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Shᵊlâm•im,,shelem,shelamim,sh'lamim,shalemim (plural of ֶ͏‌ֽ), derived from , also the shōrësh of — completions; i.e. (pl. of) full payment in settlement or satisfaction (of a vow, a dispute or a court decision), payments of a transaction (especially demonstrating satisfaction of a vow of restitution/​tᵊshuv•âh). These were not offerings of atonement.

Shᵊlâm•im referred particularly to an ancient mi•zᵊbeiakh-grilled, kâ•sheir-animal sacrifice in satisfaction of a vow or restitutory payment of a court-imposed fine, consequent to punitive or pecuniary damages awarded by the court; i.e. tᵊshuv•âh amercement (fons et origo of the civil suit). Most of the grilled meat of shëlëm was subsequently eaten by the offeror and guest-celebrants; the breast and right hindquarter being reserved for the kō•han•im.

Banks, checks and paper currency didnt exist in antiquity. For tax purposes, a mans wealth was valuated by his livestock and crop land. Fines—not blood sacrifices—were stripped of anthropomorphism (restored to Avrahamic purity?) by Mōsh•ëh, assessed according to a mans wealth and position, type of misstep, and according to this valuation system. In todays currency, approx.

Animals Acceptable For Shᵊlâm•im 5 Types Of Shᵊlâm•im
  1. (i.e. Khag ha-Shâvū•ōt)

In NH, this means "payment," i.e., "completion" of a transaction. Due to its Hellenist anthropomorphization in Greek (LXXσωτήριος and εἰρηνικός), goy•im scholars and translators have, anthropomorphically (Hellenistically), related it to ; thereby erroneously (Hellenistically) anthropomorphizing the term to employing physical "peace"-offerings, anthropomophistically (Hellenistically) implying their familiar (Hellenist) god influenced by physical food and, therefore, physical—an idol!

However, the Aramaic Tar•gum Onkelos, precluding Hellenist anthropomorphism, is a more authoritative guide, translating as the pl. (qu•dᵊsha•yâ; holinesses; i.e., [sacrifices (pl.) of] holiness – see ).

Ergo, must be understood, not as anthropomorphically (idolatrously) offering magical, nëphësh-exchanging, blood sacrifice and blood of redemption animals as physically tempting food and aromas from the grill (mi•zᵊbeiakh) to placate, supplicate or make peace with a physical god, but, rather, as a "completing" of the payment of restitutory tᵊshuv•âh, especially for consecration – i.e., obtaining ki•pūr from ‑‑, exclusively by the khësëd of ‑‑, thereby achieving a state of . See also qârᵊbân more

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