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Hebrew Glossary: K-M

The reason this simple page of glossary definitions is ranked so popular with the search engine is because so many people click on our links to these definitions from the content in… the 'Netzarim Quarter' Village web site in Ra•a•nanâ(h), Israel at www.netzarim.co.il

The real content is in the 'Netzarim Quarter'! Click on our logo above for an exciting visit to the 'Netzarim Quarter' where you'll learn about Historical Ribi Yehoshua and his original, Jewish, followers before the great Roman-Hellenist apostasy of 135 C.E.—and even more importantly, how you (whether Jew or non-Jew) can follow the historically true, Judaic, Ribi Yehoshua. In Hebrew, his original followers were called the Netzarim (Hellenized to "Nazarenes").

Until Paqid Yirmeyahu researched the Netzarim name and sect and began publishing about it in 1972 in The Nᵊtzâr•im Reconstruction of Hebrew Ma•ti•tᵊyâhu (NHM, in English) no one in modern times was even aware of the name Netzarim. It stretches credulity that no one in modern times had heard of the Netzarim until Paqid Yirmeyahu published it in 1972… and then, suddenly, everybody figured it out??? Check (and verify) the dates of the earliest works about the Netzarim by the others and you'll see that they are deceiver-plagiarists. Then insist on the person whom ha-Sheim selected to entrust the knowledge, not imposters who falsely call their continuing practice of Displacement Theology "Nazarene Judaism" or directly plagiarize the name "Netzarim."

Because we teach and practice the authentic Judaic teachings of Ribi Yehoshua—not Displacement Theology—we are the only group who have restored the Netzarim to be accepted in the legitimate Jewish community in Israel—genuinely like Ribi Yehoshua and the original Netzarim. Consequently, the 'Netzarim Quarter' is the only web site of legitimate Netzarim / Nazarene Judaism.

Give all the friends you've ever known the chance to know about this exciting site; send them our web site address (www.netzarim.co.il) that opens modern eyes for the first time to the Judaic world that Ribi Yehoshua and his original Netzarim knew, practiced and taught.

Καιαφας [Updated: 2011.06.22]

(Kai•aphas, popularly Caiaphas)

Ossuary of  (Qâphâ; Caiaphas) Ossuary of    (Y'hoseiph Bar Qayâphâ; Caiaphas)

Roman-appointed Hellenist-Tzᵊdoq•i ("Sadducee"!) High Priest.

Since his name is grammatically unrelated to (Shim•on) "", his Hellenist name probably did not derive directly from despite the conjecture of later commentators who speculated that his Hellenist name might have derived from (Qa•yaph; a mocking portmanteau, coined by the Pᵊrush•im, of and qoph; monkey; compare Mishnâh pâr•âh iii. 5; Derenbourg, "Essai sur I'Histoire de la Palestine," p. 215, note 2; Schürer, "Gesch." 3d ed., ii. 218; Josephus, "Antiquities of the Jews," xviii. 2, 2; Jewish Ency.) Certainly, their family name did not derive from Pᵊrush•i mockery.

Consulting Jastrow's Aramaic Dictionary, –the name on the less-ornate Caiaphas ossuary–is the root verb meaning "to be on top, to float on the surface."

For more details, click on the less-ornate ossuary.


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Καισαρεια [Updated: 2011.04.03]

Keisariyah Promontory Palace
2001.04 Keisariyah Promontory Palace

Kai•sarei•a; transliterated into Hebrew as (Qei•sârᵊyâh), Anglicized to Caesarea; Hellenist "Caesar City" built by the Εd•om•i king, Herod the Great, for the Roman occupiers on the coast of present-day Israel, midway between modern Tel Aviv and Kheiphâh (Anglicized to Haifa).


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Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2010.04.29]

kâ•nâph wing.

  • pl. (kᵊnâph•ayim; wings),

  • connective - (kᵊnaph-; a wing of…),

  • pl. connective - (kan•phei-; wings of…).


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Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2010.07.18]

Kaparot (Black hat Ultra-Orthodox / Khabad)
Kaparot (Ultra-Orthodox / Khareidim - black felt kipah)

Ka•pâr•ot; ritual sacrifice of a chicken (though practitioners deny it is a sacrifice) before Yom ha-Ki•pur•im, practiced only by some (not all) Ultra-Orthodox (and no mainstream Orthodox), by swinging it above one's head to absorb the demonic aura of tâ•mei, then slaughtering the chicken according to shᵊkhit•âh, cooking it (during which the demonic aura of tâ•mei is destroyed by fire on the family stove and dissipated in its vapors) and eating it. This constitutes a "private altar" sacrifice prohibited in Dᵊvâr•im 12.8-27. See, also, our glossary entry for cognate ki•pur supplemented by our explanatory discussion of ki•pur.
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Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2006.04.27]

ka•porët; expiating cover (see also cognate ki•pur).
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Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2013.04.09]

kâ•reit; a cutting-out, hewing-out, engraving, inscribing or excising (by cutting or hewing out from stone or wood); the noun, excision, derives from the verb (kâ•rat; he cut out, hewed out, engraved, inscribed, excised, cut off, cut down). This verb is used to describe engraving (popularly misrendered "sealing") a bᵊrit—implying in stone. more


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Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2017.06.23]

Eizov / karpas - Hellenized to hyssop (Salvia palaestina); Syrian oregano, Israel sage flower spike, inspiration for Menorah Eizov / karpas - Hellenized to hyssop (Salvia palaestina); Syrian oregano, Israel sage leaves
Click to enlarge (PBH ) – Hellenized to "hyssop", Syrian oregano, Israeli sage (Salvia palaestina), flower spike – inspiration for Mᵊnor•âh / PBH – Hellenized to "hyssop", Syrian oregano, Israeli sage (Salvia palaestina), leaves (fresh, not ground, oregano)

ka•rᵊpas, BH ; Hellenized by transliteration to "hyssop"; Later assimilated in surrounding Tᵊphutz•âh cultures as PBH: parsley. Further assimilated in surrounding Tᵊphutz•âh cultures – and thereafter brought back to the modern state of Yi•sᵊr•â•eil – as MH: celery.

Incorporated into the original Pësakh Seidër, was dipped in red wine vinegar to commemorate the original Pësakh dipping the in blood (to spatter it onto the mᵊzuz•ot so that Par•oh's soldiers, checking to carry out Par•oh's decree, would assume the male firstborns in that house had been sacrificed and would, therefore, pësakh – skip-over – the house without checking further). This is also why no evidence of the deception (leftover meat, bones, innards or skin) could remain in the morning. Every part of the evidence had to be eaten, or burned in the fire, that evening. Thus ‑‑ delivered Bᵊn•ei-Yi•sᵊrâ•eil from Par•oh's decree.


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Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2006.04.27]

(certificate of fitness - dairy only)   -
Typical Certificate of Kash•rut:
Khâ•lâv•i
(certificate of fitness - meat only)   -
Typical Certificate of Kash•rut:
Bᵊsâr•i

kâ•sheir; fit for use (Hellenized to "kosher"); from (kâ•shar; he/it was fit, qualified). Also (ka•shᵊr•ut; the topic of what is and isn't kâ•sheir).

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Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2006.04.27]

ka•wân•âh; directed intention, meaning, "the state of mental concentration and devotion at prayer and during the performance of mitzvot… clearly referred to by… [Yᵊsha•yâhu 29.13]… Kawânâh in Mitzwot This is defined as the intention of the person performing the action to do so with the explicit intention of fulfilling the religious injunction which commands the action." ("Kavvanah," Ency. Jud., 10.852).


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Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2016.11.14]

kâ•vōd; gravitas (from gravity), respect, honor. When used of --, Kâ•vōd generally refers to the Shᵊkhin•âh.

Cognate (kâ•veid) – heavy, weighty, grave (from gravity), burdensome, onerous.


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Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2006.04.27]

Keiphâ, "rocky-cliff." In English, this would parallel, today, Shim•on "Rocky" or Shim•on "Cliff." Shim•on "Keiphâ" Bar-Yonâh, the Nᵊtzâr•im Jew, was distorted and perverted subsequent to 135 C.E. into the polar opposite and antithetical Hellenized (i.e., Christianized) image of "Simon Peter."


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Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2006.04.27]

Kᵊna•an Hellenized to "Canaan"


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-Pronunciation TableHear it! [Updated: 2006.04.27]


Beit K'nesset Moreshet Avot, Raanana
Beit ha-Kᵊnësët Mo•rëshët Âv•ot – Yad Nâ•âm•i, Ra•a•nanâ(h)

Beit ha-Kᵊnësët; pl. - (bât•ei-kᵊnësët); "house of assembly," widely abbreviated " – Hellenized to συναγωγη (su•na•gō, Anglicized to "synagogue"). Israel's congress or parliament is called the Kᵊnësët. ("Shul" is Yiddish, an example of assimilation to German culture, to be avoided.)

The origins of the beit ha-kᵊnësët developed in the continuing religious worship—tᵊphil•âh, reading of Scripture and dᵊrash—after the prohibition of sacrifices in the local shrines, antedating the Beit-ha-Mi•qᵊdâsh hâ-Rish•on (Mᵊlâkh•im Beit 22-23). The development of the beit ha-kᵊnësët surged with the Exile to Bâ•vël (Yᵊkhëz•qeil 11.16; 8.6, 14.1; 20.1).

Bât•ei-kᵊnësët were typically very small and, by the first century C.E., numbered between 300 and 500 in Yᵊru•shâ•layim alone, including one on Har ha-Bayit (Sot. 7.7-8)!

The function of the beit ha-kᵊnësët as a center not only for tᵊphil•âh and dᵊrash, but as the all-embracing communal social center, dates from the earliest period (Ency. Jud., 15.583).

The beit ha-kᵊnësët is the proper place for Jews to "assemble" for all matters Judaic.


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Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2014.12.21]

Kᵊphâr, village (-ville) or town; most often seen in the combinative form: □- (Kᵊphar-□) and spelled K'far – e.g., Kᵊphar Na•khum (Village of Na•khum, Na•khumville; Na•khumtown; Hellenized to Capernaum) or K'far Saba (Village of Grandpa, Grandpaville, Grampatown) and the like.


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Pronunciation Table [pdated: 2017.05.21]

kᵊphir; a male yearling lion whose mane is first beginning to grow in – the time when a male lion is expelled from the pride to find a mate and start their own pride.


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Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2008.06.12]

kᵊruv, plural (kᵊruv•im) of uncertain origin and meaning; most likely refers to the early middle-eastern (Egyptian & Mesopotamian) prototype of the later Hellenist name—"sphinx." Anglicized to "cherub" and "cherubim".

Keruv Left Assyria 9th or 8th century Ivory
Kᵊruv: Assyria BCE 9th-8th century, Ivory

"Hōr-em-akht (Horus in the horizon)—Hellenized, millennia later, and misleadingly called the Great "Sphinx" (a cognate of "sphincter," meaning "strangler"). Beyond a few cosmetic similarities to Greek statues of millennia later, the Greek meaning of "strangler" has nothing to do with the much earlier ancient Egyptian statues. Hōr-em-akht originally represented Hōrus, god of the dawn, with the head of a ram (the guardian against the demons of the netherworld) on the body of a lion (the guardian of Ra). [An enterprising pharaoh, perhaps followed by successive pharaohs, resculpted the head of "The Sphinx" to depict his own face (resulting in a head disproportionately small); a pattern imitated by kings of other middle-eastern and Mesopotamian countries.]

"Two sculptures of Hōr-em-akht, back to back guarding the comings and goings of Ra, symbolized the rule of the universe. The Egyptian Hōr-em-akht statues bear a far closer resemblance to the kᵊruv•im (corrupted to cherubim) and sᵊrâph•im described by Yᵊkhëz•qeil (1 & 10) and Yᵊsha•yâhu (6). See also, inter alia, Ancient Mysteries, Guardian of the Ages: The Great Sphinx, A&E Television Networks and The History Channel, 1996." (The Mirrored Sphinxes, Yi•rᵊmᵊyâhu Bën-Dâvid, 2007).


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Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2007.09.14]

kᵊtiv, "written" form of a word in Tor•âh; as contrasted against the qᵊrei form.


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Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2006.06.28]

ketubah
Kᵊtub•âh

kᵊtub•âh a writing, specifically, a marriage contract. Plural is kᵊtub•ot.



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Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2006.04.27]

Kᵊtuv•im writings (Books of Ta•na"kh other than Tor•âh shë-bikh•tâv and Nᵊviy•im)


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Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2010.05.20]

keves - sheep
Kvâs•im

Këvës; one sheep, a sheep (sing.), (ki•vᵊs•âh; an ewe), (kvâs•im; sheep pl.). Compare & contrast with ayil, tal•ëh, eiz, tzon, and sëh.


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"Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2012.07.19]

Kha•bad; popularly, Chabad—acronym for (khâ•khᵊm•âh; sagacity – as in sage, wisdom), (bin•âh; understanding) and (daat; knowledge).

Thus, although " identifies with an Ultra-Orthodox view of modern Kha•sid•im (who are traditionally irrationalists), the three pillars forming the foundation of " imply their strong leaning toward a rationalist approach of Ram•ba"m to spirituality—an approach to which the Nᵊtzâr•im – Biblical (logical Orthodox), not Ultra-Orthodox – Kha•sid•im readily relate.


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Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2006.04.27]

Khag; pl. (Tei•mân•i pronunciation: khaj•im; Israeli pronunciation: khag•im); pilgrimage(s) to Har ha-Bayit in Yᵊru•shâ•layim; eroded after 135 C.E. to mean "festival" or "feast." This is the term from which Arabic and Islam plagiarized "haj."


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Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2006.04.27]

Khaj•ai; "My pilgrimages" tenth of the twelve minor Nᵊviy•im in Ta•na"kh, de-Judaized (Hellenized) to 'Haggai.'


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Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2010.07.15]

Khâ•khâm; sagacious, wise, intelligent, prudent, shrewd, learned; a Sage. Pl. (kha•khâm•im; Sages)


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Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2017.08.25]

khai•yim; life, live, living (usually found in the collective plural, lit. "lives").

