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Updated: 2021.01.05

הִלֵּל הַזָּקֵן הַבָּבְלִי

masc . n.Hi•leil  Sr., "the Babylonian" (born in the later half of the B.C.E. 1st-century in Bâ•vël, migrated as an adult to Yᵊhūdâh where he died c. 10 C.E.—when Ribi Yᵊho•shua  was ≈17 ). Like Ribi Yᵊho•shua, Hi•leil Sr. was also born into the Royal Beit-Dâ•wid!

Hileil Sr.
Shimon Ben-Hileil
Gamlieil Sr.
Shimon Ben-Gamlieil Sr.
Gamlieil Jr
Rabi Shimon Ben-Gamlieil Jr
Rabi Yehudah ha-Nasi

Hi•leil Sr. was the Minority Pᵊrush•i Complement who, paired with the Majority Tzᵊdoq•i Sha•mai Sr. Complement, comprised "The Last Zūgōt" (succeeded by the Tan•â•im).

Additionally, Hi•leil Sr. was also the grandfather of Rab•ân Ga•mᵊl•i•eil Sr.—who came to the aid of the Nᵊtzâr•im when they were being persecuted by the Tzᵊdōq•im.

Since Ribi Yᵊho•shua's family trip to Yᵊru•shâ•layim in celebration of his Bar-Mi•tzᵊwâh (turning 13) occurred in 0006 C.E. (which was also probably the first year after "the child grew-up" and the family had returned from Egypt). That means that when he missed his caravan back home to Nâ•tzᵊr•at with his parents because he was studying in the Beit ha-Mi•qᵊdâsh, he was studying under Hi•leil Sr. "the Babylonian"!!! Moreover, his intellectual maturity at his Bar-Mi•tzᵊwâh suggests that he had previously studied while in Egypt—and that (thanks to the gifts from the Persian astrologers), since in those days young boys apprenticed early as a ta•lᵊmid, Ribi Yᵊho•shua was probably educated at the greatest university for its time in all of world history: The Great Musaeum of Alexandria.  more

The name, Hi•leil, derived from the root הַלֵּל, which is also the root of הַלְלוּיָה, הִלּוּלָה and תְּהִלִּים.

Recognized as "the greatest of the sages of the Beit ha-Mi•qᵊdâsh ha-Shein•i period", Hi•leil was the founder of the tolerant, Beit Hi•leil Pᵊrūsh•im school of interpreting Ha•lâkh•âh—in contrast to the strict, exclusivist-elite, fence-building Pᵊrush•im school founded by Sham•ai.

"Many of the halakhot and tannaitic controversies dating from the generation of Jabneh (c. 70 c.e.) are probably, and a large number are explicitly, based on the views of Bet Hillel which were adopted as the halakhah in opposition to those of Bet Shammai" [https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/bet-hillel-and-bet-shammai]

  1. Methodology: Perushi Hileil big-picture semiotic logic applied to principles of jurisprudence versus Syria-Hellenist "Temple" Tzedoqi Shamai mechanical keyhole literalness, having more in common with the Beit ha-Miqdash Osin of the DSS. [still https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/bet-hillel-and-bet-shammai]

  2. Fences: Perushi Hileil minimalists, Tzedoqi Shamai maximalists

  3. Interpretation: Perushi Hileil logic of principles, Tzedoqi Shamai unquestioning literalism

  4. Philosophical Orientation: Hileil sees best in humankind, Tzedoqi Shamai sees worst in humankind


Hi•leil was the principle leader of the Pᵊrush•im contingent in the Beit-Din ha-

Jâ•dōl, which, until c. 30 C.E., was controlled by the Hellenist pseudo-Tzᵊdōq•im—who had, while they retained control, found common ground in bolstering the self-shackling Beit Sha•mai. Thus, during the tenure of the Hellenist pseudo-Tzᵊdōq•im in Roman-occupied Yᵊhūdâh, the stricter views of Sham•ai prevailed (though only within the Pᵊrush•im community of Jews; clearly not among the Hellenist pseudo-Tzᵊdōq•im Jews).

By the time of the destruction in 70 C.E., however, the more intelligent and logical views of Beit Hi•leil regarding “big tent” protectiveness of original principles toward adverse opinions, had prevailed for 4 decades and thereafter.

Changes in the world environment have repeatedly proven terminal to large segments, or even entire species, of populations that lack some previously unappreciated DNA. Like undefined rare DNA, the same holds true for diverse opinions, which may not seem correct or acceptable presently, but ultimately could prove correct in future; providing the sole—previously uncomprehended and unappreciated—explanation that averts extinction of entire belief systems. Advances in world knowledge dooms religions dependent upon a divine-son prophet, a prophet riding a Pegasus from Mecca to Yᵊru•shâ•layim overnight or Bronze Age (much less Dark Age) premises. Ex falso quodlibet. הָעוֹלָם הִשְׁתַּנָּה (mundus mutatus).

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