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Cartouche: ''Moses'' (in original Egyptian)
Hover over glyph for xlit & xlatn
3 wolf pelts = ''M▫s'' (as in MOS[es] and [Ra]MES[es]) door-bolt = ''z''


The Glyph: Moses

Transliterated into the Hebrew alephbeit from the ancient Egyptian Moses, thereafter adopted into Hebrew in the form: משֶׁהPronunciation Table Hear it! The verb, מָשָׁה, acknowledged to be of uncertain origin, then back-developed from the name.

Still later, Moses was Hellenized in LXX as Μωσης, which was finally Anglicized to "Moses."

''m▫s'' (3 wolf pelts)
Anubis Tutankhamun Tomb wall Harvard-Getty 2001

Unlike "play glyphs," featured in many "Egyptian" websites, which merely spell English phonetically, this cartouche reads (top to bottom): "m▫s▫z" (there's no capitalization in glyphs). Glyph vowels are uncertain. Egyptologists back-redact many vowels from the way they were transliterated into other languages on the Rosetta Stone and other sources – even these rely on imprecise foreign transliterations. Consequently, scholars can only guess the vowels (e.g., Tutmoses is the same "m▫s▫z" as Rameses).

The 3 wolf pelts represented the 3 after-death essentials of Anubis – the wolf-god (inspired by the wolves that frequented the ancient tombs):

  1. prepare the body for burial (i.e. mummification),
  2. guardian of the scales (i.e. weighing the heart) and
  3. conducting the soul to celestial Tawi on the celestial Nile.

Key To Dating The Yᵊtzi•âh

Origin of the Name M▫s▫z
Terminus A Quo & Terminus Post Quem Of The Yᵊtzi•âh

The Yᵊtzi•âh didn't occur until M▫s▫z was 80. And M▫s▫z couldn't have been named his Egyptian surname of the Egyptian Par•oh until after the first Egyptian Par•oh named-m▫s▫z. Ergo, the Yᵊtzi•âh could have been no earlier than 80 years after the first Par•oh named -m▫s▫z.

The Egyptian surname suffix -m▫s▫z is most popularly associated with Egypt's 18th Dynasty, the beginning of the New Kingdom. c BCE ).

Still, although this Pharaonic surname connection to M▫s▫z corroborates the dovetailing chronologically with the early, widely fluctuating, datings of the Santorini (Thera) eruption (which seems inextricably connected somehow) long ago narrowed my search to the general time frame of the early 18th Pharaonic Dynasty, the prefix isn't finally fixed. Princess daughter of Par•oh Which-m▫s▫z? Tut-M▫s▫z? (Sr.?, Jr.?, III? IV?) Yah-M▫s▫z? Ka-M▫s▫z? Recent 14C radiocarbon dating of the dynasties are bringing us ever closer.

Congruent with the Lei•wi tribal Tōr•âh that had developed since the time of Yi•sᵊr•â•eil Bën-Yi•tzᵊkhâq, at 8 days old (before he was "drawn out of the water"), Moses' Hebrew parents, Amᵊrâm and Yō•khëvëd, named him at his Bᵊrit Mil•âh. Contrary to some interpreters, Scripture provides sufficient evidence to infer his Hebrew name.

Whereas Moses married Tzi•pōrâh, she was not a Kūsh•it. Tzi•pōrâh was the daughter of an Avrahamic, Sinai-Qein•i, kō•hein-of-Mi•dᵊyân, nomad — Yitᵊr•ō Rᵊu•eil.

Yet, Scripture records that Moses had a wife who was a Kūsh•it!

Ergo, in addition to Tzi•pōrâh, Moses also had another, different, Kūsh•it, wife!

A priori, the Scriptural reference to the בַת-פַרְעֹה named בִּתְיָה, who was married to an Israeli VIP cannot be applied to Kâ•leiv (a contemporary of Moses). In addition to no good reason for the rabbis to assume Kâ•leiv in the first place, the daughter of a Par•oh would never marry outside of the Royal Pharaonic household. Rather, to her adopted brother-husband, Egyptian Royal Pharaonic Prince Moses himself! Then we're given the Hebrew name of her Egyptian Prince husband (Moses): מָרֶד Bën-Amᵊrâm!

This, in turn, illuminates the earliest origin of the name Moses.

In his ancient Egyptian Pharaonic Royal family, each member had at least 2 names – a birth, or secular, name and a divine, religious, name. (The Par•oh also obtained a 3rd, throne name.)

The only Pharaonic Royal family name in this era ending in the theorific suffix -incarnate (-m▫s▫z), i.e. the "Son of God: [Hōrus, Isis, Ra, Tut, et al]-m▫s▫z!!!

Transliterated into Hebrew, this name was thereafter adopted from the ancient Egyptian and associated with a different, new, meaning (being drawn from water):
משֶׁהPronunciation Table Hear it!

Still later, the (adopted Egyptian) Hebrew name became Hellenized, in LXX, as Μωσης, which was finally Anglicized to "Moses."

The verb, מָשָׁה, back-developed from the name.

