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(4Q) MMT

Updated: 2013.09.22

Discoveries in the Judaean Desert X Qumran Cave 4 V Miqsat Maase Ha-Torah

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(Mi•qᵊtzât Ma•as•ëh ha-Tor•âh; "some Ma•as•ëh of Tor•âh.") conventionally abbreviated to MMT; ca. B.C.E. 156).

Familiarity with MMT is essential to the understanding of 1st-century Judaism (Ya•a•qov Sussmann in Qim•ron, p. 185.).

MMT is probably the original plea from Yᵊkhon•yâh Bën-Shim•on II Bᵊn-Tzâ•doq (the last true Ko•hein ha-Jâ•dol, who subsequently became the Moreih Tzëdëq; see also Kha•sid•im) to his rabidly Hellenist brother, Yᵊho•shua Bën-Shim•on II Bën-Tzâ•doq, who became the first Ko•hein hâ-Rësha (in a resulting succession).

MMT was probably written by the same author to the same recipient and closely related to CD, which he would write some 25-30 years later as a follow-up plea and covering some topics not covered earlier in MMT. More details are found in our Kha•nukh•âh page.

Ma•as•ëh, meaning "doing" or "practice," was the term used by the Tzᵊdoq•im to specify their interpretation of the Oral Law; the Tzᵊdoq•im counterpart of the Ha•lâkh•âh of the Pᵊrush•im (predecessors of today's Orthodox Jews).

"This scroll will undoubtedly stand in the center of all future discussion of the Ha•lâkh•âh and identity of the [Qum•rân] sect and the history of the Ha•lâkh•âh in general" (Qim•ron, et al., p. 185).

Qim•ron, Ëlishâ (Prof. of Linguistics, Bën-Guryon Univ. of the gëv, Bᵊ•eir Shëva) and John Strugnell (Prof. of Christian Origins, Harvard Divinity School) in consultation with Ya•a•qov Sussman and A. Yardeini, "Discoveries in the Judaean Desert X, Qum•rân Cave 4 V, Miqtzat Ma•as•ëh ha-Tor•âh (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1994)

This Dead Sea Scroll, discovered in Qum•rân Cave #4 (4Q), is a Qum•rân Kha•sid•im Bᵊn-Tzâ•doq Tzᵊdoq•im document (Qim•ron, Ë•lish•â (Prof. of Linguistics, Bën-Guryon Univ. of the Nëgëv, Bᵊ•eir Shëva) and John Strugnell (Prof. of Christian Origins, Harvard Divinity School) in consultation with Hebrew Univ. Professor of Talmud Ya•a•qov Sussmann and A. Yardeini, "Discoveries in the Judaean Desert X, Qum•rân Cave 4 V, Mi•qᵊtzat Ma•as•ëh ha-Tor•âh (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1994) p. 197, 116, et al, and Eusebius, EH, III, xxvii, 2-6). This is evident from the practices of the group the writer described as "we," as opposed to "you," which matched the description of the Hellenist pseudo- Tzᵊdoq•im versus "they," which described the Pᵊrush•im (Qim•ron, p. 175.).

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