This term is often used in the phrase (mayim khaiy•im; lit. "living water") to describe running or flowing—i.e. "live"—water (in a spring, brook or stream), preferred for drinking, in contrast to still or stagnant water (in a container, cistern or pool), which is unfit to drink. In the arid Middle East, where potable water is closely associated with maintaining life, mayim khaiyim also has the connotation of rejuvenating or "life-giving water."

Khaiyim is also a masculine name (for a name, the accent moves to the penultimate, in this case first, syllable).

(kha•yâh; living being, animal, beast; anything that would have appeared to ancients to move of its own volition – would have included an animated carving or idol, modern clock, fan, automobile, train, airplane, robot, etc.); plural (kha•yōt; living beings, animals, beasts, robots).


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Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2011.08.26]

Pitah Iraqit (haShipudia)
Ërëv Shab•ât: Pitâh I•raq•it (ha-Shi•pudi•a Restaurant, Yᵊru•shâ•layim)
/ (khallâh/pitâ)
Shab•ât noon: Qu•bânâh (popularly corrupted "Kubaneh"; i.e., Khal•âh Tei•mân•it), with baked egg in shell.

khal•âh, plural (khal•ot); originally referring to the portion of the refined wheat bread commanded to be set aside–from the start of one's dough–and given to the Ko•hein (bᵊ-Mi•dᵊbar 15.20). Today, khal•ot are kâ•sheir loaves of bread; i.e., loaves from which those portions have been removed, with the recitation of the proper bᵊrâkh•âh before forming and baking, and those portions burned.

Post-15th century Germanic braided khallâh; see wa-Yiqra 18.3; Devarim 13.1; 18.9; Yehoshua 23.6-8; Yirmeyahu 10According to author Gil Marks, until the 15th century, all Jews used their weekday rectangular loaves or round loaves for Shab•ât. Eventually, however, German (Ash•kᵊnazi) Jews began assimilating a "new form of Sabbath bread, an oval, braided loaf modeled on a popular Teutonic bread" ("The World of Jewish Cooking," 276). Over time this non-Judaic shape became the most commonly used in Ash•kᵊnazi culture. The more pristine Tei•mân•im (and, therefore, Nᵊtzâr•im), Mi•zᵊrakhim and Sephardic communities, by contrast, still use either a round flat bread or plain rectangular loaves for their khal•ot . The Ash•kᵊnazi khal•ot should be eschewed; however, if the only kâ•sheir khal•ot are Ash•kᵊnazi then they will suffice.

If a "challah" (or "hallah," etc.) has not been baked in a kâ•sheir bakery (which could be your home if your kitchen is kâ•sheir and you know how to set aside the portion in accordance with Ha•lâkh•âh), then it is not khal•âh, regardless what it looks like or how it is labeled or advertised.

Ha•lâkh•âh permits that Khal•ot may be made of any kâ•sheir flour and, contrary to Ash•kᵊnazi Germanic tradition, may be flat-bread as well as egg-based and yeast-risen fluffy (except during Khag ha-Matz•ot, of course).

Khal•ot are eaten on Shab•ât and holy days. Two khal•ot (loaves of khal•âh) are placed on the table (recalling the double portion of manna), over which the bᵊrâkh•âh is recited. Traditionally, they are covered until the bᵊrâkh•âh so that learning children won't mistake which bᵊrâkh•âh belongs to the wine and which to the khal•ot.


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Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2006.04.27]

khâ•lâv; dairy, milk ("Milchik" is Yiddish, a corruption of German assimilation)


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Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2014.04.11]

 (khâ•meitzꞋ)  breads & pastries

khâ•meitz (corrupted to "chomets" and "hummets").

Ancient Israel & Biblical definition:

  1. all dough (and foods produced from it), other than , that is

  2. made from The Five Species.

is a subset of .

However, modern rabbis contravening Dᵊvâr•im 13.1 (and mindless followers contravening Shᵊm•ot 23.2) have expanded the list of products to include pages of listings – from condiments to ice cream, dish-washing soap, hand soap, bath soap, kitchen cleaning products,, water softeners, lipstick, toothpaste, coffee, soft drinks… This is the inescapable, ex falso quodlibet, result of insisting on the false premise that the Sages cannot have been mis­tak­en. So the rabbis concluded that Moses erred! Roll eyes

Scripture prohibits the universal Orthodox (and Ultra-Orthodox) practice of placing offending products in a cupboard or closet that is then taped closed… The sub­se­quent, – sham "sale" – at a symbolic price, to a gentile cannot override the Scriptural prohibition… more


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Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2014.11.28]

Kha•mish•i; fifth, from (khâ•meish; five {fem.}). (Frequently used to denote the 5th day of the week.) The book containing the five books of Tor•âh is called a (Khu•mâsh). Intriguingly, to be armed is (khu•mash), to arm is (khi•meish), and one Biblical term for stomach is (kho•mësh) – food for the soul, the Bread of Life.


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or Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2008.06.30]

Khanukiyah

Kha•nuk•âh; dedication, particularly of the Beit-ha-Mi•qᵊdâsh ha-Shein•i; popularly corrupted to Hannukah, Chanukah, etc. De-judaized (Hellenized) in the NT (Jn 10.22) to the Greek εγκαινια (egkainia; dedication), to "feast of dedication." See the full account and details in our Calendar page link: More info/details.

(Kha•nuk•iyâh; originally Kha•nuk•âh oil-lamp, modern Kha•nuk•âh candelabra)


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Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2006.04.27]

khan•ut; shop or shoppe


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Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2012.01.29]

khâ•nan; to be gracious, to issue graciousness; cognate (khein; graciousness); origin of Christian-perverted (idolized) "grace."

See also (mâ•khal) and (sâ•lakh).


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Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2017.02.19]

Khareidim anti-Zionists (Umm Al-Fahm 2010)
Haredi(m) anti-Zionists (Umm Al-Fahm 2010)

Ultra-Orthodox (pl. ; popularly corrupted to "Haredim").

Fanatic descendants (both Ash•kᵊnazim and Sᵊphâ•râd•­im) of 1st century C.E. Hellenist Tzᵊdoq•im who were expelled by the Hellenist Romans from Judaea in 70 C.E. & 135 C.E. Being Hellenist themselves, it was only the Tzᵊdoq•im who fled to Europe – then a Hellenist-friendly part of the Roman Empire. (The Pᵊrush•im, who were the anti-​Hellenists, fled to non-Hellenist regions either in the Levant outside of Judea or outside of the Hellenist Roman Empire: Asia and Africa – and are now the Eid•ōt ha-Mi•zᵊrakh.)

Largely as a result of Dark Ages, Medieval-era – and even more recent – European persecutions having origins in the Christian Church, the mindset of these descendants of the Tzᵊdoq•im in Europe ossified into the current, archaic collection of combative, anti-science, Dark Ages mysticism and superstitions characteristic of the early Church. While their dress varies according to the individual cult of Ultra-Orthodoxy, practically all Ultra-Orthodox exhibit some elements of Medieval or pre-WW-II European clothing styles, language (Yiddish) – and science-illiterate, stunted intellect.

While the outside world views the odd assortment of often peculiar black hats, black suits, and sidelocks hanging from over the ears of Haredi(m) as the archetypal "Jew," in fact, the term Haredi(m) has only relatively recently (not Biblically) been hi-jacked by this relatively small, hodge-podge collection of Ultra-Orthodox fringe extremists, who are morbidly different from legitimate – moderate and tolerant – Orthodox Jews.

Although Haredi(m) are only a tiny fraction of Israeli or world Jews, their free time, combined with their absolute zombie-like, virtually idolatrous worship of their Ultra-Orthodox rabbis, makes them highly active, vocal and visible when orchestrated by their Ultra-Orthodox Haredi(m) rabbis; generating public awareness (irritation and blowback) of their extremist ways far above the majority of Jews – who are busy at their jobs, working for a living.

Orthodox Jews, in contrast to the Ultra-Orthodox Haredi(m) fringe extremists, are moderate, and dress normally (though most wear a knitted, not-black, kip•âh) and are known as Orthodox-nationalist or "knitted kip•âh" Israeli Jews. more


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Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2009.04.02]

Kha•rosët; see (duk•eih).


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Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2017.08.25]

kha•shᵊmal; ; Biblical, as opposed to modern, meaning: "shining substance, alloy of gold and silver"; i.e., electrum, probably associated with the color of a lightning bolt.

The word wasn't used in the sense of "electricity," probably named after electrum, until the late 1800s. further info


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Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2006.04.27]

Khash•mo•nâ•im (Hellenized to 'Hasmoneans'), the title of the Ma•kab•im (Hellenized to "Maccabees").


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Cartouche: i-mun-n akhenem-khat-t shepsi-t
Cartouche: birth name of Khat-shepsetHover cursor over glyphs for translation (read in 3 rows, top to bottom and as ideograms face: {i-mun-n} {akhenem-khat-t} {shepsi-t-[3 vertical strokes]} (Amun-akhenem Khat-shepset} ("Amun-born, Foremost of Noble-Overseers"); photo of her obelisk at Karnak temple.
Glyph: phonogram i/y (papyrus reed) Glyph: phonogram mn (a senat game board) Glyph: phonogram n (water ripples) Glyph: phonogram khat (lion's right forequarter; foremost) Glyph: phonogram t (a loaf of bread), probably a fem. indicator ending Glyph: phonogram akhenem (stone nekhnem [oil] pitcher; poured out, having given birth) Glyph: ideogram multiple, plural indicator (three vertical strokes), not pronounced Glyph: phonogram sheps (seated noble-blood holding flail; noble-overseer) Glyph: phonogram t (a loaf of bread), probably a fem. indicator ending

[Updated: 2012.12.17]

Khat-shepset; "Foremost of Noble-Overseers" (looks like a picture, and it is, but cartouche at left is the name, in ancient Egyptian hieroglyph: "Khat-shepset" – not Arabic (post-Islam "Egyptian"), Hebrew or English letters; see caption for details).

Cartouche: Khat-shepset apotheotic name
Cartouche: apotheotic name of Khat-shepset

Maat-ka-Ra


Hover cursor over glyphs for translation(Red Chapel wall, Karnak).

more

Glyph: ideogam Ra (Egyptian supreme sun god), solar disk Glyph (S39): ideogam [not pronounced] shepherd's crook scepter (ruler indicator) Glyph: ideogam maat (order, justice, truth), seated woman with one knee up Glyph: ideogam ka (soul, psyche), bull horns or raised arms
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Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2006.04.27]

Kha•va•quq; embrace; derived from (khi•buq; hug or embrace), is thought to be related to Mᵊlâkh•im Beit 4:16 ("she will embrace a son"). Kha•va•quq is the eighth of the twelve minor Nᵊviy•im in Ta•na"kh (de-Judaized to Habakkuk).


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Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2006.04.27]

Khâ•veir; Biblical usage: associate, fellow, comrade, member – in contradistinction from a foreigner, gentile or goy•im; plural khâ•veir•im

"Friend," by comparison, more accurately reflects (yâ•did), often inaccurately exaggerated to "beloved"; see Dâ•wid


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Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2006.04.27]

Kha•vᵊr•utâ; PBH company, companionship, society—yᵊshivâh slang: "learning companion." See our Kha•vᵊr•utâ "Distance Learning Companion" Syllabus by clicking the appropriate Ministry in our navigation panel at left—Absorption [only for Jews recognized by Orthodox rabbis] or Foreign [all others]—where you'll find the Kha•vᵊr•utâ link.

A male candidate in our Kha•vᵊr•utâ is a (kha•vᵊr•â). A female candidate in our Kha•vᵊr•utâ is a (kha•vë•rᵊ•tâ). Candidates (plural) in our Kha•vᵊr•utâ are (kha•vᵊr•a•yâ).


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Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2008.02.12]

kha•vur•âh, pl. kha•vur•ot; PBH company, party, association; a band or small group of people. Colloquially, a small religious fellowship, generally focused on tᵊphil•âh and Tor•âh study.


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Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2008.07.29]

Khaw•âh; possibly originally ; copyists somewhere along the line may have confused the with a . Later Hellenized to "Eve."


Mitochondrial Eve, ca. BCE 125,000 (bradshawfoundation.com)
Meet Every Human's Mom

Mitochondrial Eve – by Professor Stephen Oppenheimer, Institute of Human Sciences, Oxford University

Mother of all humans lived 200,000 years ago Rice [Univ.] statisticians confirm date of 'mitochondrial Eve' with new method

HOUSTON – (Aug. 17, 2010) – The most robust statistical examination to date of our species' genetic links to "mitochondrial Eve" – the maternal ancestor of all living humans – confirms that she lived about 200,000 years ago. The Rice University study was based on a side-by-side comparison of 10 human genetic models that each aim to determine when Eve lived using a very different set of assumptions about the way humans migrated, expanded and spread across Earth.

The research is available online in the journal Theoretical Population Biology. more

See also Ä•dâm


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Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2006.06.13]

Khein; graciousness or grace, tracks, via LXX, to χαρις (kharis; grace). A Ruakh khein is promised in Zᵊkhar•yâh 12.10.


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Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2016.04.21]

Kheirëm; a segregation due to an individual devoting himself or herself for special service to a deity (including an idol), devoting an animal (which must be kâ•sheir to comply with Tor•âh) for qor•bân, or a declaration of exclusionary segregation for—or from—such service or deity (i.e., excommunication, ban, banishment, boycott, embargo). The modern term, "harem," derives from this term.


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Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2010.07.04]

kheit, a misstep, petty offense or transgression against Tor•âh; pl. (khat•â•im).

(kha•tâ) is a misstepper, fem. (kha•tâ•âh), pl. (khat•â•im; missteppers).

(khat•ât) is a misstep cum sacrifice, i.e. the sacrifice for a .

(khit•ei)–he offered a (misstep-sacrifice).

These are all cognates formed from the verb (khât•â; he misstepped, missed the mark).

Compare and contrast with a•won and pësha, all three of which Christians popularly confused together under the amorphous term "sin."


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Pronunciation TableΚλωπας [Updated: 2011.04.04]

Khëlëph; Hellenized to Κλωπας ("Klopas"; then Anglicized to "Clopas").