Syncretisms in Hellenism

Later, in Hellenism, this evolved into 3 days culminating in resurrection & rebirth; and the victory of Osiris over Anubis evolved into the victory of Christ over Sâ•tân, the angel of death.

Moses – named by Hebrews? Or An Egyptian?

In ancient times, due to the high mortality rate of newborns, Hebrew parents didn't name their babies until after they had survived 30 days, at which time, tradition held, the baby acquired a nëphësh to be named (a tradition that still continues among some Jews today).

This was certainly longer than Amᵊrâm and Yo•khëvëd could keep their baby secret from the Egyptians. Babies make noise announcing their presence. This, too, strongly suggests that Amᵊrâm and Yo•khëvëd were forced to place the baby in a basket in the Nile within a few days – and never named this baby in Hebrew.

No one seems to have noted – ever – that Scripture explicitly states that "M▫s▫z" was named not by his Hebrew parents Amᵊrâm and Yo•khëvëd, but by the Egyptian – and Egyptian speaking – princess, daughter of the Par•oh, who "drew him from the waters" of the Nile.

She called his name incarnate, as she said, 'For I drew him from the water.'
(Shᵊm•ot 2.10)

Both mean this Hebrew baby was given an Egyptian, not Hebrew, name: m▫s▫z – as in Ra-m▫s▫z (Hellenized and Anglicized to "Ra-meses"), Ah-m▫s▫z (Hellenized and Anglicized to "Ah-moses") and Tut-moses-m▫s▫z (Hellenized and Anglicized to "Tut-moses") meaning (in Egyptian) "incarnate" or "reborn." Shem named him m▫s▫z because she "drew him from the waters" of the Nile exactly as Isis drew Hōrus from the waters of the Nile!

Princess Daughter – Setting Herself Up as goddess Isis

Members of the Pharaonic family viewed themselves as incarnates of Egyptian gods.

According to the Biblical narrative, "moses" was "drawn from the waters" of the Nile, by a 12-year old Egyptian princess after being placed there by his Hebrew sister, at the direction of his Hebrew parents, to save his life. This was probably a few decades before the Yᵊtzi•âh (c BCE ). Depending upon future 14C datings, the 12 year old Egyptian princess at that time might have been the extraordinarily famous, and mysterious, Khât-shepset.

What would make Moshëh's parents think that the Egyptians would save an Israeli baby boy, whom they loathed as an inferior, from the reeds of the Nile?

Every member of the princess' Pharaonic royal family viewed themselves as embodiments of an Egyptian deity. She regarded herself as the embodiment of the Egyptian goddess Isis. According to the Egyptian religion, Isis—therefore, so, too, must the princess—recovered her son, the Egyptian god Hōrus, from the papyrus reeds along the Nile.

Biblical Precedent For Egyptian Name: Yo•seiph
Yoseiph hieroglyph Tzafenat Paeneiakh
Yo•seiph CartoucheHover over glyph for MH, xlit & xlatnTzafenet or (Djafenet) Penekh, transliterated (and interpreted) into Hebrew as Tzâfᵊnat Pa•ᵊneiakh (bᵊ-Reish•it 41.45).
Ideogram (I10): cobra in repose; Phonogram: Tz (or Dj) Ideogram (I9): horned adder; Phonogram: f Ideogram (N35): water ripple; Phonogram: n Ideogram (X1): bread loaf; Phonogram: t; logogram: fem. particle ending Ideogram (Q3): stool; Phonogram: p Ideogram (N35): water ripple; Phonogram: n Ideogram (AA1): sieve; Phonogram: kh

Ta•na"kh confirms that when Hebrews lived in the Egyptian Diaspora they went by an Egyptian name. Centuries earlier (ca. BCE 1,913) Yo•seiph was known in Egypt by his Diaspora name, transliterated (and perhaps somewhat interpreted) into Hebrew as: Tzâ•phᵊnat Pa•ᵊneiakh (bᵊ-Reish•it 41.45).

The Hebrew tradition was to not consider a baby viable until it was 30 days old, at which time it was named. Scholars who associate his name with the Hebrew verb מָשָׁה admit that it is of unknown origin. Ergo, according to the Bible account, it was the 12 year old Egyptian Pharaonic princess who named moses!

The Genius of Princess Khât-shepset

According to what practice would an Egyptian princess name her foundling, whom she claimed as her god-son (and son of god), Hōrus? Everyone in the Pharaoh's family was considered the embodiment of an Egyptian god. This embodiment of an Egyptian deity was stipulated in the Pharaonic name, which took the form "god-name-incarnate"—in Egyptian, "god-name-moses"!!! Thus, we immediately recognize the name of several pharaohs; e.g., Tut-moses. Similarly, the title Princess Khât-shepset would have given her foundling was certainly "god Hōrus-incarnate"—in Egyptian, god Hōrus-moses!!! The Hebrews, of course, refused to perpetuate the name of the idol-god, leaving us with simply "moses"—meaning "incarnate" in Egyptian.

The Egyptian Isis-Hōrus Mythology

The Nile delta was where the Egyptians believed Isis had hidden among the bulrushes with her man-god son, Hōrus. Egyptian royalty regarded themselves as diety.

