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Updated: Update: 2020.09.10

Proto-Sinaitic hei, for haleil (English: praise-prayProto-Sinaitic wawProto-Sinaitic hei, for haleil (English: praise-prayProto-Sinaitic yod (English: arm reaching-out)

The Existant, v "His" "Name"

We mortal humans have names in order to distinguish between other multiple individual human peers (and pets). When there is only the Lone Existant, no name is necessary or appropriate (since a name suggests a need to distinguish among peers). Only humans have a need for names. Even referring to the Existant as a gender is logically oxymoronic. The Existant is a genderless Being: "It", with no peers; neither a he nor a she.

Contemporary mystic cultists who fixate on the perfect, original pronunciation of "the Name" are buried in the mindset of Dark Ages sorcerers' beliefs in the magical power of perfectly enunciated incantations. The documented facts are that, from the time of Avᵊrâ•hâm (c BCE 2039 ), when mankind was still developing the first written alephbeit, until the Masoretes first inserted vowels, accents and punctuation (e.g., יְהֹוָ֨ה ) after the 7th century CE— ≈3 millennia of assimilations later— no vowels were written. Audio recordings hadn't been invented so pronunciation was entirely dependent upon hearing the word—spoken by a Kᵊna•an•i  or Israeli (Jews were only one of the 12 tribes of Yi•sᵊr•â•eil). That also means the Masoretic vowels, upon which all modern researchers depend, reflect not original pronunciation but linguistic evolution nearly 3 millennia after the fact! And the Masoretes depended entirely upon context enhanced by Ta•lᵊmūd (itself codified only in the 5th century CE, only ≈2 centuries before themselves)! More recent researchers have resources (Dead Sea Scrolls, archeological information, etc.) to determine context (and resulting vowelization) that were undiscovered in the time of the Masoretes.

Superficial Critics of Ta•na"kh Commit Logical Fallacy

Critics of Ta•na"kh have based all of their conclusions on a common assumption: that Yi•sᵊr•â•eil worshiped the idols of the surrounding goy•im from the time of Avᵊrâ•hâm until the time of Dâ•wid ha-Mëlëkh (cBCE 1000 ). But what Ta•na"kh documents is that Avᵊrâ•hâm (cBCE 1990 ) recognized the logical inevitability of an Eternal, non-physical (hence invisible) Existant. The first problem was that there existed no terminology, no idol-name, that conveyed this new and revolutionary concept (mimicked, more than 6 centuries later, by Egyptian Par•oh Amun-hotep 4thAkhen-Aten, c BCE 1377 ).

Being an entirely new concept, Yi•sᵊr•â•eil could only relate to surrounding goy•im, and even discuss the various Characteristics among themselves, using the longstanding conventional lexicon—the idols and idol-names. "Well, 'It Exists' (lit. Proto-Sinaitic hei, for haleil (English: praise-prayProto-Sinaitic wawProto-Sinaitic hei, for haleil (English: praise-prayProto-Sinaitic yod (English: arm reaching-out)) is The Existant—It displaces the sky-idol Proto-Sinaitic hei, for haleil (English: praise-prayProto-Sinaitic wawProto-Sinaitic hei, for haleil (English: praise-prayProto-Sinaitic yod (English: arm reaching-out); It also is (displaces) your Eil; and it encompasses (displaces) all of the ël•ōh•im." This didn't even remotely suggest (until after the assimilations during the Egyptian Sojourn) that Yi•sᵊr•â•eil was worshiping all of these idol-names; merely using them to try to explain to the surrounding (Egyptian & other) goy•im Avᵊrâ•hâm's revolutionary new concept of the Existant.

Since it isn't proven that (apart from Yi•shᵊm•â•eil and Ei•sau) Yi•sᵊr•â•eil worshiped idols from the advent of Avᵊrâ•hâm well into the Egyptian Sojourn (rather than merely noting similarities displacing all the various idols), the basic premise is false—making all conclusions derived therefrom ex falso quodlibet, a logical fallacy, false. The oft-cited plagues of idolatry recurring repeatedly in Ta•na"kh occurred toward the later decades of the imposed Egyptian Sojourn, as assimilation took hold; plaguing Israel for centuries thereafter.

