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Updated: 2019.10.05 

Note: a frequent error by Hellenist Διαθηκη Καινη (NT) scholars: The tiny tick on some C.E. (i.e., non-ancient) Hebrew letters, as found in the font and calligraphy from the earliest extant (Middle Ages) Seiphër Tōr•âh until today is a , not a . Any perusal of pre-33 C.E. Hebrew mss. demonstrates that the did not exist as part of a letter in the scribal mss. up through the 1st century C.E. Therefore, could not have been what Ribi Yᵊho•shua used as an example in The Nᵊtzâr•im Reconstruction of Hebrew Ma•ti•tᵊyâhu (NHM, in English) 5.18. As there are no Hebrew mss. of that period exhibiting written trops, it seems very probable that this was part of the Ha•lâkh•âh.

While named differently in different traditions, the most pristine – No•sakh Tei•mân – instantiates the as forward-leaning ‭ ‬ ( ֙, note the leftmost position), which stands alone, or forward-leaning ‭ ‬ ( ֨, note the centered position), which may be found alone (as in bᵊ-Reish•it 1.2 in the word ֨֙, where the conjunctive, , is followed by the disjunctive ) or paired with backward-leaning ‭ ‬ ( ֜) as to delimit a clause (i.e., ֨ ֜ – as found in the first two words of Mᵊlâkh•im Beit 1.6).

Thus, losing, or even wrongly placing, a would alter the punctuation, the reciting, the phraseology and resulting interpretation of a passage of , which would then radiate apostate implications causing extensive misinterpretations.

Confusing a (Hellenized to ιοτα) with a in an old, hand-copied and worn manuscript could be even worse.

That Ribi Yᵊho•shua used a cantillation mark as an example instantiates the antiquity of the written system. See further details in The Nᵊtzâr•im Reconstruction of Hebrew Ma•ti•tᵊyâhu (NHM, in English) note 5.18.2.

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