Greek names mixed with Hebrew names of the ossuary inscriptions in the Talpiot Tomb and Har ha-Zeit•im ossuary complexes demonstrate that, particularly consequent to the crucifixion of Ribi Yᵊho•shua, the Nᵊtzâr•im′  Yᵊhud•im′ —and even the family—were forced to lower their profile, under the radar of both their Hellenist Roman occupiers and Hellenist pseudo-Tzᵊdoq•im informers, downplaying their royal Davidic lineage, concealing their identity as Nᵊtzâr•im′  and even becoming known publicly by Greek names.


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Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2010.08.17]

khësëd; (loving)kindness. One who practices khësëd is a (Khâ•sid; one who is lovingkind), pl. (Kha•sid•im, Hellenized to "hasidim" and even "chasidim").

Modern "Hasidim," which Sheim-Tov began in the 18th century C.E., was apparently an attempt to imbue the iy-ra•tzᵊyon•âlim (popular during the lifetime of Ram•ba"m and led ultimately to the 13th century mysticism of Qa•bâl•âh) with the authenticity, reputation and imprimatur of the ancient Kha•sid•im, who are documented at least as early as the time of Dâ•wid ha-lëkh (click "further info" icon for documentation). Thus, today's Kha•sid•im, primarily represented by ", are iy-ra•tzᵊyon•âlim—opposite to both Ram•ba"m and the ancient Kha•sid•imfurther info


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() 'Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2008.02.12]

Khëvᵊr•ëh, (military) Company!, (slang) Guys!


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Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2006.04.27]

Khë•vᵊr•on, see suffix -ōn; Hellenized to "Hebron."


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Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2008.04.02]

Khilazon - Murex trunculus (encyclopedie-universelle.com)
Khilazon – Murex trunculus (encyclopedie-universelle.com)

Khi•lâz•on, snail, slug, gastropod—technically excluding the cuttlefish (which is a cephalopod) argued by one of the two contemporary rabbinic schools; the Talmudically-defined source of tᵊkheilët dye. In Talmudic times, however, perhaps it referred to all mollusks. (See the Tei•mân•i Judaica Shoppe, in the Mall.)

More specifically - (khël•zon hâ-ar•gâ•mân; Murex trunculus, lit. purple [dye] snail).



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Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2010.09.12]

Tei•mân•i condiment made from Basic recipe (tinker & refine to taste):

khilbe
  • 2 Tsp

  • ½ tsp green or red – usually green – skhug (to make green or red )

  • Purée of 1 fresh ripe tomato

  • Salt to taste

Check properly, then grind the seeds to a very fine powder. Add boiling water to ground and cover; let it sit until thickened, at least for 3 hours. Drain well. Then beat with a wire whisk

To conserve the for a few days, warm it over fire, stirring continuously, bring to a boil, remove scum and cool.

Add lemon juice, salt, lots of garlic to taste, grated tomato purée, either red or green skhug to taste and mix well. For green , use green skhug and leave out the tomato purée.


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Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2008.09.15]

khi•lul ha-Sheim; treating the Name as ordinary or routine (i.e., failing to accord proper sanctity to the Name), profaning the Name, secularizing the Name, any "diminution" of the Name; the antonym of Qi•dush ha-Sheim.

Note that this encompasses immensely more than the narrow concept of "defamation." One can be guilty of khi•lul ha-Sheim without ever "defaming" or "blaspheming" the Name, merely by falling short of performing Qi•dush ha-Sheim—thereby "diminishing" His kâ•vod. Ha•lâkh•âh considers any consciously rebellious act against ha-Sheim as khi•lul ha-Sheim (Maim. Yad, Yᵊsodei ha-Torâh 5.10).

These counter-balancing pillars, khi•lul ha-Sheim and, lᵊ-hav•dil, Qi•dush ha-Sheim, constitute one of the most significant concepts in Tor•âh, based on wa-Yi•qᵊr•â 22.31-32. See also Qi•dush ha-Sheim.


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Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2017.08.20]

CURRENT MOON

khōdësh, m.n. new. Referring to the moon as new (i.e. the new lunar month) is understood; i.e., popularly "month". Typically spelled to distinguish it from the adj. (khâ•dâsh; new).

"Moon," specifically, in Hebrew, is (yâ•reiakh) and is often referred to by its feminine metonym (lᵊvân•âh; a white object).

The first day of the new lunar month is

The Biblical names of months (Firstmonth through Twelfthmonth) became assimilated by Babylonian Jews, who assimilated the Babylonian names (Ni•sân, …) so thoroughly that even the earliest texts of Ta•na"kh were compelled to include the Babylonian names to ensure clarity in important dates:

Pre-Babylonian Assimilation Biblical Month Names
  1. ׳-׳ , ׳״ corrupted to Bâ•vᵊl•i: ‎ (30 days) — begins with early spring new moon

  2. ׳-״ , ׳״ corrupted to Bâ•vᵊl•i: ‎ (29 days; following month begins with 2-day Rōsh Khōdësh) — begins with mid-spring new moon

  3. ׳-׳ , ׳״ corrupted to Bâ•vᵊl•i: ‎ (30 days) — begins with late spring new moon

  4. ׳-״ , ׳״ corrupted to Bâ•vᵊl•i: ‎ (29 days; following month begins with 2-day Rōsh Khōdësh — begins with early summer new moon

  5. ׳-׳ , ׳״ corrupted to Bâ•vᵊl•i: ‎ (30 days) — begins with mid-summer new moon

  6. ׳-״ , ׳״ corrupted to Bâ•vᵊl•i: ‎ (29 days; following month begins with 2-day Rōsh Khōdësh) begins with late summer new moon

  7. ׳-׳ , ׳״ corrupted to Bâ•vᵊl•i: ‎ (30 days) — begins with early autumn new moon

  8. ׳-״ , ׳״ corrupted to Bâ•vᵊl•i: ‎ (29 days; following month begins with 2-day Rōsh Khōdësh) — begins with mid-autumn new moon

  9. ׳-״/׳ , ׳״ corrupted to Bâ•vᵊl•i: ‎ (30 or 29 days: in years when 29 days, following month begins with 2-day Rōsh Khōdësh) — begins with late autumn new moon

  10. ׳-״ , ׳״ corrupted to Bâ•vᵊl•i: ‎ (29 days; (following month begins with 2-day Rōsh Khōdësh) — begins with early winter new moon

  11. ׳-׳ - , ׳״ corrupted to Bâ•vᵊl•i: ‎ (30 days) — begins with mid-winter new moon

  12. ׳-״ - , ׳״ corrupted to Bâ•vᵊl•i: ‎ (29 days; following month begins with 2-day Rōsh Khōdësh) — begins with late winter new moon


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Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2016.07.05]

khol; pl. (khul•in); ordinary, unremarkable, mundane, commonplace, regular, routine, secular, profane


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/ Pronunciation Table Hear it! [Updated: 2006.04.27]

khoq; pl. and connective pl. , from verbal shōrësh ; BH: legislated law of the Beit Din as "engraved in stone" (in contrast with Biblical case law mi•shᵊpât of the Beit Din).

, and pl. , are passive verb forms.

Anomalously, Hebrew conveys more precisely than English the sense of legal and lawful v illegal and unlawful, which, in reality, is relative to legislated-law: v  

A legislative body or parliament is a beit ha-, overseeing (making the ) – but the parliament in Israel is the Kᵊnësët – yet a beit kᵊnësët is where Orthodox Jews assemble to pray. What can ya do?

In MH, means "constitution." In BH, there was no appreciable distinction between the masc. and fem. forms of these nouns.


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Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2006.04.27]

Khoreiv; desolate. (Har Khoreiv; Mount[ain of the] Desolate).

The location and identity of this mountain, like the location and identity of Har Sin•ai itself, are uncertain. In early Hebrew, the names could easily have become corrupted either to (Har Khar•oz; ≈4km [≈2½ mi] NE of Har Kar•kom) or to (Har Khad•ar; ≈27km [≈17 mi] NE of Har Kar•kom).

Because of its proximity to the neighboring Har Kar•kom (the probable modern identity of Har Sin•ai), it was a metonym for Har Sin•ai; Hellenized and de-Judaized to "Mt. Horeb."


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Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2017.01.30]

"Gravity (?) of Mi•shᵊpât," a gold frame in which were set 12 gems engraved with the names of the Twelve Tribes. In the pouch behind this piece, the were kept. The was fastened to an woven from threads of gold, tᵊkheilët, purple and scarlet that was worn by the Ko•hein ha-Jâ•dol. It's called "breastplate" (or "chest piece") only because it was worn on the chest. No one today knows what meant or its derivation.

 (baREQet=malachite, green tourmaline or emerald):  (LeiWIY)  (pit'DAH=citrine topaz):  (ShimON)  (ODem=carnelian-sard):  (R'uVEIN) Right: , Targum: – ‭ ‬ Proto-Sinaitic Hebrew: Nun, © 2007 Yirmeyahu Ben-DavidProto-Sinaitic Hebrew: Beit, © 2007 Yirmeyahu Ben-DavidProto-Sinaitic Hebrew: Waw, © 2007 Yirmeyahu Ben-DavidProto-Sinaitic Hebrew: Aleph, © 2007 Yirmeyahu Ben-DavidProto-Sinaitic Hebrew: Resh, © 2007 Yirmeyahu Ben-David
Center: , Targum: – ‭ ‬Proto-Sinaitic Hebrew: Nun, © 2007 Yirmeyahu Ben-DavidProto-Sinaitic Hebrew: Waw, © 2007 Yirmeyahu Ben-DavidProto-Sinaitic Hebrew: Ayin, © 2007 Yirmeyahu Ben-DavidProto-Sinaitic Hebrew: Mem, © 2007 Yirmeyahu Ben-DavidProto-Sinaitic Hebrew: Shin, © 2007 Yirmeyahu Ben-David
Left: , Targum: – ‭ ‬Proto-Sinaitic Hebrew: Yod, © 2007 Yirmeyahu Ben-DavidProto-Sinaitic Hebrew: Waw, © 2007 Yirmeyahu Ben-DavidProto-Sinaitic Hebrew: Lamed, © 2007 Yirmeyahu Ben-David
  (yahaLOM=rock crystal or white sapphire):  (NaphtaLIY)  (saPIR=lapis lazuli):  (Dan)  (NOphekh=garnet):  (YeHUDah) Right: , Targum: – ‭ ‬Proto-Sinaitic Hebrew: Hei, © 2007 Yirmeyahu Ben-DavidProto-Sinaitic Hebrew: Dalet, © 2007 Yirmeyahu Ben-DavidProto-Sinaitic Hebrew: Waw, © 2007 Yirmeyahu Ben-DavidProto-Sinaitic Hebrew: Hei, © 2007 Yirmeyahu Ben-DavidProto-Sinaitic Hebrew: Yod, © 2007 Yirmeyahu Ben-David
Center: , Targum: – ‭ ‬Proto-Sinaitic Hebrew: Nun, © 2007 Yirmeyahu Ben-DavidProto-Sinaitic Hebrew: Dalet, © 2007 Yirmeyahu Ben-David
Left: , Targum: – ‭ ‬Proto-Sinaitic Hebrew: Yod, © 2007 Yirmeyahu Ben-DavidProto-Sinaitic Hebrew: Lamed, © 2007 Yirmeyahu Ben-DavidProto-Sinaitic Hebrew: Tau, © 2007 Yirmeyahu Ben-DavidProto-Sinaitic Hebrew: Pei, © 2007 Yirmeyahu Ben-DavidProto-Sinaitic Hebrew: Nun, © 2007 Yirmeyahu Ben-David
 (akhLAMah=amethyst):  (YissaKHAR)  (sh'vo=agate):  (AWsheir)  (LESHem=opal):  (Gawd) Right: , Targum: – ‭ ‬Proto-Sinaitic Hebrew: Dalet, © 2007 Yirmeyahu Ben-DavidProto-Sinaitic Hebrew: Gimel, © 2007 Yirmeyahu Ben-David
Center: , Targum: – ‭ ‬Proto-Sinaitic Hebrew: Resh, © 2007 Yirmeyahu Ben-DavidProto-Sinaitic Hebrew: Shin, © 2007 Yirmeyahu Ben-DavidProto-Sinaitic Hebrew: Aleph, © 2007 Yirmeyahu Ben-David
Left: , Targum: – ‭ ‬Proto-Sinaitic Hebrew: Resh, © 2007 Yirmeyahu Ben-DavidProto-Sinaitic Hebrew: Kaph, © 2007 Yirmeyahu Ben-DavidProto-Sinaitic Hebrew: Shin, © 2007 Yirmeyahu Ben-DavidProto-Sinaitic Hebrew: Shin, © 2007 Yirmeyahu Ben-DavidProto-Sinaitic Hebrew: Yod, © 2007 Yirmeyahu Ben-David
 (yashPEIH=aquamarine):  (BinyaMIN)  (SHOham=sardonyx):  (YoSEIPH)  (tarSHISH=peridot):  (Z'vuLUN) Right: , Targum: – ‭ ‬Proto-Sinaitic Hebrew: Nun, © 2007 Yirmeyahu Ben-DavidProto-Sinaitic Hebrew: Waw, © 2007 Yirmeyahu Ben-DavidProto-Sinaitic Hebrew: Lamed, © 2007 Yirmeyahu Ben-DavidProto-Sinaitic Hebrew: Beit, © 2007 Yirmeyahu Ben-DavidProto-Sinaitic Hebrew: Zayin, © 2007 Yirmeyahu Ben-David
Center: , Targum: – ‭ ‬Proto-Sinaitic Hebrew: Pei, © 2007 Yirmeyahu Ben-DavidProto-Sinaitic Hebrew: Samekh, © 2007 Yirmeyahu Ben-DavidProto-Sinaitic Hebrew: Waw, © 2007 Yirmeyahu Ben-DavidProto-Sinaitic Hebrew: Yod, © 2007 Yirmeyahu Ben-David
Left: , Targum: – ‭ ‬Proto-Sinaitic Hebrew: Nun, © 2007 Yirmeyahu Ben-DavidProto-Sinaitic Hebrew: Yod, © 2007 Yirmeyahu Ben-DavidProto-Sinaitic Hebrew: Mem, © 2007 Yirmeyahu Ben-DavidProto-Sinaitic Hebrew: Yod, © 2007 Yirmeyahu Ben-DavidProto-Sinaitic Hebrew: Nun, © 2007 Yirmeyahu Ben-DavidProto-Sinaitic Hebrew: Beit, © 2007 Yirmeyahu Ben-David

Ancient Hebrew font on gems courtesy of Ancient Hebrew Research Center Ancient Hebrew Research Center logo

This table also incorporates my research comparing translations of Ta•na"kh Hebrew into Greek, primarily Josephus and LXX. Note that non-Jewish attempts are not only typically ignorant of ancient Judaism, Hebrew and even Greek but, also being ignorant that Hebrew reads right to left, often have even their mistranslations in reverse order. Based on this and other research, we have tried to give the modern gems corresponding to the original language in Ta•na"kh.

