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Dr. Uri Gab•bai (Ph.D. senior lecturer in Assyriology, Hebrew University, Yᵊru•shâ•layim) baselessly ignores, by misascription, the Biblical mention of -, a not (Rosh Hashanah = New Year)!!!

Ignoring the Scriptural Authority of this command, he declares: "Rosh Hashanah, now one of the most important festivals in the Jewish calendar, is hardly mentioned in the Bible" [emphasis mine]. That's because Scripture doesn't mention any autumnal "New Year" (Rosh Hashanah) at all! To the contrary, Scripture commands Yom Tᵊru•âh, not Rōsh ha-Shân•âh!

Specifically, is only mentioned once in the Bible: in Yᵊkhë•zᵊq•eil 40.1, where the season is neither specified nor inferable. If anything, the theme of this passage, laying out construction, is a springtime endeavor. Fall ushers in the rainy cold winter season, during which most construction was (and still is) suspended. Thus, the passage tends more to corroborate the explicit Biblical specification of "Firstmonth".

Dr. Gab•bai admits, "There is nothing in this laconic [Scriptural instruction (paragraph 1), explicitly specifying , not Rosh Hashanah/​New Year] that would indicate that this is the New Years festival, especially since the seventh month ([Babylonian month name] Tishrei), not the first ([Babylonian month name] Nissan), is mentioned."

Origin of Spring v Autumn New Years – c BCE 2000

Ninevah & Babylon
Click to enlargeNinevah & Babylon

Encyclopædia Britannica [Updated 2017.07.31] – "The earliest known record of a New Year festival dates from about BCE 2000 in Mesopotamia, where in Babylonia the new year (Akitu) began with the new moon after the spring equinox (mid-March) and in Assyria with the new moon nearest the autumn equinox (mid-September). For the Egyptians, Phoenicians, and Persians the year began with the autumn equinox (September 21), and for the early Greeks it began with the winter solstice (December 21). On the Roman republican calendar the year began on March 1, but after 153 bce the official date was January 1, which was continued in the Julian calendar of 46 bce."

In ancient Babylonia, practically the entire empire celebrated New Year in the Babylonian seventh month, Tashritu (adopted in Hebrew transliterated as Tishrei) in autumn – except for the immediate region around the capital of Babylon City (the region where Av•râm would be born c BCE 1879), which celebrated New Year in the spring. Eventually, even the capital Babylon region was absorbed into the wider autumn celebration of the "New Year" celebrating the Creation by Ma•rᵊdukh, which was universal throughout the rest of the Babylonian empire.

BCE 8th Century – Yi•sᵊr•â•eil Exiled To Ninevah, Assyria
BCE 586 Yᵊhudâh Exiled to Babylonia

Throughout the rest of the empire, where most of Israelis and Jews were eventually exiled, the Babylonian idolaters commemorated the motif of Ma•rᵊdukh's "New Year" and impending judgment in the fall, in the Babylonian 7th month: Tashritu – from which Babylonian Reform Jews assimilated, reformed and displaced the Biblical name of "Seventhmonth" into the Babylonian name they use today: Tishrei – along with the idolatrous Babylonian Ma•rᵊdukh a•vōd•âh zâr•âh of the contra-Biblical Babylonian autumn New Year of Ma•rᵊdukh's Judgment!

"Thus the Babylonian New Year ritual, whether celebrated in spring or fall, contained the following elements: combat and victory, creation, divine enthronement, and judgment."

It is self-evident that Babylonian Reform Jews recognized these parallels between their own Tor•âh motif of announcing, via the sho•phâr, the impending judgment in the Biblical theme of Yōm Tᵊru•âh preceding the impending judgment of Yōm ha-Ki•pur•im and, lᵊ‑ha•vᵊdil, the idolatrous Babylonian Reform a•vōd•âh zâr•âh of Ma•rᵊdukh's autumn New Year of Judgment. This syncretic reform, assimilation and displacement mythology of the Babylonian Reform's idolatrous autumn "New Year" (Hebrew: Rōsh ha-Shân•âh) by Babylonian Reform Jews during the Babylonian Exile is the only historical evidence for the origin of the autumn Rōsh ha-Shân•âh in Judaism or among Jews.

Continue Pretending Assimilated Strayings Are From Har Sin•ai?