Preserving the Sanctity Of Addressing Proto-Sinaitic hei, for haleil (English: praise-prayProto-Sinaitic wawProto-Sinaitic hei, for haleil (English: praise-prayProto-Sinaitic yod (English: arm reaching-out)

From the beginning, Avᵊrâ•hâm and his descendants, including Mōsh•ëh at Har Sin•ai, prohibited only desecrating the Name, pronouncing Proto-Sinaitic hei, for haleil (English: praise-prayProto-Sinaitic wawProto-Sinaitic hei, for haleil (English: praise-prayProto-Sinaitic yod (English: arm reaching-out) (later Middle-Semitic Middle-Semitic heiMiddle-Semitic wawMiddle-Semitic heiMiddle-Semitic yod, now Modern יהוה), both aloud in praise-prayer and in sworn testimony for almost 2 millennia—until cBCE 169, when Hellenist Syrian king Antiochus Epiphanes decreedTalmud Tractate Rosh haShanah 18b his prohibition against speaking aloud the Name of any non-Hellenist god. As Yi•sᵊr•â•eil had earlier done during the Babylonian Exile, they eventually rationalized why they were practicing the religious changes that foreign rulers had imposed upon them—internalizing (assimilating) the rationalizations as having been rabbinically-derived; ergo, rabbinic tradition overriding Ta•na"kh.

Medieval 10th Century C.E. 𝕸

While 𝕸 was unarguably the best text that could be derived in the 10th Century C.E., researchers today have many additional resources that were undiscovered in Medieval times, resources like the Dead Sea Scrolls and archaeological hard evidence that enable today's researchers to far better clarify historical context and meaning (while the rabbis continue to extol the Medieval rabbis over historical, earliest extant Scriptures from Mōsh•ëh at Har Sin•ai.

Thus, when we read the universally rabbinically-accepted "יְהֹוָ֨ה" in 𝕸 (bᵊ-Reish•it 3.14), we are given the—wrong—impression that the vowels, syllable accents and punctuations are all original from Mōsh•ëh at Har Sin•ai. But that is not, at all, the case! While, repeatedly, the Christian world has gone to extreme lengths to eliminate the leather scrolls of Ta•na"kh, and even Jews, both survive. While the Ten Principles conveyed by Mōsh•ëh at Har Sin•ai were engraved in stone, all of the rest of today's Scripture was developed and preserved orally over the next 2 millennia or so. It isn't certain when various passages of Scripture were codified, but our earliest extant copies, the Dead Sea Scrolls, date from cBCE 4th century.

But these weren't found until recently. Until the discovery of the Dead Sea Scrolls, only oral Scripture remained. Retaining, much less restoring, Scripture would seem impossible—until the oral product, today's Ta•na"kh, is compared to the Dead Sea Scrolls written record! The written record of the Dead Sea Scrolls corroborates 𝕸 Ta•na"kh almost entirely! (Almost. There are still a few points that can be clarified and corrected from the earlier written record of the Dead Sea Scrolls—which predate the Masoretes by over a millennium!)

From Avᵊrâ•hâm To Mōsh•ëh

World Steeped In Myriad Depicted ël•ōh•im
Lacked Words To Understand The "Existant"

Until Avᵊrâ•hâm, millennia before Einstein and the "Big Bang" theory, the world believed in innumerable ël•ōh•im. Accordingly, the plural "ël•ōh•im", and the names mortals assigned them, were the only terms people knew when discussing physical laws and events that exceeded their understanding.

Being the first in history to logically deduce the inevitability of the Existant (i.e. Proto-Sinaitic hei, for haleil (English: praise-prayProto-Sinaitic wawProto-Sinaitic hei, for haleil (English: praise-prayProto-Sinaitic yod (English: arm reaching-out)), Avᵊrâ•hâm faced a world lacking any terminology to describe the Existant—especially Who precluded the entirety of all of "the ël•ōh•im" that the world outside of the Israelis (i.e. the goy•im) believed in!

עוֹלָם vs ∞

In Ta•na"kh, the term עוֹלָם wasn't adequate to explain the concept of extra-physical, eternal existence. While routinely translated as "eternal" in post-Biblical modern languages (including MH:), in Ta•na"kh, עוֹלָם refers to the world in terms of the reign (i.e. world-age) of a ruler. "To the world-age" describes the current reign "until our next ruler". The term is doubled to mean "world-age of world ages" referred to the foreseeable future; i.e. "as long as (our) rulers reign". The earliest extant record of a contemplation of true ∞, i.e. eternity beyond the physical world, was in post-Biblical India and the Greeks, a century or so after the time of Ëzᵊr•â (cBCE 409-359); i.e. the post-Biblical era.