Authorities differ concerning many of these identifications. in Modern Hebrew derives almost certainly from the Greek ιασπις (iaspis); again, almost certainly the linguistic origin of the English "jasper." Yet, is translated in Josephus and LXX as βηρυλλος (bærullos)—beryl—which comes in a variety of colors. Most authorities suggest it was greenish. But the emerald might not have been known to them and its ancient substitute, malachite, is associated with which means "flashing." This might suggest a diamond, which again probably wasn't distinguished by the ancients and its substitute, rock crystal, is associated with . And so it goes.

The table above takes into account the various translations, the entry in Encyclopedia Judaica, Klein's, as well as two old articles in the Lapidary Journal of 11.68 (A. Paul Davis, "The Re-creation of an Exact Replica of Aaron's Breastplate," and E.L. Gilmore, 'Which were the Original Twelve Gemstones of the First Biblical Breastplate?," p. 1124-34).


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Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2008.03.30]

Khumus
Khumus

(Khumus – KHOOmoos; Borrowed from Arabic.) . Basic recipe (refine over time):

  • 2 cups canned chick-peas

  • drained juice of 2 lemons

  • 1 tsp. salt

  • 1/4 tsp. cumin

  • 3 tbs. pure tekhina paste or 1 cup tekhina (raw sesame seeds)

  • 2 garlic cloves, mashed (more if desired)

  • 2-3 tbs. Israeli extra-virgin olive oil

  • parsley (for garnish, if desired)


Place all the ingredients in a food processor or blender, mix until chick-peas are smooth. Refrigerate khumus in a covered container. Serve well-chilled on a saucer or cake plate. Rather than make a depression in middle like in the photo, most homes and restaurants simply splash extra-virgin Israeli olive oil on top, leaving scattered little puddles of olive oil on top. (That also minimizes too much olive oil in some servings and not enough in other servings.) Best sprinkled with pine nuts. Optional: lightly stir in green skhug (leaving green streaks in khumus; it's hot, don't use too much) or sprinkle chopped parsley on top. Make a meat sandwich by spreading khumus liberally, insert desired kâ•sheir meat, then stuff with shredded cabbage or tossed salad; or just khumus and stuff with shredded cabbage or tossed salad—and, in any case, top with Salat Turki.


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Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2009.03.16]

My friend's wedding khupah and Rav Qapakh
Click to enlargeFriend's wedding Khup•âh, officiated by Rav Qapakh (1998)

Khup•âh; canopy (of a wedding, parachute, etc.)

Yael's Wedding 2012
Wedding – Khup•âh, Tzᵊvi & Yâ•eil (2012)

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(also )Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2016.07.09]

khoter

khōtër; a budding new branch sprouting from the trunk.

Contrast , often translated as "a shoot," against , which is also often translated as "a shoot." As is often the case, clarity is found only in the original Hebrew.


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Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2009.04.27]

Khutz•pâh; audacity, temerity, impudence, insolence, impertinence, cheek.


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Pronunciation Table Hear it! [Updated: 2012.08.26]

Ki•peir; To figuratively "Wipe on" (a Tor•âh-defined, transgression-blotting agent) or figuratively "wipe off," "wipe away," "sop up" or "blot up" (a Tor•âh-defined transgression) as a covering, expiation or atonement.

(ki•pur; a blotting agent for Tor•âh-defined transgression that is (figuratively) "wiped on," or used to (figuratively) "wipe off," "wipe away," "sop up" or "blot up" a Tor•âh-defined, transgression; as a covering, expiation or atonement.

According to the Encyclopedia Judaica, the customary rendering of as "to atone for" or "to expiate" is, in most cases, incorrect ("Kipper," 10.1039)—and certainly "dumbed down" in translation to an a•vod•âh zâr•âh concept.

(ka•pâr•âh; expiation), f.n. more info

(See also )


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Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2006.04.27]

Ki•sei; seat, chair, bench (as in a court room, especially a Beit-Din), or throne; plural (ki•sᵊ•ot).


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or Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2016.08.02]

Kit•im; identified with the indigenous inhabitants of the Greek-Aegean islands. Kit•im, a great-grandson of akh, was the son of the patriarch of the Greeks: (bᵊ-Reish•it 10.4), Greek Ἴωνες, who was the ultimate origin of the religious-culture that would later, following the widespread forcible export of / Ἴωνες culture by Alexander (B.C.E. 356-323), become known as ἙλλάςHellenism. Though Scripture associates with several entities, the one distinguishing theme every instance shares is Hellenism.

Ca. B.C.E. 627 – Yi•rᵊmᵊyâhu 2.10 refers to the who remain steadfast to their (Hellenist) idols

Ca. B.C.E. 583 – Yᵊkhë•zᵊq•eil 27.6 (probably walnut) ivory inlay from the (Hellenist) Aegean isles of

Ca. B.C.E. 519, as the – Zᵊkhar•yâh Bën-Bë•rëkh•yâh Bën-Id•o ha-Nâ•vi prophesied the ultimate vanquishment of (Hellenist) (9.13) following the appearance of the Mâ•shiakh (9.9), interpreted to refer initially to Hellenist Bâ•vël, then reinterpreted to refer to Hellenist Syria (namely Antiochus 4th Epiphanes who enabled the Hellenization of the Judean priesthood and "Temple"). Later, was reinterpreted to refer to Hellenist Rome. Today, is associated with the Hellenist Roman (Catholic = Christian) democracy spawned by Rome.

Ca. B.C.E. 275 – Dân•iy•eil specifies the mëlëkh (8.21-22 and 11.2) and LXX translates (the ships of the Aegean islands of the Hellenist) (Dân•iy•eil 11.30) as (Hellenist) ῥωμαῖοι.

Ca. B.C.E. 50 – In the War of the Sons of Light Against the Sons of Darkness from the Dead Sea Scrolls, the (Hellenist) are referred to as being "of Asshur" (Hellenist Assyria), namely Antiochus 4th Epiphanes, who, in B.C.E. 175, empowered the Hellenization of the Judean priesthood and "Temple," thereby targeting the current Hellenists: the Hellenist pseudo-Tzᵊdoq•im apostates who had expelled the Ōs•in (authors of the DSS) and Hellenized the "Temple"!

Ca. 100 C.E. – Josephus (1.6.1) identifies as Hellenist (whether Greek or western Turkey) Cyprus (37-100 C.E.),


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KJ/V [Updated: 2012.08.26]

The King James [per]Version (NT) was published 1611 C.E. (ridiculously recent) under the rule of a misojudaic King James of England—in which Jews had been banned for more than three centuries (since 1290 C.E.; a lot these misojudaic English gentiles knew about Jewish Scripture…some "authorities"!)—from which, outrageously, the later Elzevir Textus Receptus of 1624 C.E. (not a typo! look at the anachronism!) was translated into Greek.

Perversely, most Christians think that the Textus Receptus is the Greek source text of their NT! Although one Christian door-to-door pentecostal responded to this news, before walking off in a huff, eliminated any Hebrew or Greek sources altogether by declaring "If the KJV was good enough for Paul, it's good enough for me!" rofl (rolling on the floor laughing)

This KJ/V Greek source text KJ/V created a closed, circular, misojudaic text-source, preserving the intrinsic Hellenist (antinomian / misojudaic) nature, which is intractably incompatible with the Ta•na"kh and from which all subsequent Christian versions emanate. For its veracity and relevance, see NT).


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Klein, Ernest [Updated: 2012.08.26]

Comprehensive Etymological Dictionary of the Hebrew Language For Readers of English (Ernest Klein)
Klein's (Etymological Dictionary)
(1899-1983), Rabbi (Czechoslovakia) Ph.D. (Univ. of Vienna) Semitic languages and literature. Also a survivor of both Auschwitz and Dachau, after which, he moved to Canada and spent 20 years studying the history of the English language.

A Comprehensive Etymological Dictionary of the Hebrew Language For Readers of English (Jerusalem: Carta, Haifa: Univ. of Haifa, 1987.


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Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2013.05.16]

Ko•hein, pl. (Ko•han•im; priests genealogically descended from A•har•on, and later Tzâ•doq. (cf. Yᵊkhëz•qeil 44.15), able to prove their genealogy from the ancient yo•khas•in public registers (Nᵊkhëm•yâh 7.63)—which were destroyed by the Romans!!!

was the High (lit. "big") Priest.

Cognate: (kᵊhun•âh; priesthood). more info


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Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2014.10.26]

ko•leil; full-time yᵊshiv•âh (advanced study of the Ta•lᵊmud and rabbinic literature) for married students, for which students receive an exemption from serving in the IDF as well as a stipend from the Israeli government instead of working.


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Kurush (Persian cunie­form; Ebraminio @ persian.ir)

Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2016.06.13]


Korësh; from Persian (modern Iran) Kurush (Jr., "the Great"); Persian king who conquered Babylon ca BCE 538, permitted Jews who wished to return to Israel to do so and authorized rebuilding the Beit ha-Mi•qᵊdâsh.


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Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2006.04.27]

1995 Kotel, Paqid Yirmeyahu
Pâ•qid Yi•rᵊmᵊyâhu at the ‭ ‬ (1985).Click to enlarge

Kotël; wall, usually refers to the 'Western Wall'. (Though more than a few Jews ignorantly use the phrase, 'Wailing Wall' is offensive to knowledgeable Jews.)


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Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2006.08.10]

Lᵊhit•râ•ot; see you later (lit. to seeings).


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Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2016.11.27]

lᵊ- prefix; lit. "{toward, to, for}…"

Contraction of and (ha-, the); form depending on subsequent letter:

  • la- prefix; lit. "{toward, to, for} the…"
  • - prefix; lit. "{toward, to, for} the…"

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Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2015.10.25]

Leiâh; weary, short-tempered.


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\ Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2006.07.11]

Leiv/leiv•âv heart (the second form is formal or poetic).


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Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2006.04.27]

Lei•wi, pl. (Lᵊwiy•im; escorts, ushers, accompaniers), (Hellenized to 'Levi' and 'Levites'). 3rd son of Ya•a•qov (mother: Leiâh).


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Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2011.03.21]

Pitah Iraqit (haShipudia)
Pitâh I•raq•it (ha-Shipudia Restaurant, Yᵊru•shâ•layim)

Lëkhëm; bread.

In the time of Av•râ•hâm, long before Har Sin•ai, leavened (yeast-risen fluffy) bread referred to something very similar to the qu•bân•âh of the Tei•mân•im. (Braided yeast-risen fluffy bread is a modern innovation, first introduced in Eastern Europe around the 15th century CE.)

(Lëkhëm ha-Pân•im; Bread of the Inner [Sanctum]). ‭ ‬ = (ha; the) ‭ ‬ + (pân•im), which can mean either face, faces (as it is always found only in the plural), or interior / inner. The popular stretch, from "Face Bread" to "Display Bread" is logically indefensible and without credible precedent or support. The correct understanding is "Bread of the Inner Sanctum." The Israeli (Mis•rad ha-Pᵊn•im) is the Office (i.e., Ministry) of the Interior—not the Office of the Face (or Display Office). One should keep in mind that the difference in vowels is a product of the 9th-10th centuries C.E. and represents evolution in the language rather than indicating any particular difference in meaning.

- (Beit-Lëkhëm; House of Bread, the bread house), Hellenized to today's Arab-occupied "Bethlehem."


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Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2007.03.06]

Lᵊshon hâ-Râ; conspiracy to defame or slander, passive defamation of character, slander (lit. "the Tongue of Wrong"). While the Sages include even truth as Lᵊshon hâ-Râ when it is spoken with evil intent (giving the report by Yo•seiph of his brothers as the prime example), the notion that slanderous lies are—therefore (a non sequitur)— not Lᵊshon hâ-Râ does extreme perversion to the words of the Sages. See also the more serious transgression of defamation—mo•tzi sheim ra.


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Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2011.04.04]

Lishkat ha-Gazit (red dot)
Beit ha-Mi•qᵊdâsh – Sanhedrin (red dot)

Lish•kat ha-Gâ•zit ; the Chamber of Dressed Stone, located on the upper level of the portico in the southeastern corner of the Ëz•rat Yi•sᵊ•râ•eil – where the Beit Din -Jâ•dol convened (see also Beit Din hâ-Jâ•dol).


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λογος [Updated: 2011.04.03]

The origin of λογος traces back to Heraclitus (ca. B.C.E. 535–475), who used the term for the principle of [spoken] order and knowledge (Cambridge Dictionary of Philosophy (2nd ed): Heraclitus, 1999), in other words, intellectual oral discourse. Aristotle, similarly, used λογος in the sense of reasoned oral (rhetorical) discourse (Paul Anthony Rahe, Republics Ancient and Modern: The Ancient Régime in Classical Greece, University of North Carolina Press, 1994, ISBN 080784473X, p. 21.). more


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Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2010.11.03]

luakh tablet, slab, plank, panel, calendar; pl. (lukh•ot).


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Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2008.07.15]

Lulav and Etrog Teimani
Lu•lâv and Ët•rog Tei•mân•i

lu•lâv a bunch consisting of a budding date-palm frond to which is tied (by slats from the date-palm frond) two branches of a special variety of willow and, in the Yemenite lu•lâv, a generous bunch (a minimum of three are required) of a special variety of myrtle. The lu•lâv is especially associated with Suk•ot. See wa-Yi•qᵊr•â 23.40, 43.


