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Updated: 2021.03.20

אֱדוֹםPronunciation Table

וַיֵּצֵ֤א הָרִאשׁוֹן֙ אַדְמוֹנִ֔י כֻּלּ֖וֹ כְּאַדֶּ֣רֶת שֵׂעָ֑ר וַיִּקְרְא֥וּ שְׁמ֖וֹ עֵשָֽׂו׃

Chestnut ''red'' dromedary camel
Chestnut ("red") Arabian/​Syrian dromedary camel

Click to enlargeLocation of Ë•dōm about 300 yrs after Ei•sau

Ë•dōm ("clay-red"), cognate of אָדֹם—nickname of Ei•sau referencing his redness at birth, further reinforced by the pot of אָדֹם lentils for which he demonstrated his nomadic disinterest in settling down in his birthright Khë•vᵊr•ōn ranch.

Ë•dōm was further the patronym of his homeland, and that of his descendants, in what is today the southern Israeli Nëgëv, south of Bᵊeir Shëva and extending eastward, south of Yâm ha-Mëlakh, into what is today west-central Jordan. See also Har Ei•saw.

Both the region & people of Ë•dōm later became known by the name of his, infamous, grandson—A•mâ•leiq!!! (Gratefully, there are no known extant genealogical records connecting any individual Jordanians to A•mâ•leiq.)

אֱדוֹמִי, pl. אֱדוֹמִים later, Hellenized to Idumea (think Herod).

As Ei•sâu was born of the same mother as Ya•a•qov, yet became an Arab patriarch, Ei•sâu is proof that the racist argument of simply being born of a Jewish mother or having Jewish DNA isn't sufficient to make one a Jew. Abandoning Tōr•âh excludes even one born of a Jewish mother from Yi•sᵊr•â•eil and from being a Jew.

The most infamous Ë•dōm•i was the grandson of Ei•sâu: עֲמָלֵק! Remember!

Ancient Ë•dōm (later Idumea) today comprises part of the Israeli Nëgëv and southwestern Jordan. Today's Ei•dōm•im (Edomites, Idumeans) are the Arabs of Jordan.

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