Avᵊrâ•hâm, The First Evangelist

Merely Foreign Idol Names To Help Foreigners Comprehend The Existant?

Referring to the use of the various Names, including the Tetragrammaton, in the time of the early Patriarchs, the entry noted: "Most of these terms were employed also by the Kᵊna•an•im], to designate their [idolatrous gods]. This is not surprising; since on settling in [Kᵊna•an] the Patriarchs and early [Israelis] made 'the language of [Kᵊna•an] their own' (Yᵊsha•yâhu 19.18), the Hebrew language would naturally use the [Kᵊna•an•i] vocabulary for terms designating their own Deity". This should more accurately read: " the Hebrew language would naturally use the [Kᵊna•an•i] vocabulary"—to communicate and explain the Existant to the surrounding goy•im in the only terms (their own Kᵊna•an•i idol-names) that they comprehended! The unfettered ordinary-conversational use of י‑‑ה was an idolatrous [Kᵊna•an•i] practice, referring to a [Kᵊna•an•i] perception of י‑‑ה, an idol-name used by Mōsh•ëh, first to explain and describe the revolutionary concept of the Existant to Bᵊn•ei-Yi•sᵊrâ•eil, and thereafter to relate to, communicate with and explain the concept of the Existant to the surrounding Kᵊna•an•im.

Ma•lᵊk•i-Tzëdëq, Kō•hein Of Middle-Semitic nun (English: sprouting seed; i.e. (re)generationMiddle-Semitic wawMiddle-Semitic yod (English: arm reaching-out)Middle-Semitic lamed (English: shepherd's crook)Middle-Semitic ayin (English: eye) Middle-Semitic lamed (English: shepherd's crook)Middle-Semitic aleph (English: ox)
Descriptive Adjectival Phrases v Names

It's widely misrepresented that Ma•lᵊk•i-Tzëdëq was a kō•hein of Proto-Sinaitic hei, for haleil (English: praise-prayProto-Sinaitic wawProto-Sinaitic hei, for haleil (English: praise-prayProto-Sinaitic yod (English: arm reaching-out). However, the text records that, rather, he was a kō•hein of the Kᵊna•an•i Middle-Semitic nun (English: sprouting seed; i.e. (re)generationMiddle-Semitic wawMiddle-Semitic yod (English: arm reaching-out)Middle-Semitic lamed (English: shepherd's crook)Middle-Semitic ayin (English: eye) Middle-Semitic lamed (English: shepherd's crook)Middle-Semitic aleph (English: ox). Ma•lᵊk•i-Tzëdëq blessed Avᵊrâ•hâm in the name of Middle-Semitic nun (English: sprouting seed; i.e. (re)generationMiddle-Semitic wawMiddle-Semitic yod (English: arm reaching-out)Middle-Semitic lamed (English: shepherd's crook)Middle-Semitic ayin (English: eye) Middle-Semitic lamed (English: shepherd's crook)Middle-Semitic aleph (English: ox), boasting that his Kᵊna•an•i idol-name was "Owner of the heavens and earth." This is the same name that Dân•iy•eil referenced in order to relate the Existant to the doomed Ka•lᵊdim regent-son, Bel-shazar (Akkadian cuneiform: ''Bel protect the king) (in the absence of his father, king Nabu-na id (Akkadian cuneiform: ''Nabu is praised'', BCE 556-539); Hellenized to ''Nabonidus'')—just before the the Persian king Kurush, Persian King (Koresh, Cyrus) conquered Bâ•vël in BCE 538 (soon after Dân•iy•eil's fateful "writing on the wall" prophecy.

But Avᵊrâ•hâm corrected Ma•lᵊk•i-Tzëdëq saying, "I've sworn my hand to [the service of] Middle-Semitic nun (English: sprouting seed; i.e. (re)generationMiddle-Semitic wawMiddle-Semitic yod (English: arm reaching-out)Middle-Semitic lamed (English: shepherd's crook)Middle-Semitic ayin (English: eye) Middle-Semitic lamed (English: shepherd's crook)Middle-Semitic aleph (English: ox), Proto-Sinaitic hei, for haleil (English: praise-prayProto-Sinaitic wawProto-Sinaitic hei, for haleil (English: praise-prayProto-Sinaitic yod (English: arm reaching-out)—"Owner of the heavens and earth."