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LXX [Updated: 2006.04.27]

Codex Sinaiticus (earliest extant source of Septuagint)
LXX – in Codex Sinaiticus with the Christian Διαθηκη Καινη (Diathækæ Kainæ; NT)

The Septuagint / 70; Greek translation of Ta•na"kh translated by 70 (LXX) Hellenist Jews in Yᵊru•shâ•layim ca. B.C.E. 200 for Hellenist Jews of the tᵊphutz•âh in Alexandria, Egypt).


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Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2006.04.27]

ma•a•riv; evening. Moderately intellectual and centrist, Ma•a•riv is Israel's second-largest independent Hebrew newspaper. Ma•a•riv. With a circulation of 160,000, it is second only to Yᵊdi•ot A•khar•on•ot.


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Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2006.04.27]

Ma•as•ëh; practice, doing, making; also the name of the Oral Law as interpreted by the Qum•rân Kha•sid•im Tzᵊdoq•im and paralleling the Oral Law as interpreted by the Pᵊrush•imHa•lâkh•âh.

Both Ma•as•ëh and Ha•lâkh•âh comprise and interpret the Biblically commanded khuq•im and mi•shᵊpât•im.

Together, khuq•im and mi•shᵊpât•im comprise Mishᵊnâh, the Oral Law until their codification in (a) the Pseudo-Tzᵊdoq•im interpretations, in their Χειρογραφον τοις Δογμασιν, (b) the Qum•rân Kha•sid•im-Tzᵊdoq•im interpretaions in Dead Sea Scroll 4Q MMT, and (c) the rabbinic Pᵊrush•im interpretations—the interpretations endorsed by Ribi Yᵊho•shua in The Nᵊtzâr•im Reconstruction of Hebrew Ma•ti•tᵊyâhu (NHM, in English) 23:1-3—in Tal•mud. See also Ha•lâkh•âh.


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Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2006.04.27]

ma•a•seir, pl. (ma•a•sᵊr•ot); tithe(s)


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Πραχεις Αποστολων Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2011.04.04]

Praxeis A•pos•tolōn; the praxis of the emissaries), Anglicized to "Acts." / (Ma•a•vâr; transition; also aisle, passage or pass). For details on provenance, etc., see also Acts

The "A•postol•oi" are the Hellenist impression and Hellenized version of the (shᵊlikh•im; emissaries).

Nᵊtzâr•im Reconstruction of Transition. Ma•a•vâr is a more accurate title for the NT book de-Judaized to "Acts." Ma•a•vâr records the transition of the Nᵊtzâr•im from the personal supervision of historical Ribi Yᵊho•shua to the operation of the Beit Din ha-Nᵊtzâr•im under the first Nᵊtzâr•im Pâ•qid, Pâ•qid Ya•a•qov "ha-Tza•diq" (the brother of Ribi Yᵊho•shua) in the Ruakh ha-Qodësh.


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Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2006.04.27]

Ma•bul; the Deluge (popularly "Flood")


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"Pronunciation Table

[Updated: 2006.04.27]

MDA ambulance
MDA ambulance

Mad"a; acronym for (Mâ•gein Dâ•wid •dom; Red Shield—NOT star—of David), the Judaic (in contrast with Christian Red Cross and Muslim Red Crescent) emergency rescue service. Note: while the International and American Red Cross have long recognized the Islamic Red Crescent, they STILL do NOT recognize ".


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Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2013.03.25]

Ma•dᵊrikh; guide (the Way) – subst. use of the part. of the hiph•il of , from which derives dërëkh.


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Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2008.08.20]

Ma•kab•im; popularly "Maccabees"


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pl. Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2006.04.27]

mak•âh, plural mak•ot; strike, hit, smite, lash (from a whip); popularly "plague"


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Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2012.01.29]

mâ•khal; absolve, to remit a debt.

See also (sâ•lakh) and (khâ•nan).


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Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2016.07.03]

ma•kha•zōr; liturgical guide for Yom Tᵊru•âh and Yom ha-Ki•pur•im.


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Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2006.04.27]

M'arat ha-Makhpeilah (Cave of the Patriarchs), Khevron (corrupted to ''Hebron'')
Pâ•qid Yi•rᵊmᵊyâhu, Karen & Yâ•eil visiting and praying at ‭ ‬(1996)

Mᵊ•âr•at ha-Makh•peil•âh; The Cave of Makh•peil•âh, i.e., The Cave of the Tomb of the Patriarchs, located in Khë•vᵊr•on


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Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2008.05.29]

ma•lᵊâkh, pl. (ma•lᵊâkh•im), pl. conn. - (ma•lᵊakh•ei-…); messenger, one who has been dispatched on a mission, a missionary, Hellenized (simultaneously de-Judaized) to αγγελος (aggelos or angelos; messenger—anglicized to "angel." This is the most probable origin of the terms "Angles," "Anglos" and "English"; all of which trace back to Germanic tribes that migrated to today's England. This etymology may also have contributed to the Germans, seeing themselves as the original Germanic "Angles" (angels) and other "white supremacy" groups.

According to Klein's A Comprehensive Etymological Dictionary of the Hebrew Language for Readers of English, the unused root verb is (for which Klein gives no pronunciation), meaning to send. To distinguish this connotation from (shâ•lakh; to send [something or someone]), seems closer to the English "dispatch."

(Ma•lᵊâkh•i; My ma•lᵊâkh; Hellenized to "Malachi" or "My angel," is the last of the twelve minor Nᵊviy•im in Ta•na"kh.

See also the cognate mᵊlᵊâkh•âh


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Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2008.07.27]

Teimani malawakh
Malawakh

Ma•lawakh; borrowed from Arabic) . Most people buy this but here is a basic recipe (you can refine it each time you make it):

  • 2½ cups pastry (or white) flour

  • 1 cup warm water

  • 1 teaspoon salt

  • ¼ lb butter


  1. Put flour and salt in food processor and add water. (Use plastic blade.)

  2. Process until dough forms a ball

  3. Add more flour or water as needed. Dough should be very soft, but not sticky

  4. Transfer dough to a bowl, cover and let stand 1 hour

  5. Divide it into 2 parts

  6. Roll out 1 part and spread with half the butter.

  7. Fold in thirds, roll out and fold in thirds again. Do this 1 more time

  8. Let stand covered with a damp towel for 1 hour.

  9. Do the same with rest of dough

  10. Divide dough in thirds

  11. Roll out each piece thinly

  12. Heat skillet add 1 tsp butter and fry bread until golden brown. Flip over and cook second side until golden too

Serve with a sauce of mashed tomatoes with skhug and salt to taste


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Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2006.06.25]

ma•mâsh; palpably, substantially, concretely, really (adv.).


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Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2006.06.25]

ma•mᵊlâkh•âh, fem.; connective form (ma•mᵊlëkhët); kingdom of…, domain of…, realm of…, reign of….


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Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2006.04.27]

Manna - Hammada salicornica
Man[na] – Hammada salicornica (1982 Michael Zohary)
Plants of the Bible - Michael Zohary
Plants of the Bible (Michael Zohary)

mân; "What[ever] it is" (popularly "manna").

"Flueckiger (1891) was among the first to suggest that manna was a sweet exudation produced by small, scaly insects feeding on the tamarisk tree, among others. The expedition of Bodenheimer and Theodor in 1927 found that the insects in question were Trabulina manifera or Najacoccus serpentina. They exude a sweet liquid which hardens quickly, drops to the ground and is collected by the Bedouin as a substitute for sugar or honey.

"For a long time this was considered the scientific explanation for the miraculous 'bread from heaven'; but since the activity of the insects is seasonally limited [not a great problem], the number of tamarisks in the Sinai small, and that of the Sinai wanderers large the story of the manna, though realistically based, still remains mysterious and legendary despite the fact that this exudation has been observed also in a few other plants such as… and, most particularly, Hammada salicornica. This last is a plant extremely widespread in southern Sinai. A. Danin [1972] describes how its sweet exudations are collected by the Bedouin and used as a conserve in cakes. But all these sources together could not provide much more than a tidbit for the hungry people wandering in the desert." Prof. Michael Zohary, Plants of the Bible, (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1982), p. 142-43.


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mapsPronunciation Table [Updated: 2016.03.12]

Chronologically ordered history in maps: more


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Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2010.06.27]

Ma•phᵊtir; the one who reads the Ha•phᵊtâr•âh). Excepting special Shab•ât•ot, this refers to the last paragraph of the concluding (seventh) section of the weekly Tor•âh portion, which precedes the Ha•phᵊtâr•âh. The person about to read the Haphtâr•âh begins by first repeating the Maph•tir.


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Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2017.02.05]

ma•qeil; stick, walking cane, shepherd's staff, rod, fighting stick. (See also shëvët.)


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-- = Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2015.10.04]

(ha-; the) + (mâ•qōm; fixed or standing place, location); lit. the Place; namely, Yᵊru•shâ•layim. Like "the White House" refers to the American president, (ha-Mâ•qōm = Yᵊru•shâ•layim) is often used to refer metonymically to the Creator-Singularity Who has associated His Name with the Place (Yᵊru•shâ•layim)—namely, ‑‑.

Note: Only the prepositional prefix changes for "in, at or by" the place: (ba-; in the) + (mâ•qōm; fixed or standing place, location), where is the contraction of + .

derives from , to stand-up. (Compare and contrast with its synonym (â•mad; to be standing).


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Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2017.06.25]

Maror plant, flowers & thistles; Sonchus <i>oleraceus</i> (photo: spontaneousurbanplants.org)Maror leaves; Sonchus <i>oleraceus</i> (photo: spontaneousurbanplants.org)
Click to enlarge plant (flowers & thistle; Sonchus oleraceus (photo: spontaneousurbanplants.org)Click to enlarge (leaves; Sonchus oleraceus (photo: spontaneousurbanplants.org)

mâ•rōr (pl. (mᵊrōr•im); wild or garden spring salad greens; wild herbs (bitters) of the fields that one could pick nearly everywhere in the spring; especially dandelion leaves ( ; Sonchus oleraceus). Assimilated in Tᵊphutz•âh cultures to PBH horseradish (a figment of Tᵊphutz•âh rabbinic asperity that didn't even exist in Biblical Israeli flora) or lettuce – which, in MH, is .


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Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2006.06.27]

IDF tents
IDF Tents

Ma•sëkët •hâl•ot; Tractate Tents (if uncleanness is introduced under a common roof), in Seidër Tâ•hâr•ot.


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Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2006.06.27]

Ma•sëkët A•râkh•in; Tractate Measures (vows concerning valuations), in Seidër Qâ•dâsh•in.


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Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2006.09.02]

Ma•sëkët •rᵊl•âh; Tractate •rᵊl•âh, in Seidër Tâ•hâr•ot.


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Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2006.06.27]

Ma•sëkët A•vod•âh Zâr•âh; Tractate Strange Service (i.e., idolatry), in Seidër Nᵊziq•in.


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Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2006.06.27]

Ma•sëkët Âv•ot; Tractate Fathers (i.e., Patriarchs), in Seidër Nᵊziq•in.


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Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2006.06.27]

property law
Property Law

Ma•sëkët Bâ•vâ Bat•râ; Tractate Portal, Closing (property law), in Seidër Nᵊziq•in.


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Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2006.06.27]

civil law
Civil Law

Ma•sëkët Bâ•vâ Mᵊtziy•â; Tractate Portal, Middle (civil law), in Seidër Nᵊziq•in.


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Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2006.06.27]

tort law
Tort Law

Ma•sëkët Bâ•vâ Qamâ; Tractate Portal, Opening (tort law), in Seidër Nᵊziq•in.


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Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2006.06.27]

Egg: post-70CE symbol of Pilgrims' Festival Offering

Ma•sëkët Beitz•âh; Tractate Egg (festival laws), in Seidër Mo•eid.


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Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2006.06.27]

Ma•sëkët Bᵊkhor•ot; Tractate Firstlings, in Seidër Qâ•dâsh•in.


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Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2006.06.27]

Ma•sëkët Bᵊrâkh•ot; Tractate Blessings, in Seidër Zᵊrâ•im.


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Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2006.06.27]

Ma•sëkët Bi•kur•im; Tractate Firstfruits, in Seidër Zᵊrâ•im.


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Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2006.06.27]

Ma•sëkët Dᵊmai; Tractate Doubtfully-Tithed (corn), in Seidër Zᵊrâ•im.


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Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2006.06.27]

Ma•sëkët Eid•uy•ot; Tractate Testimonies (of witnesses), in Seidër Nᵊziq•in.


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Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2006.06.27]

Ma•sëkët Ei•ruv•in; Tractate Mixings (boundaries of Shab•ât travel), in Seidër Mo•eid.


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Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2006.06.27]

get
agunah (chained woman - husband refuses to grant get)
A•gun•âh (chained woman – husband refuses to grant get)

Ma•sëkët Git•in (Aramaic pl. of geit); Tractate Divorce-Contracts, in Seidër Nash•im.


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Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2006.06.27]

oops
undo

Ma•sëkët Ho•rây•ot; Tractate Teachings (erroneous rulings of the Beit-Din), in Seidër Nᵊziq•in.


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Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2006.06.27]

keilim (kitchenware & utensils)
Kitchenware & Utensils

Ma•sëkët Keil•im; Tractate Utensils (uncleanness of), in Seidër Tâ•hâr•ot.


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Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2006.06.27]

the axe

Ma•sëkët Kᵊrit•ot; Tractate Excisions, in Seidër Qâ•dâsh•in.


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Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2006.06.27]

ketubah
Kᵊtub•âh

Ma•sëkët Kᵊtub•ot; Tractate Marriage-Contracts, in Seidër Nash•im.


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Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2006.06.27]

Ma•sëkët Khag•ig•âh; Tractate Khaj (pilgrimage [& offering]), in Seidër Mo•eid.