When Princess Khât-shepset saw the baby in the basket woven of bulrushes she saw in this confirmation of her own diety and destiny as Par•oh of all Egypt. She must have recognized the similarity and thought "I am Isis-incarnate who has found Hōrus-incarnate: Hōrus-moses! And it was this association that A•mᵊr•âm and Yo•khëvëd had counted on. (The Nᵊtzâr•im Newsletter," 96.01, based on the BBC video documentary The Great Pyramid, Gateway to the Stars, BBC, 1994).

Khât-shepset appended to her beloved divine Hōrus-foundling the royal name patterned in her father's house—the Egyptian deity's name appended by moses.

The Greater Genius of Yo•khëvëd – and Plan of י--ה

Having lived among the Egyptians all of her life, Yo•khëvëd, the mother of Moshëh, knew the Egyptian princess' belief and, to save her son's life, planted Moshëh in a basket among the papyri in the water, among the papyri reeds, on the shore of the Nile where Princess Khât-shepset tended to her personal bathroom needs each morning.

As Yo•khëvëd had desperately risked everything, seeing the baby in the Nile, Princess Khât-shepset interpreted the infant to be Hōrus, confirming her own claims of divinity—and, as a byproduct, assigned Egyptian divinity to the infant as a god in the process.

Pharaonic Name: Hōrus-Moses

Whether as sincere belief or shrewd politics already at age 12 (or at her father's direction), she claimed the baby was Hōrus-Moses, insinuating herself, the rescuer of Hōrus-Moses, to be the most powerful goddess: Isis.

Egyptian Personal Name: Sen-en-mut

But Hōrus-moses was a Pharaonic-family title, like a last name. Just as the personal name of Tut-moses I was Ah-kheper-ka-Ra, Hōrus-moses also had an Egyptian personal name. Deducing from the records surrounding Princess Khât-shepset, only one monumental, yet otherwise mysterious and unidentified, name emerges: Sen-en-mut, who later built Khât-shepset's Mortuary Temple.

As the architect of Khât-shepset's march to the throne of Par•oh, and her power behind the throne thereafter, Sen-en-mut (Hōrus-) moses had access to all of the secrets of Egypt—including the priesthood. The name of Sen-en-mut is preserved in the burial vault beside the Temple of Khât-shepset, which is remarkable both in being empty and being similar in architectural style to the Beit ha-Mi•qᵊdâsh built centuries later in Yᵊru•shâ•layim by Shᵊlom•oh (Hellenized/dejudaized to Solomon). See the video documentary Ancient Mysteries—Queen Pharoah, The History Channel, UK.

Hōrus-moses: Prince in House of Pharaoh Tut-moses I

Moshëh was born c 80 years before . As the foundling of Princess Khât-shepset, he was raised as an adopted son, prince, and Egyptian fellow-deity in the palace of her father—Pharaoh Tut-moses I.

While Moshëh may be identical with Sen-en-mut, he is known in Hebrew records only as Moshëh. Tying Sen-en-mut to Moshëh, so far, depends upon the chronological match-up and the dovetailing of events.

Khât-shepset died c BCE , leaving her deposed nephew, Tut-moses III to assume the throne of Egypt. (Tut-moses II, briefly married to his sister Khât-shepset, died young and mysteriously – an necessary element of her march to rule?) While Tut-moses III probably resented Khât-shepset usurping his rightful rule as Par•oh, there is no evidence of it during her lifetime nor even for 20 years after her death.

What Terrible Event Caused Tut-moses III To Erase His Own Mother From Egyptian History?

20 years after her death, however, some event which occurred during, or as a consequence of, Khât-shepset's reign was such a black day in Egyptian history, so intolerably embarrassing to Egypt, that Tut-moses III found it necessary to erase all records about it, even defacing the memorials to his own mother, Khât-shepset. Tut-moses' anger was directed at 'moses' and his people—Israel, then known in Egyptian as the Habiruעִברִים (I•vᵊr•im; Hebrews).

The Yᵊtzi•âh occurred ca. B.C.E. , simultaneous with the eruption—and consequent tzunami, volcanic ash, crop failures, etc.—of Santorini (Chronology of the Tanakh, from the "Big נָטָה" Live-Link). Thus, the Par•oh of the Yᵊtzi•âh was Tut-moses III, not Ra-meses – which is based on failure to recognize that the ancient Egyptian city of Pi-Tom was later renamed by Pharaoh Ra-meses after himself – long after the Yᵊtzi•âh.

Based on the story as related in the Bible, among the Hebrews משֶׁה, filtering out the prohibited Egyptian mythology, came to refer solely to the physical "drawn from the water" instead of the original ancient Egyptian meaning of "incarnate," intended by Princess Khât-shepset.

Rainbow Rule

Pay it forward (Quote & Cite):

Yirmeyahu Ben-David. Mosez (2024.01.05). Netzar­im Jews World­wide (Ra'anana, Israel). https://www.netzarim.co.il/ (Accessed: MM DD, YYYY).

© 1996-present by Paqid Yirmeyahu Ben-David,
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