By his acceptance, as corrected (likely implying a fruitful explanation by Avᵊrâ•hâm & discussion), of Avᵊrâ•hâm's tithe, Ma•lᵊk•i-Tzëdëq thereby accepted Avᵊrâ•hâm's correction—the first recorded in-conversion to the Existant, by Avᵊrâ•hâm.

This usage suggests that both of the phrases are descriptive adjectives ("Existant" & "Highest of the ël•ōh•im) of uncomprehended Meta-mortal Power(s), rather than proper names, per se, of the myriad foreign idols.

The Egyptian Sojourn

Following their years of Sojourn in Egypt, the Israelis themselves were the first in need of restoring, and better understanding this revolutionary concept—as encapsulated in the Shᵊm•a:

“Hearken, Israel! Proto-Sinaitic hei, for haleil (English: praise-prayProto-Sinaitic wawProto-Sinaitic hei, for haleil (English: praise-prayProto-Sinaitic yod (English: arm reaching-out) is our ël•ōh•im! Proto-Sinaitic hei, for haleil (English: praise-prayProto-Sinaitic wawProto-Sinaitic hei, for haleil (English: praise-prayProto-Sinaitic yod (English: arm reaching-out) is the Singularity!”

Shᵊm•ōt 6 recounts the first introduction of the Existant, as Mōsh•ëh perceived The Existant conveying to him:

Proto-Sinaitic hei, for haleil (English: praise-prayProto-Sinaitic wawProto-Sinaitic hei, for haleil (English: praise-prayProto-Sinaitic yod (English: arm reaching-out) Proto-Sinaitic yod (English: arm reaching-out)Proto-Sinaitic nun (English:  fishProto-Sinaitic aleph (ox-head pictograph; English: ox)” 2

Remember: only since the 10th century C.E. has Ta•na"kh been cantillated as "אֲנִ֥י יְהוָֽה". While religious agendas spray pseudo-scholarly, far-fetched speculations all over the map, the most straightforward explanation is that "the Name" is most likely a portmanteau of pa•al elements of הָיָה: fu. element □יְ (Yᵊ□) + pres. ele­ment □הֹ□ (□□) + past element וָ֨ה□ (□wâh); i.e. "I am Willbeamwas" or "I am The Existant. Thus, the "Name" of the Existant of the universe roughly translates into English as: "I am what I shall always be." The "Name" simply enables humans to capture and encapsulate the breadth of the historically and scientifically-grounded, Judaic-origin concept and holiness of the Unchanging Existant of the universe. To be valid (i.e., not-idolatry), the Name in other languages, or even among other life if it exists elsewhere in the Cosmos, must capture and encapsulate this same concept and holiness of the Unchanging Existant of the universe.

In the ensuing pâ•suq, Mōsh•ëh perceives the Existant conveying the Name to him,

“I made Myself apparent to Avᵊrâ•hâm, to Yi•tzᵊkhâq and to Ya•a•qōv as eil ël•yōn; but My Name Proto-Sinaitic hei, for haleil (English: praise-prayProto-Sinaitic wawProto-Sinaitic hei, for haleil (English: praise-prayProto-Sinaitic yod (English: arm reaching-out), I didn't make known to them.” 

(Again, the cantillation didn't appear until c10th century C.E. A person only knew how to pronounce the Name) by oral tradition; that is, hearing the Name spoken by an Israeli.)

So, which was the Name: Proto-Sinaitic hei, for haleil (English: praise-prayProto-Sinaitic wawProto-Sinaitic hei, for haleil (English: praise-prayProto-Sinaitic yod (English: arm reaching-out) or Proto-Sinaitic hei, for haleil (English: praise-prayProto-Sinaitic yod (English: arm reaching-out)Proto-Sinaitic hei, for haleil (English: praise-prayProto-Sinaitic aleph (ox-head pictograph; English: ox)?