Har Megido (corrupted to ''Armageddon''), Control Point of Damascus-Egypt Trade Route
Northern Khaj Route Landmark – Har Mᵊgido (corrupted to ''Armageddon''), choke / control point in Eimëq Yiz•rᵊël (map 1) of the Trunk Road (red route, map 2) connecting to the King's Highway (yellow route, map 2), on the ancient trade – and Khaj – routes between Egypt and Africa in the southwest, via Dërëkh ha-Yâm (blue route, map 2), to Damascus and points north (Turkey and Europe) and east (including Iraq and Persia-Iran). See also Yᵊsha•yâhu 8.23.

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Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2006.06.27]

Pitah Iraqit (haShipudia)
Pita Iraqit (ha-Shipudia)

Ma•sëkët Khal•âh; Tractate Dough (offering), in Seidër Zᵊrâ•im.


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Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2006.06.27]

Kasheir deli counter St Pete, Florida
Kâ•sheir deli counter where I ate in St Pete, Florida

Ma•sëkët Khul•in; Tractate Seculars (animals slaughtered for food), in Seidër Qâ•dâsh•in.


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Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2006.06.27]

Ma•sëkët Ki•layim; Tractate Hybrids, in Seidër Zᵊrâ•im.


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Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2006.06.27]

columbarium (dove pigeon cote rookery) Beit-Guvrin, Israel
Columbarium (dove pigeon cote rookery) Beit-Guvrin Click to enlarge

Ma•sëkët Kin•im; Tractate Nests (bird offerings), in Seidër Qâ•dâsh•in.


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Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2006.06.27]

Ma•sëkët Ma•a•seir Shein•i; Tractate Second-Tithe, in Seidër Zᵊrâ•im.


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Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2006.06.27]

Ma•sëkët Ma•a•sᵊr•ot; Tractate Tithes, in Seidër Zᵊrâ•im.


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Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2006.06.27]

(certificate of fitness - dairy only)   -
Typical Certificate of Kash•rut:
Khâ•lâv•i
(certificate of fitness - meat only)   -
Typical Certificate of Kash•rut:
Bᵊsâr•i

Ma•sëkët Ma•khᵊshir•in; Tractate Ka•shᵊr•ut, in Seidër Tâ•hâr•ot.


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Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2006.06.27]

Egyptian (crook &) flabellum - 3 stranded flail
Egyptian (crook &) flabellum – 3 stranded flail

Ma•sëkët Mak•ot; Tractate Beatings (whipstrokes, flagellations), in Seidër Nᵊziq•in.

"It appears that, where no other punishment was expressly prescribed, flogging was in biblical law the standard punishment for all offenses (Deut. 25:2)… There is no record of the manner in which floggings were administered in biblical times. Various instruments of beating are mentioned in the Bible (Judg. 8:7, 16; Prov. 10:13; 26:3; I Kings 12:11, 14; et al.), but any conclusion that they (or any of them) were the instruments used in judicial floggings is unwarranted." ( Jewish Virtual Library; 2012.05.06).

Thus, the method and instrument likely derived from their exile in Egypt.

"The flail was a rod with three attached beaded, strands. The strands could [vary] considerably, using different types of beads and the lengths between the beads could be broken up into several segments." (touregypt; 2012.05.06).


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Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2006.06.27]

Megilat Esteir (nosachteiman.co.il)
Mᵊgil•at Ës•teir (nosachteiman.co.il)

Ma•sëkët Mᵊgil•âh; Tractate Scroll (Pur•im; lots), in Seidër Mo•eid.


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Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2006.06.27]

Ma•sëkët Mᵊ•il•âh; Tractate Sacrileges, in Seidër Qâ•dâsh•in.


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Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2006.06.27]

Ma•sëkët Mᵊnâkh•ot; Tractate Presentations (meal offerings), in Seidër Qâ•dâsh•in.


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Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2006.06.27]

Ma•sëkët Mid•ot; Tractate Measurements (of the Beit ha-Mi•qᵊdâsh), in Seidër Qâ•dâsh•in.


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Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2006.06.27]

Miqweh steps adjacent to Har ha-Bayit
1st-century Mi•qᵊwëh beside Har ha-•Bayit

Ma•sëkët Miq•wâ•ot; Tractate Ablution-Pools, in Seidër Tâ•hâr•ot.


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Rainbow Rule

Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2006.06.27]

Ma•sëkët Mo•eid Qâ•tân; Tractate Little Appointeds (intermediate days of festivals), in Seidër Mo•eid.


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Rainbow Rule

Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2006.06.27]

Ma•sëkët Nâ•zir; Tractate Nazirite, in Seidër Nash•im.


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Rainbow Rule

Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2006.06.27]

Ma•sëkët Nᵊdâr•im; Tractate Vows, in Seidër Nash•im.


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Rainbow Rule

Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2006.06.27]

Ma•sëkët Nᵊgâ•im; Tractate Infections, in Seidër Tâ•hâr•ot.


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Rainbow Rule

Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2006.06.27]

Ma•sëkët Nid•âh; Tractate Menstruant, in Seidër Tâ•hâr•ot.


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Rainbow Rule

Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2006.06.27]

American Red Brangus Grand Champion Heifer, 2012 Houston Livestock Show & Rodeo
Click to enlargeRed Heifer (American Brangus, 2012 Grand Champion)

Ma•sëkët Pâr•âh; Tractate Cow (chestnut-red), in Seidër Tâ•hâr•ot.


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Rainbow Rule

Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2006.06.27]

Emeq Yizr'el looking NE from foot of Har Megido toward mountains of Afula
NE Eimëq Yiz•rᵊël (corrupted to "Jezreel Valley"): hay at foot of Har Mᵊgido (corrupted to "Armageddon")

Ma•sëkët Pei•âh; Tractate Edge (gleaning of fields), in Seidër Zᵊrâ•im.


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Rainbow Rule

Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2006.06.27]

Pesakh Table (Teimani)
Pësakh Table

Ma•sëkët Pᵊsâkh•im; Tractate Skip-overs (Hellenized to "Passovers"), in Seidër Mo•eid.


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Rainbow Rule

Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2006.06.27]

wedding khupah
Click to enlarge (next to the groom) performing the marriage of my friend. (1998)

Ma•sëkët Qi•dush•in; Tractate Sanctifications (relative to weddings), in Seidër Nash•im.


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Rainbow Rule

Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2006.06.27]

Shophar (ayal-ram)

Ma•sëkët Rosh ha-Shân•âh; Tractate Head-of-the-Year (New Year), in Seidër Mo•eid.


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Rainbow Rule

Συνεδριον Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2006.06.27]

Lishkat ha-Gazit (red dot)
Beit-Din ha-Jâ•dol (red dot)

Ma•sëkët Συνεδριον (Greek-Hellenist Sunedrion, Angliciized to "Sanhedrin"); Tractate Assembly (i.e., the Beit-Din ha-Jâ•dol), in Seidër Nᵊziq•in.

Interestingly, although this is one of the few Hellenist (Greek) words that made it into wide Jewish usage, the KJ/V buries the reference to the Beit-Din ha-Ja•dol by rendering "council" instead of "Sanhedrin." This demonstrates the lengths to which Christians go to conceal the Judaism they displaced.


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Rainbow Rule

Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2006.06.27]

Shabat collage
Shab•ât Collage

Ma•sëkët Shab•ât; Tractate Shab•ât, in Seidër Mo•eid.


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Rainbow Rule

Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2006.06.27]

Sheqel Tetradrachm Bar-Kokhva (Obverse: Temple facade w-rising star; Reverse: Lulav, To freedom of Jerusalem)
Sheqel Tetradrachm Bar-Kokhva (Obverse: Temple facade w-rising star; Reverse: Lulav, "To freedom of Jerusalem")

Ma•sëkët Shᵊqâl•im; Tractate Shᵊqâl•im, in Seidër Mo•eid.


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Rainbow Rule

Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2006.06.27]

Shemitah year fallow field
Shᵊmit•âh year fallow field

Ma•sëkët Shᵊvi•it; Tractate Seventh (Shᵊmit•âh), in Seidër Zᵊrâ•im.


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Rainbow Rule

Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2006.06.27]

Ma•sëkët Shᵊvu•ot; Tractate Sevens / Oaths / Weeks, in Seidër Nᵊziq•in.


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Rainbow Rule

Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2006.06.27]

Ma•sëkët Sot•âh; Tractate Suspected-Adulteress, in Seidër Nash•im.


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Rainbow Rule

Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2006.06.27]

Ben-David Family's Sukah
Bën-Dâ•wid Family Suk•âh

Ma•sëkët Suk•âh; Tractate Hut, in Seidër Mo•eid.


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Rainbow Rule

Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2006.06.27]

fast

Ma•sëkët Ta•an•it; Tractate Fast, in Seidër Mo•eid.


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Rainbow Rule

Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2006.06.27]

Miqweh steps adjacent to Har ha-Bayit
1st-century Mi•qᵊwëh beside Har ha-•Bayit

Ma•sëkët Tâ•hâr•ot; Tractate Tâ•hâr•ot, in Seidër Tâ•hâr•ot.


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Rainbow Rule

Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2006.06.27]

Ma•sëkët Tâ•mid; Tractate Forever (daily qor•bân), in Seidër Qâ•dâsh•in.


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Rainbow Rule

Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2006.06.27]

Ma•sëkët Tᵊmur•âh; Tractate Exchange (substitute qor•bân), in Seidër Qâ•dâsh•in.


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Rainbow Rule

Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2006.06.27]

Ma•sëkët Tᵊrum•ot; Tractate Offerings (wave), in Seidër Zᵊrâ•im.


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Rainbow Rule

Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2006.06.27]

miqweh, Har Noph, Yerushalayim
Click to enlarge

Ma•sëkët Tᵊvul Yom; Tractate Immersion of the Day (i.e., one who has immersed and awaits evening to become clean), in Seidër Tâ•hâr•ot.


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Rainbow Rule

Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2006.06.27]

Caustics

Ma•sëkët U•qᵊtz•in; Tractate Sting, thorn (i.e., stinging remark, sarcasm), in Seidër Tâ•hâr•ot.


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Rainbow Rule

Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2006.06.27]

netilat yadaim
Cup for washing hands

Ma•sëkët Yâd•ayim; Tractate Pair-of-Hands (contaminations of), in Seidër Tâ•hâr•ot.


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Rainbow Rule

Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2006.06.27]

Ma•sëkët Yᵊvâm•ot; Tractate Widows-of-Deceased-Childless-Brothers, in Seidër Nash•im.


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Rainbow Rule

Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2006.06.27]

fast

Ma•sëkët Yom•â; Tractate Yom (Ki•pur), in Seidër Mo•eid.


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Rainbow Rule

Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2006.06.27]

Ma•sëkët Zâv•im; Tractate Discharges, in Seidër Tâ•hâr•ot.


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Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2006.06.27]

Ma•sëkët Zᵊvâkh•im; Tractate Sacrifices, in Seidër Qâ•dâsh•in.


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Rainbow Rule

Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2006.05.21]

mâ•shâl; allegory, simile, metaphor or parable; pl. mᵊshâl•im and the pl. connective is mi•shᵊl•ei-….


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Rainbow Rule

Pronunciation TableHear it! [Updated: 2008.06.25]

Mâ•shiakh, from the root verb (mâ•shakh; to smear olive-oil on, anoint); the Biblical (i.e., pre-Displacement Theology) meaning is "anointed with sanctified olive oil by Jewish religious leaders recognized by the main Jewish community in Israel."

Goy•im have de-Judaized this concept to "messiah" and "christ." In Christian Displacement Theology, "Christ" is proclaimed to expiate, to be the ki•pur, while in the legitimate Judaism familiar to Ribi Yᵊho•shua the Mâ•shiakh merely officiates (Yᵊkhëz•qeil 45.16-22; 46.2-4), while ki•pur is conferred directly by ha-Sheim.

Recently discovered and published Qum•rân Dead Sea Scroll 4Q MMT confirms all other Judaic literature describing the first-century religious Jewish community in demonstrating with absolute certainty that the historically-accurate Ribi Yᵊho•shua was a Tor•âh teacher and that neither he nor his original Nᵊtzâr•im Jewish followers (Hellenized to "disciples") could possibly have espoused the anachronistic, post-135 C.E., Roman-redacted (Hellenized) Christianity.

The discovery that Ribi Yᵊho•shua taught Tor•âh and not Christian doctrines invalidates arguments against his fulfillment of the Biblical Messianic Issues concerning the Mâ•shiakh Bën-Yo•seiph—many of which can no longer be fulfilled by anyone, ever! Because he was a teacher of Tor•âh and not the founder of an anti-Tor•âh religion, the restoration of his Tor•âh teachings in concert with the restoration of Israel enables the completion, in our day, of the remaining prophesies concerning the Mâ•shiakh Bën-Dâ•wid.

2,000 years after he lived the entire world overwhelmingly confirms in the numbering of its years that Ribi Yᵊho•shua is, indeed, the world-changing Mâ•shiakh. Together, this is an overwhelming weight of evidence that has successfully withstood and overcome 2,000 years of attempted disputations.

What is left now is for those who carry on his Tor•âh teachings to complete his mission in the spirit of his Tor•âh teachings—his return in spirit (!!!), fulfilling the remaining prophecies of the Mâ•shiakh Bën-Dâ•wid and bringing about the prophesied messianic world.


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Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2017.02.05]

ma•tëh; police baton, nightstick, billy club, truncheon, bat. (See also shëvët and ma•qeil.)


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Rainbow Rule

Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2006.04.27]

Ma•ti•tᵊyâhu ha-Lei•wi (the Levite), an eye-witness tal•mid of Ribi Yᵊho•shua and author of the pre-Christian (pre-62 C.E.) Nᵊtzâr•im account, in Hebrew, of the halakhically Judaic life and teachings of the historical Pharisee Ribi Yᵊho•shua. This was later extensively redacted to reflect Hellenist and Christian Displacement Theology, the Hellenized—misojudaic anthetical—product known as "Gospel of St. Matthew" in the NT. Even the first Church historians acknowledged that the original followers of historical Ribi Yᵊho•shua accepted only their own Hebrew Ma•ti•tᵊyâhu, rejecting the later NT and excising Paul as an apostate (Eusebius, Eccl. Hist. III.xxvii.4).