Dr. Gab•bai elides over the unbridgeable ha•vᵊdâl•âh between Scriptural autumnal "Yōm Tᵊru•âh" v lᵊ‑ha•vᵊdil, the reform of assimilating the autumnal "New Year" of Ma•rᵊdukh celebrated by the Babylonians, Assyrians, Persians, Phoenicians and distant Egyptians.

Skipping over more than a millennium of assimilation, the first mention in Rabbinic literature of Israelis/​Jews celebrating an autumnal "New Year" – doesn't occur until the Mishᵊnâh Rōsh ha-Shân•âh, compiled by Yᵊhud•âh ha-Nâ•si (of the Great Συνέδριον) after 135 CE! This documents the rabbinic internalization of the tradition, assimilated during the exiles in Babylon and Assyria, that had gone on for centuries – displacint the Biblical on the 1st of Firstmonth (in the spring) with, lᵊ‑ha•vᵊdil, the autumnal Seventhmonth New Year of Ma•rᵊdukh, celebrated by all of the rest of the Middle East peoples.

Most rabbis and halakhists mindlessly offer the excuse that many (idolatrous) cultures commemorate various "new years": secular, religious, agricultural, fiscal, etc. – as if an idolatrous example of goy•im justifies contradicting the Bible. Well, those same cultures worship idols. Would they dare argue consistently that, therefore, Jews should worship like the goy•im (Christmas? Easter? Muslim festivals?) instead of as the Bible instructs? mushroomMushrooms neglect to ask pertinent questions, the consequences of which are that they become blind followers of cult leaders who lead them astray from Tor•âh.

Surely inadvertently like many others, Dr. Uri Gab•bai coaxes readers down the same straying path. Prior to 135 CE, the only evidence – dismissing baseless and non sequitur, naked assumptions – of celebrating a "new year" in autumn tracks back, in the manner of the golden calf-mask of Hât-Hōr, to assimilations during the Assyrian and Babylonian subjugations.

Scriptural New Year

Like the Scriptural weekday names (Firstday, Secondday, etc., not lᵊ‑ha•vᵊdil, today's idolatrous god names for each day), Biblical references cite Firstmonth (Secondmonth, et al.), which declare explicitly that the beginning of the year is the spring month in which Pësakh occurs—the month beginning with the New Moon closest to the spring Equinox.

The Scriptural autumn celebration is explicitly specified as Yom Tᵊru•âh—in the month beginning with the New Moon closest to the autumnal Equinox.

Celebrating New Year (Rosh ha-Shanah) in autumn is a•vōd•âh zâr•âh of Ma•rᵊdukh in intractable contradiction of Scripture, celebrating lᵊ‑ha•vᵊdil, Egypto-Babylonian, Assyrian, Phoenicio-Persian gods no less a•vōd•âh zâr•âh than adopting a Hellenist Roman Christmas "Hanukah bush" and New Year!

Ergo, while Yōm Tᵊru•âh is Biblically ordained, lᵊ‑ha•vᵊdil, an autumn Rōsh ha-Shân•âh (New Year), which blatantly and deliberately syncretized Babylonian a•vōd•âh zâr•âh of Ma•rᵊdukh, incontrovertibly contradicts Tor•âh instruction that explicitly anchors the Firstmonth of the year, in early spring (the month of Pësakh)!

Restore Pristine Tor•âh? Or Continue Assimilated Strayings?

Inescapably, the reform from Yōm Tᵊru•âh to, lᵊ‑ha•vᵊdil, an autumnal "New Year" celebrating Creation by Ma•rᵊdukh is post-Sin•ai, a product of assimilation of Assyrian and Babylonian Exiles a•vōd•âh zâr•âh that displaced the Biblical instruction; perverting it with the idolatrous Babylonian motif of Ma•rᵊdukh's autumn New Year of Judgment, even adopting the Babylonian month name, Tishrei – but under the faux-Biblical Hebrew cover name Rōsh ha-Shân•âh. And Orthodox religious Jews today mindlessly follow their Dark Ages, European-assimilated, cult-leader Kha•reid•i rabbis in continuing this assimilated – reform – perversion; all while claiming to be Tradition-correct and condemning the minutest disagreement as "Reform". (Yet, today, Kha•reid•im are tenaciously engaged in accelerating unprecedented reforms to "Orthodox" Judaism unparalleled in all of history).

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