Only 3 chapters earlier, Scripture seemingly informed us differently (recall that vowels weren't included until the 10th century C.E.):

“ 14 ël•ōh•im conveyed to Mōsh•ëh, ‘ Proto-Sinaitic hei, for haleil (English: praise-prayProto-Sinaitic yod (English: arm reaching-out)Proto-Sinaitic hei, for haleil (English: praise-prayProto-Sinaitic aleph (ox-head pictograph; English: ox) Proto-Sinaitic resh (English: head)Proto-Sinaitic hei, for haleil (English: (2 front) teethProto-Sinaitic aleph (ox-head pictograph; English: ox) Proto-Sinaitic hei, for haleil (English: praise-prayProto-Sinaitic yod (English: arm reaching-out)Proto-Sinaitic hei, for haleil (English: praise-prayProto-Sinaitic aleph (ox-head pictograph; English: ox) ’; Saying, ‘ Thus, you shall convey to Bᵊn•ei-Yi•sᵊrâ•eil, « Proto-Sinaitic hei, for haleil (English: praise-prayProto-Sinaitic yod (English: arm reaching-out)Proto-Sinaitic hei, for haleil (English: praise-prayProto-Sinaitic aleph (ox-head pictograph; English: ox) has sent me to you. » ’

“ 15 Then ël•ōh•im additionally told Mōsh•ëh, ‘ Tell Bᵊn•ei-Yi•sᵊrâ•eil thusly, « Proto-Sinaitic hei, for haleil (English: praise-prayProto-Sinaitic wawProto-Sinaitic hei, for haleil (English: praise-prayProto-Sinaitic yod (English: arm reaching-out), ël•ōh•im of your patriarchs—ël•ōh•im of Avᵊrâ•hâm, ël•ōh•im of Yi•tzᵊkhâq and ël•ōh•im of Ya•a•qōv, has sent me to you. »
This is My Name to the ages, and this shall be My Designation, generation to generation.’ ” 

From BCE 165 – 5th Century CE

Verbal Substitutions For Middle-Semitic hei, for haleil (English: praise-prayMiddle-Semitic wawMiddle-Semitic hei, for haleil (English: praise-prayMiddle-Semitic yod (English: arm reaching-out)
Influence Of Assimilated Hellenist Sorcery: "Jewish Mystics" Fons Et Origo Of Qa•bâl•âh

By the 1st century C.E., Ta•na"kh-prohibited Jewish mystics—call it what it is: i.e. Jewish soothsayers, sorcerers, warlocks and wizards—had put a "Jewish" imprimatur on Hellenist mystical practices, teaching Hellenist-"Jewish" (i.e. future LXX-style) mysticism among the Jewish population despite fierce condemnation from the Pᵊrush•im. These 1st century C.E., Jewish soothsayers, sorcerers, warlocks and wizards—not the stalwart Rab•ân Shi•mᵊōn Bar Yo•khai (Rashb"i) falsely claimed by 10th century C.E. European Jewish sorcerers—were the fons et origo of the 10th century C.E. Qa•bâl•âh reignited, amidst the rampant Dark Ages European mysticism, by Spanish soothsayer-Rabbi Moses De Leon (i.e. "Shem Tov")—who conceived and wrote the har.

It is logically clear from this difference that the important point was the Designation (not a mortal-style "name" distinguishing one among fellow peers), not some Dark Ages mystical perfect incantation that would enable us mortals to create what we have uttered—presuming to create as a peer of the Existant—by the way we, mortals, utter it but, rather, the Principle that the Non-physical Existant is Eternal, throughout the tenses of time. Thus, whether one refers to Proto-Sinaitic hei, for haleil (English: praise-prayProto-Sinaitic wawProto-Sinaitic hei, for haleil (English: praise-prayProto-Sinaitic yod (English: arm reaching-out) or Proto-Sinaitic hei, for haleil (English: praise-prayProto-Sinaitic yod (English: arm reaching-out)Proto-Sinaitic hei, for haleil (English: praise-prayProto-Sinaitic aleph (ox-head pictograph; English: ox), or the substitution of Eil ël•yōn as instituted by the Kha•shᵊmōn•âyim, or phrases like "the Creator-Singularity", "the Almighty", etc., the important point is not a "Name" (or gender) like us mortals at all; but, rather, recognizing the Attributes of the Existant.

In whichever case, magical incantation of a spell(ing)—which is sorcery, wizardry and witchcraft—is prohibited by Ta•na"kh.