Extant Nᵊtzâr•im source documents underlying Hebrew Ma•ti•tᵊyâhu comprise Greek codices from the 3rd -4th century (א and β), Aramaic Pᵊshitᵊtâ, Latin a-3, and earlier Greek papyri, some of which may date back into the 1st century C.E. Other mss. are either of later vintage—and, hence, more extensively redacted to reflect Christian doctrines—or spurious.


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Rainbow Rule

Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2014.04.13]

Soft Matzah
Soft

matz•âh; pl. – dough (and foods produced from it) that:

  • is made from The Five Species,

  • which has not been infused with (much less modern yeast, un­known until the 17th century C.E.), and

  • is not permitted to rest, being cooked before the Tal­mud­i­cal­ly de­fined deadline when wild yeast, u­biq­ui­tous in the en­vi­ron­ment (on the skin of grains, plants and even in the soil), would observably leaven it into (sourdough).

  • In Biblical ancient Israel, before the existence of yeast was even identified (in the 17th century C.E., much less in a package on the shelf of a supermarket), this was a soft bread. The "start-to-finish" deadline of 18 minutes, producing a cracker, is a recent reform-innovation of the late 18th century C.E. introduced by a Lithuanian Rebbe (see ). more


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    Rainbow Rule

Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2011.04.24]

Yam Kinneret (''Violin Sea / Lake'' - corrupted to Sea of Galilee)
Click to enlargeAbba & Yael on rock (1992)

mayim, also spelled ; the pair of waters – the □ayim ending (see, inter alia, ha-shâ•mayim) is a dual (paired) form. The ancients perceived water (the waters) as twofold: what we understand today as the lakes and seas (which we sail and in which fish swim) and the clouds above that rained. There was no concept, nor word expressing, a single water.

See also the phrase (mayim khayim; lit. "living water(s)".


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Rainbow Rule

Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2006.04.27]

Megilat Esteir (nosachteiman.co.il)
Mᵊgil•at Ës•teir (nosachteiman.co.il)

Mᵊgil•âh; scroll, primarily referring to one of the five Mᵊgil•ōt (plural) in Ta•na"kh: Shir ha-Shir•im, Rut, Eikh•âh, Qo•hëlët, and Ës•teir. The English phrase, "the whole megillah," derives from Jews using this Hebrew term.


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Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2006.04.27]

mei nid•âh; water of the menstruant. This is the title of the decontaminating ointment made by adding water to the ashes from the Pâr•âh A•dum•âh, which contained crimson dye (making the water blood-red), oregano (hyssop) and cedar. The explanation of the symbolism of the operation of the mei nid•âh and the Pâr•âh A•dum•âh, which has remained a mystery to all of the Jewish Sages until this author published the explanation, is found in my paper (in English or Hebrew): "Pâr•âh A•dum•âh – 'Red Heifer' Finally Explained (English)."


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Rainbow Rule

Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2017.09.06]

person at work

mᵊlâkh•âh (from the root verb ) — all that does not qualify as .

Profane/​material-worldly – khōl – effort (work, service) in pursuit of primarily worldly gain; efforts primarily oriented to goals or pursuits in this ephemeral and evanescent corporeal (physical, material) world as contrasted against the incorporeal, eternal, supernal (i.e., spiritual) Realm of ‑‑. Work that is primarily related to the pursuit of worldly needs and goals, including worldly-related work that may reasonably be done or prepared before Sha•bât, or deferred without suffering unreasonable damage until after Sha•bât.

Includes 1. work, trade, skill, art or occupation; a practical profession in which a person works. 2. worker and work products, objects, tools and appurtenant movable property.

is energy, effort or exertion expended in this-worldly (secular, profane, ordinary – khol) pursuits that can reasonably be done during week-days, in contrast to energy, effort or exertion expended pursuant to incorporeal spiritual, , missions (goals). includes income-related, occupational or non-imperative worldly work, including preparations that can be done during week-days. also includes work performed as a result of being dispatched or paid by, or in the employ of, human beings, including preparation, education and training for such work, all, lᵊ-hav•dil (as distinguished from), work for ‑‑, i.e., work that is .

Since is appropriate and encouraged at all times while , alone, is prohibited on Sha•bât, it's imperative to be able to differentiate from other types of that are not only permitted on Sha•bât but are often unavoidable (e.g., picking up a glass of water or a fork, carrying food to the table) and even commanded by Tor•âh to be performed on Sha•bât (e.g., picking up a Qi•dūsh goblet or lifting and carrying a Seiphër Tor•âh in order to read it).

It is , i.e., -, not exertion or generally, that is prohibited on Shab•ât

‎ = ‎ + Ergo, ‎ = ‎ -

There are a number of cognates deriving from the same root verb .

  • The combinative form, …-…-

  • is the fem. noun counterpart of

  • the adj. formed from the f.n. is

What a tangled web is weaved, when first we base reasoning on fallacies received

From the age of the universe to assumptions about electricity and fire, rabbinic argumentation, at its most fundamental level, primarily relies on post-Biblical logical fallacies of invalid generalizations and naked assumptions that presume to override the Laws of the Creator-Singularity.more

Next time you're asked what you "are" (i.e., what you do for a living, your zodiac sign, your sexual or political orientation, your citizenship, fraternal affiliation, etc.), will you answer "I'm a [truck driver, chef, plumber, doctor, accountant, Jew, Pisces, American, liberal, conservative, Labor, Likud, Ashkenazi, Sephardi, Democrat, Republican, fraternity or sorority affiliation, Mason, Marine, vet, etc. – all profane ]?" Or are you more? Have you the nëphësh to answer: "I'm a servant of ‑‑" (e.g., merely earning a living as a [truck-driver, et al.] to enable me and my family to serve the incorporeal Realm ‑‑)? So what are you really?


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Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2009.06.14]

lëkh, pl. (mᵊlâkh•im); "king(s)"; including the two books of the Ta•na"kh (Âlëph = first; Beit = second). Connective plural - (malkh•ei-; kings of…).

The possessive form, (malk•i; my king) is connected to (tzëdëq; justice) to form the name - (Ma•lᵊk•i-Tzëdëq), Hellenized to "Melchizadek."

Cognate: (ma•lᵊkh•ut; kingship, monarchy, kingdom)


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Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2017.02.02]

Mᵊnash•ëh – because ël•oh•im na•shani of all my labor and all of my father's house. (Hellenized to "Manasseh.") more


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Rainbow Rule

Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2008.05.05]

menorah

mᵊnor•âh; candelabra.

(Mᵊnor•at ha-Mâ•or; "The Candelabra of the Luminary") is the text codifying early Yemenite views on Talmudic Ha•lâkh•âh, was authored by (Yi•tzᵊkhâq A•bu•hâv), a Jew who was perhaps in contact with the Tei•mân•im (as Maimonides was), and may have been Tei•mân•i himself. A•bu•hâv lived in the Netherlands, or perhaps Spain, at the end of the 14th century. His grandson lived in the Netherlands.

"His use of passages from aggadic works now lost and the variants in the talmudic and midrashic texts he cites make the Mᵊnor•at ha-Mâ•or of great importance for establishing the text of the Tal•mud used in the Spanish-North African [i.e., Sᵊpha•rad•i; ybd] academies as distinct from that of the Franco-German [i.e. Ash•kᵊnazi; ybd] school" ("Aboab, Isaac I," Ency. Jud., 2.91). more


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Rainbow Rule

Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2016.11.22]

Keruv / Merkhavah - Assyria 9th or 8th century Ivory
Click to enlargeKᵊruv – Assyria, B.C.E. 9th-8th century ivory perception of animated figure that powered a celestial Më•rᵊkâv•âh
Merkavah Tut-ankh-amun tomb gold-plated royal
Click to enlargeMë•rᵊkâv•âh Tut-ankh-amun tomb; gold-plated royal

Më•rᵊkâv•âh; ancient winged-lion or winged-chariot; also a war chariot, especially Egyptian, which could travel up to 60 km (37 mi) /day. It is as misleading to insist that Më•rᵊkâv•âh be interpreted only as a chariot – or only as a symbolic heavenly vehicle – as to insist that modern automobiles still be called "horseless carriages."


The Më•rᵊkâv•âh is the subject of the visions in chapter 1 of Yᵊkhëz•qeil ha-Nâ•vimore


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Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2006.07.02]

mᵊshu•mâd; male forced to convert out of Judaism, a forced-apostate; fem. (mᵊshu•mëdët; female forced to convert out of Judaism), plural (mᵊshu•mâd•im).

(mᵊshu•mâd•ut; forced conversion out of Judaism, forced-apostasy).


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Rainbow Rule

"Messianic" Jews / "Messianic" Judaism [Updated: 2013.09.20]

For the legitimate use and historically accurate meaning of the term messianic, see a legitimate Judaic authority, e.g. Gershom Scholem, The Messianic Idea in Judaism. Historically, "messianic" implies a non-divine Mâ•shiakh who must (Dᵊvâr•im 13.1-6) unalterably oppose Displacement Theology.

Lᵊ-hav•dil— According to Christian theology, "Christ" purportedly displaced the OT—what the Christian "Fathers" referred to as "the law of sin and death."

Lᵊ-hav•dil— The Mâ•shiakh, by contrast, refines, repairs the breaches (Yᵊkhëz•qeil 22.30) and restores Tor•âh. The Mâ•shiakh is a mortal Jew who serves --. References to the Davidic (corrupted to "Prince"; cryptonym for the Mâ•shiakh) officiating in a Beit ha-Mi•qᵊdâsh forever (inter alia, Yᵊkhëz•qeil 44.1-4; 45.7-9; 46.4-18) refer to the after-life of a physically ordinary mortal human being descendant of Dâ•wid ha-Mëlëkhnot a man-god! more


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Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2006.04.27]

mᵊtzor•â; person afflicted with tzâ•raat.


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Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2006.04.27]

qlaph mezuzah Teimani
Qᵊlaph Mᵊzuz•âh Tei•mân•i

mᵊzuz•âh; doorpost, plural (mᵊzuz•ot)


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Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2011.04.07]

mid•âh; dimension, measurement, size, ration, attribute, characteristic; plural (mid•ot)

"Rules of hermeneutics" or "rules for interpreting Scripture" are called . Contrast against the Hebrew term popularly understood as logic: (hi•gâ•yon; common sense, intuition), which is inadequate to express mathematically precise logic, though popularly rendered as such despite its inadequacy.

Notice that the Hebrew theological meaning differs significantly from Aristotelian analytics and mathematical logic—which the rabbis dismiss as "Hellenist." This is one of the two unreliable pillars of rabbinic evolution that has, in a number of significant cases, caused logically-incompetent rabbis to stray far from Tor•âh.


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Pronunciation Table Hear it! [Updated: 2007.03.06]

Negev, Midbar Paran (Mark A. Wilson, Wooster.com)
Nëgëv, Mi•dᵊbar Pa•ran

mid•bâr; badlands, arid hills. (bᵊ-Mid•bar; in the badlands); fourth book of Tor•âh shë-bikh•tâv, Hellenized / de-Judaized (Hellenized) to "Numbers."


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Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2017.09.01]

Beit Midrash Teiman (Rav Amram, WIZO mitaiman.com)
Beit Mid•râsh Tei•mân (Rav Amram, WIZO mitaiman.com)

Mi•dᵊrâsh – the investigation, typically a rabbinic homiletical commentary, on specific books of Ta•na"kh; as found, for example, in Ta•lᵊmud.

Mi•dᵊrâsh was originally oral, and conducted in a Beit ha-Mi•dᵊrâsh.

The earliest extant Mi•dᵊrâsh is embedded in the Babylonian Ta•lᵊmud, compiled in the fifth century C.E. In contrast to rabbinic literature, the Babylonian traditions (concluded ca. B.C.E. 538) must be recognized as preceding the first rabbis (B.C.E. 166) by almost four centuries; nearly half a millennium. However, even the pre-rabbinic Babylonian Mi•dᵊrâsh is extant exclusively in the rabbinic Ta•lᵊmud – through the later lens of rabbinic perspective.

Scripture v Rabbinic authority

Citing Dᵊvâr•im 17.11, some rabbis tell you that Scripture makes Ultra-Orthodox rabbis the Mouth of the Lord on earth.

First, Dᵊvâr•im 17 doesn't talk – at all – about rabbis, who didn't even exist back then! Rabbis didn't even come into existence until, in B.C.E. 135, anti-Hellenism rebels pâ•rush (seceded from) the Hellenist Tzᵊdoq•im, thereafter being designated as Pᵊrush•im. Only after Pᵊrush•im came into existence did they ordain the first rabbis.

Further, vs. 9-13 don't come into effect – at all – unless, v. 8, .

Only if v. 8 is triggered, Scripture then instructs you to go to for consultation, whether that may be a ko•hein, a Lei•wi (both of whose yo•khas•in were destroyed by the Romans; ergo, according to Ta•lᵊmud, there can be no legitimate ko•hein or Lei•wi ever again; Ma•sëkët Qi•dush•in 70b) or a sho•pheit. That is the counsel Scripture requires you to obey.

Then read v. 11 ca-a-are-ful-ly! The first 3 words condition everything that follows: …-

Muslims have a "Tor•âh" (Tawrat) they will teach you, "interpreted" to comport with Islam. Christians have a Tor•âh they will teach you, "interpreted" to comport with their Διαθηκη Καινη (NT). Reform rabbis have a Tor•âh they will teach you "interpreted" according to their liberalism. So it shouldn't be such a great shock that Ultra-Orthodox have their own ideas about Tor•âh that they will teach you, "interpreted" according to their European Dark Ages inculturation (assimilation). "Regular" and Modern Orthodox rabbis interpret Tor•âh according to the traditions they have learned. You must discern! The determination of which are legitimate hinges upon those 3 words! Which of them permute according to the mathematically-precise Laws of logic and science Authored by ‑‑ to drive His Creation, so that their teaching comports with "According to …"? Certainly not illiterate, anti-science, superstitious rabbis out of Dark Ages Europe who are tragically incompetent in every one of these areas.