Emergence Of First Pᵊrush•im

Kha•shᵊmōn•âyim Didn't Restore Usage Of Proto-Sinaitic hei, for haleil (English: praise-prayProto-Sinaitic wawProto-Sinaitic hei, for haleil (English: praise-prayProto-Sinaitic yod (English: arm reaching-out)

Reform: Substitutionary Language Introduced Displacing Proto-Sinaitic hei, for haleil (English: praise-prayProto-Sinaitic wawProto-Sinaitic hei, for haleil (English: praise-prayProto-Sinaitic yod (English: arm reaching-out)

Circa BCE 166, when the Kha•shᵊmōn•âyim broke free of Hellenist Syrian rule, they only symbolically reinstituted the ancient practice, referring only indirectly, via substitutionary description-Names, to (Middle-Semitic hei, for haleil (English: praise-prayMiddle-Semitic wawMiddle-Semitic hei, for haleil (English: praise-prayMiddle-Semitic yod (English: arm reaching-out) ) aloud. In their perceived attempt to safeguard the sanctity of the Name, they initiated a reform (!) forbidding reinstituting inclusion of the Name Middle-Semitic hei, for haleil (English: praise-prayMiddle-Semitic wawMiddle-Semitic hei, for haleil (English: praise-prayMiddle-Semitic yod (English: arm reaching-out) itself in written legal documents, contracts, etc., because the documents, once the contracts were satisfied, would be thrown in the trash—profaning the Name written in the document. Instead, the Kha•shᵊmōn•âyim initiated the displacement of writing the Name (at this point in the Middle-Semitic alephbeit: Middle-Semitic hei, for haleil (English: praise-prayMiddle-Semitic wawMiddle-Semitic hei, for haleil (English: praise-prayMiddle-Semitic yod (English: arm reaching-out)) with an alternate Biblical descriptive phrase, Middle-Semitic nun (English: sprouting seed; i.e. (re)generationMiddle-Semitic wawMiddle-Semitic yod (English: arm reaching-out)Middle-Semitic lamed (English: shepherd's crook)Middle-Semitic ayin (English: eye) Middle-Semitic lamed (English: shepherd's crook)Middle-Semitic aleph (English: ox). Their reform, therefore, merely promulgated and falsely-legitimized the practice that had been imposed upon them under (Roman-imprimatured Syrian) Hellenist subjugation: henceforth using only a substitute phrase, avoiding saying Middle-Semitic hei, for haleil (English: praise-prayMiddle-Semitic wawMiddle-Semitic hei, for haleil (English: praise-prayMiddle-Semitic yod (English: arm reaching-out) aloud in both, speaking as well as writing.

Only from the time of Herod's Hellenized Second "Temple" was the practice begun that the Name was only uttered in the "Temple", during the Mu•sâph service, on Yom ha-Ki•pur•im, by the Kō•hein ha-Ja•dōl.

5th Century C.E.

The earliest extant rabbinic decree specifying "Adonai" as the approved proper substitute in beit kᵊnësët recitation of tᵊphil•ōt for Middle-Semitic hei, for haleil (English: praise-prayMiddle-Semitic wawMiddle-Semitic hei, for haleil (English: praise-prayMiddle-Semitic yod (English: arm reaching-out) doesn't occur until the 5th century C.E., when Ma•sëkët Qi•dūsh•in 71a records that (3rd-4th century C.E. Babylonian-assimilated)

11 “Rabbi Av•ina raised this point: ‘It is written (Shᵊm•ōt 3.15): «This is My memento», said the Holy-Being (blessed be He), «Not as I am written am I to be recited. I am written as YH, but I am recited as AD.» ’ 12 The first Rabân•ân provided that the 12-letter Name* was handed-down to every person. When boors increased, they handed it down to the conservatives of the kō•han•im, and the conservatives of the kō•han•im by causing it to be swallowed-up in the singing of their brother kō•han•im. It has been learned [in a Bâray•tâ]: ‘Rabi Tar•phōn [70+135 CE] said, «On one occasion, I went up on the stage following my maternal uncle. When I turned my ear toward the Kō•hein ha-Jâ•dōl; I heard as he caused the Name to be swallowed-up in the singing of his brother kō•han•im.» ’ ”

Rainbow Rule

* By the earliest possible time this section of Ta•lᵊmūd could have been written—70-135 CE—Herod's Hellenist Temple had already been Hellenized for 3 centuries (since BCE 165), which was the fons et origo of "Jewish" mystics that were repeatedly condemned in Ta•lᵊmūd and which, in 13th century C.E. Europe (namely, Spain) was reignited by "Shem Tov" ("Jewish Mystic" Orthodox Rabbi Moses De Leon) as "Kabbalah".

Based on the silly premise that the Non-physical Singularity Creator-Being physically spoke—before the creation of air, or physical particles to vibrate in it (forming audible, physical, sound waves) and—poof!—it became, mystics sillily (ex falso quodlibet) believed that there was no distinction between a physical thing and the word for the physical thing (e.g., that a mountain and the word "mountain" were one and the same). So they claimed that when they incanted a word precisely, they would create the incanted thing (using illusion), or wonder (bald bluff) or enchanted a charm amulet or talisman (e.g., a khamsa—or perverting a mᵊzuz•âh or tᵊphil•in)—just like the Creator! Arrogating the Creator's Power to mortal will, becoming an all-powerful Co-Creator wizard Peer of the Almighty (cf. Dân•iy•eil 7.25)! When the pronunciation of the word was uncertain, they would incant every permutation, to cover all of the bases. Eliminating duplicate permutations due to the duplicate הs, they incanted the resulting 12-letter permutations of the Name. [Distinguishing vowels further scaled-up the their permutations.]

Proper Incantation

Lakhish Ostracon
Click to enlargecBCE 1112— Lâ•khish Ostracon ("Letter")

Ignoring explicit mi•tzᵊw•ot to the contrary in Ta•na"kh, the first argument raised by proponents of using the Holy Name (colloquially "Holy Namers" or "Sacred Namers") is the citation from the Encyclopedia Judaica. "At least until the destruction of the First [Beit ha-Mi•qᵊdâsh] in B.C.E. 586, this name [i.e. the Tetragrammaton] was regularly pronounced with its proper vowels, as is clear from the Lâ•khish [Ostraca,] written in the Middle-Semitic Hebrew alephbeit shortly before that date." 

Except for being convenient to their way of thinking, it isn't clear why these proponents of using the Holy Name give priority to Prof. Louis F. Hartman – who was clearly grinding his Catholic priest axe that never received scholarly consensus – over the explicit and unambiguous witness to the contrary given in Tor•âh. Nor does it make any sense why they never question that, since the same editor acknowledges that the vowels weren't included in written Hebrew until "the early Middle Ages", it is impossible that the Lâ•khish "Letters" (cBCE 1112) predating the First [Beit ha-Mi•qᵊdâsh] era could make "clear" any pronunciation at all! Nor could it clarify any of its proper vowels, or, without specifically explaining how, clarify the oral practice – much less overturn the explicit, earlier physical evidence. Therefore, in addition to other reasons, the contrary and previous position set forth in Ta•na"kh, remains sound and reliable.

As a result of this early evolution of substitutions (from the Hellenist B.C.E. 2nd century time of Hellenist Syrian king Antiochus Epiphanes), the received rabbinical (i.e. Pᵊrush•im) tradition is to preclude any profanation of the Name by substituting in all cases other than Scripture (and rabbinic) writings: (in English) "the Tetragrammaton", or הַשֵּׁם or י‑‑ה or or יי—the conventional Hebrew substitutions, each (according to rabbinic tradition), in ordinary conversation, pronounced "ha-Sheim" (the Name) except when praying, in which case each is pronounced "A•dōn•âi". An exception occurs when the Tetragrammaton follows the Hebrew word אֲדוֹנָי, in which case אֲדוֹנָי is pronounced "A•dōn•âi" as written, but the Tetragrammaton is then pronounced "ël•ōh•im"; thus, the phrase is conventionally pronounced A•dōn•âi ël•ōh•im".

Since the destruction of Herod's Hellenized Second "Temple", even when reading Tōr•âh in any Orthodox Beit ha-Kᵊnësët, the term A•don•âi is substituted for the Tetragrammaton.

Bottom Line

The early "names" of the Existant are all better described as descriptors, which are the best handles we have for the Holy-Being Creator-Singularity. Accordingly, all such references should be communicated in an appropriately respectful manner—not in ordinary (i.e. profane) conversation or usage. Consequently, any and all discussion about Creation is, by this definition, holy discussion; contemplating the Existant.

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