To qualify as a sho•pheit today, one must have a working knowledge of the science and technology involved – including forensics, historical documentation, hard archeological, geological and other scientific evidence – as well as expertise in permuting Scripture according to the mathematically-precise logic ‑‑ embedded in His Unquestionable and Immutable Laws and Truth that drive the universe. He is Immutably consistent, not self-contradicting. Whoever represents Him to be self-contradicting lacks comprehension and misunderstands.

– "then concerning" – the mi•shᵊpât they tell you, you must do."

Modern education of the Jewish masses, as it develops a working knowledge of both logic and science in each Jew, paves the way to fulfill the prophecy of Yi•rᵊmᵊyâhu 31.33: “ ‘Then no longer shall any man instruct his fellow, nor any man instruct his brother, saying: «Know ‑‑!» Because all of them shall know Me, from the least of them to the greatest of them,’ declares ‑‑. ‘For I will forgive their â•wōn•im, and I will no longer recall their khat•â•im.’ ”

Jews looking directly to the logic of ‑‑ to correctly interpret Tor•âh themselves, freeing Jews from their dependence on any (usually wealth-seeking, political power-hungry and agenda-driven) man, or group, is the purpose and goal of advocating for the divine precision embedded in logic-based Mi•dᵊrâsh.

Irrespective of time, the Unquestionable and Immutable Laws of the Creator-Singularity, His logic engine that drives our universe, never changes. The ultimate, and only reliable, Mi•dᵊrâsh through which one may understand the Tor•âh of ‑‑, Who is the Creator-Singularity of the universe, derives from the Immutable Laws upon which He created our universe: mathematically precise logic (scientific method), based on documented historical facts from the earliest extant mss. in the original languages, hard archeological evidence and the latest scientific advancements and technology – reality sanitized of European Dark Ages mythology and superstition. See also box in The Nᵊtzârim Reconstruction of Hebrew Matitᵊyâhu (NHM, in English) note 7.1.1.

, collection of 10 Babylonian agadic legends and homilies allegorized, by different authors in different eras (in chronological order), from the 5 books of Tor•âh and the 5 Mᵊgil•ōt:

  1. bᵊ-Reish•it Rabâh – redacted in 5th century C.E.
  2. wa-Yi•qᵊr•â Rabâh – 7th century C.E.
  3. Eikh•âh Rabâh – 7th century C.E.
  4. Qō•hëlët Rabâh – 6th-8th centuries C.E., much of it based on earlier works.
  5. Shir ha-Shir•im Rabâh – 9th century C.E.
  6. Rut Rabâh – 9th century C.E.
  7. Dᵊvâr•im Rabâh – 10th century C.E.
  8. Ës•teir Rabâh – parts date from ca. 500 C.E.; redactions continued up through the 11th century C.E.
  9. Shᵊm•ōt Rabâh – 11-12th century C.E.
  10. bᵊ-Mi•dᵊbar Rabâh – 12th century C.E.

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Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2006.04.27]

Mikh•âh; "Who is like" [Eil being understood; probably a diminutive of (Mi•khâ•eil)]; sixth of the twelve minor Nᵊviy•im in Ta•na"kh (de-Judaized to Micah).


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Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2006.04.27]

Mi•lᵊkhâm•ot ha-Sheim; Wars of ha-Sheim. Commentary polemicizing the Christian NT by Ya•a•qov Bën-Rᵊu•vein in 1170 C.E.


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Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2009.10.15]

mi•nᵊhâg; custom, manner.


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Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2006.06.12]

min•im; sectarians, kinds, species, genders, sexes. The singular form is (min).

Min tracks, via LXX to the Greek αιρεσις (airesis; heresy). The Greek term, airesis, is the origin of the English "heresy." See .

(Ar•bâ•âh Min•im; Four species), which are: ët•rog, ha•das, A•râv•âh and lu•lâv.

(Kha•meishët Min•im; Five species) of cereal, which are: wheat, barley, rye, oat and spelt.

(Shiv•at Min•im; Seven species) of fruits, which are: wheat, barley, vines, figs, pomegranates, olives and date-syrup (popularly mistranslated as "honey").


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Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2008.10.05]

mi•nᵊkh•âh; formal presentation of a gift, especially as originally derived from the presentation gift of a "holy dinner" marking some sacred agreement (e.g., Sho•phᵊt•im 6.18, et al.); by definition, a bᵊrit. Since the mi•nᵊkh•âh was holy, it was forbidden to be eaten by anyone else or used in any other way. A priori, leftovers were required to be consumed in the fire.

With the proscription against offering sacrifices outside of the Beit ha-Mi•qᵊdâsh, this "holy dinner" evolved to a mi•nᵊkh•âh consisting of the "meal offering" of the pre-dusk (late-afternoon) liturgy and, by extension, the pre-dusk Tᵊphil•ot paralleling the liturgy in the Beit ha-Mi•qᵊdâsh.

"Outside the ritual codes the term [] could refer to any gift or offering, including animals ([bᵊ-Reish•it 4.3-5; [Sho•phᵊt•im] 6.18; [Shᵊmu•eil Âlëph] 2.17), but in prescriptive texts it signifies a concoction of [], ‭ ‬ [], and []. Its form could be [], ‭ ‬ [ ], or []; the offerings of [] were to be 'crushed new grain from fresh ears' ([wa-Yi•qᵊr•â] 2.14)… The [] normally accompanied every []…" (Sacrifice, Ency. Jud., 14.602).


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Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2007.12.13]

min•yân; a quorum of ten male Jews over the age of bar mitz•wâh required for

  1. the public recitation from the Seiphër Tor•âh and

  2. Ha•phᵊtâr•âh,

  3. the Bi•rᵊk•at ha-Ko•han•im,

  4. the Qa•dish,

  5. the public (i.e. aloud) recitation of the A•mid•âh and

  6. the Bâ•rᵊkh•u.

  7. Also, when saying the Bi•rᵊk•at ha-Mâ•zon, the parts marked "" (ba-a•sâr•âh; by 10) or "))" ((u-)ma-a•sâr•âh; (and) from [at least] 10) in the si•dur Tei•mân•i are skipped.


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Pronunciation Table Hear it! ‭ ‬ [Updated: 2017.08.13]

Beit ha-Miqdash
Beit ha-Mi•qᵊdâsh ha-Shein•i

Mi•qᵊdâsh; Holyplace.

- / " (Beit ha-Mi•qᵊdâsh; The House of the Holy Place) Hellenized / de-Judaized, to the Greek ιερον (ieron; an idolatrous pagan temple), to "Temple." (See also Hei•khâl.)

  1. Beit ha-Mi•qᵊdâsh hâ-Rish•ōn (corporeal)

  2. Beit ha-Mi•qᵊdâsh ha-Shein•i (corporeal)

  3. Beit Tᵊphil•âh (eternal incorporeal "'House of Prayer' for all kindreds"; Yᵊsha•yâhu 56.7; Yᵊkhë•zᵊq•eil 40-47; Qum•rân DSS 11QTa).

"' cannot dwell in a physical palace or temple like an idol. Ergo, any reference to dësh dwelling in a Beit ha-Mi•qᵊdâsh can only refer to the Shᵊkhin•âh / Ruakh ha-Qodësh dwelling in the hearts of His human ma•lâkh•im who serve within the complex [e.g., the human ma•lâkh Mâ•shiakh]." (quoted from soon-to-be-published "Science-Friendly Tor•âh Family Bedtime Bible Stories."more


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Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2006.04.27]

Miqrâ Qodësh, pl. mi•qrâ•ei qodësh – miqrâ, meaning "convocation-for-[Tor•âh]-recitation" and qodësh, [of] holiness; popularly shortened to "a holy convocation," which loses the centrality of Tor•âh recitation.

refers to that which is read (in the convocation-for-reading); the Orthodox Judaic liturgical reading of the Bible chanted according to the most ancient and pristine tradition). Thus, means Scripture, the Ta•na"kh. This is the Mi•shᵊnaic term for "Bible."


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Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2006.08.24]

miqweh, Har Noph, Yerushalayim
Click to enlarge

miq•wëh; pool meeting halakhic criteria for tᵊvil•âh, one requirement of which is mayim khayim. In English, the term is often inaccurately distorted to mean the act of tᵊvil•âh rather than correctly referring to the halakhically-qualified pool, in the phrase: 'to take a' (tᵊvil•âh in a) miq•wëh.


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Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2013.09.20]

Mirᵊyâm (Aramaic, same spelling; cf. Shᵊm•ot 15.23), anglicized to "Miriam."

In the NT, it is transliterated into Greek as Μαριαμ, Hellenized to Μαρια, then anglicized to "Marian" – and "Mary".

The Aramaic name so often associated with her, , may well derive from the adverb , in this same verse (15.23).

The etymology of her name is unclear. Some mistakenly connect her name with the incident of , interpreting her name as some form of "bitter." However… more


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Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2006.04.27]

Mi shë-beir•akh; "[May He] Who Blesses…" Special Tᵊphil•ot in Beit ha-Kᵊnësët for government leaders and, in addition to other special occasions, particularly those individuals who have:

  • Recovered from an illness,

  • Been released from prison,

  • Returned safely from a trip (all trips are dangerous these days), and /or

  • Returned safely from the sea.


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Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2017.09.04]

Mi•shᵊkân; neighbor's-dwelling; Tent of the (Shᵊkhin•âh; Neighboring [i.e. Presence of --]) erected 02. 01.01 (Shᵊm•ōt 40.17 = B.C.E. 1624, see my Chronology Of The Tanakh, From The "Big " Live-Link); verbal noun of (shâ•khan; he neighbored, dwelled near) and the gerund (li-shᵊkon; dwelling-in, indwelling).

Mishkan / Ohel Moeid, model
Mishkan / Ohel Moeid full-scale replica, Timna Park Mishkan / Ohel Moeid full-scale replica, Timna Park - Courtyard Altar & Tent Mishkan / Ohel Moeid full-scale replica, Timna Park - Courtyard Tent of Meeting
Mi•shᵊkân / Ohël Mo•eid (corrupted to "Tent of Meeting")

This is the stem from which derives. This was the pre-fab Traveling Sanctuary which served as the nomadic Beit ha-Mi•qᵊdâsh while moving in the arid-wilderness. De-Judaized (Hellenized) to "Tabernacle."


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Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2006.05.21]

Mi•shᵊl•ei Shᵊlomoh; "allegories or parables of Shᵊlomoh; book of Kᵊtuv•im of Ta•na"kh de-Judaized (Hellenized) to 'Proverbs (of Solomon).' See also mâ•shâl


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Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2012.07.08]

Mishᵊnâh; repetition; pl. (Mi•shᵊnâ•yot).

Not to be confused with

The term Mishᵊnâh derives from (shân•âh; he memorized by rote).

Mishᵊnâh is the oldest part of Ta•lᵊmud. The final redaction of Mishᵊnâh was compiled by R. Yᵊhudâh ha-Nâ•si ca. 200 C.E. and comprises the Ha•lâkh•âh taught by the Tanâ•im.

The Tannaitic exposition in Ta•lᵊmud contrasts with Gᵊmâr•â, To•sëph and Bâ•ra•yᵊtâ, which, in that order, follow the statement of Mishᵊnâh in the Ta•lᵊmud.

Mishᵊnâh is often used, inaccurately, to describe the complete body of oral tradition, including the Mi•dᵊrâsh, Ha•lâkh•âh and Ha•gâd•âh. This confusion arises because Jews regularly abbreviate (or confuse) the of Ram•ba"m with Mishᵊnâh.

For further details, see box in The Nᵊtzâr•im Reconstruction of Hebrew Ma•ti•tᵊyâhu (NHM, in English) note 7.1.1.


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Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2012.07.08]

(also called )

Rambam's Mishneh Torah, autograph draft in cursive Sephardic (Cairo Genizah)
Rambam's Mishneh Torah, autograph draft in cursive Sephardic (Cairo Genizah)

Not to be confused with the .

(or ), is a comprehen­sive compendium, in " books (hence the recursive backronym abbreviating ), of Ha•lâkh•âh.

Composed by Ram•ba"m ca. 1180 C.E., after having moved from Israel to Cairo, Egypt, it was designed to be everyman's "goto" complement of Tor•âh shë-bikh•tâv for interpretive explanations.


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Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2010.08.01]

Mi•shᵊpâkh•âh, pl. Mi•shᵊpâkh•ot; family


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Pronunciation Table Hear it![Updated: 2017.02.16]

mishpat
Civil Law

mi•shᵊpât; Biblical Hebrew: a sentence (in both senses: jurisprudence & grammar) or judgment; pl. .

In modern usage, has been corrupted to refer exclusively to a trial or court hearing, in a "secular" court, but not in a Beit Din.

On the other hand, a is recognized in both courts.

derives from the shōrësh , a cognate of . (The connective plural is ).

This term has been Hellenized (de-Judaized, Christianized) and anglicized to "judgment" and various other renderings to avoid recognition of the historic Biblical Beit-Din system. In Biblical times, concerned the definitive, authoritative and just interpretation of Tor•âh applied to real life situations—case law. All other interpretations are "following one's own heart and one's own eyes" (Shᵊm•ōt 15:39; Dᵊvâr•im 17:9-13). Although became corrupted by the post-70 C.E. European-exiled Tzᵊdoq•im during the Dark Ages and Medieval times, they had, until then, been handed down by the Beit-Din in a chain uninterrupted from Moshëh at Har Sin•ai. more


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Misojudaism [Updated: 2009.04.28]

misojudaism (simpletoremember.com)

μισο-, from μισεω + Judaism, which is intrinsic to the Διαθηκη Καινη (NT): Lu 19.27; Jn 8.44, 47; 14.6; Rom. 8.1-7; 1 Corinthians 16:22; I Thes. 2.15-16; I Jn 2.22.

As our Arab cousins are correct in pointing out, being Semites themselves, hatred of Jews or Israel on their part cannot be anti-Semitism because they are not anti-themselves or anti- other Arabs. Even non-Arab Muslims and racists argue that they don't hate Arabs, therefore they are not anti-Semitic—and they are right! They hate Israel and Jews, not Semites. Not even all Jews (viz., converted Jews) are Semites; certainly, not all Semites are Jews.

Judeophobic, "an irrational fear of Judaism / Jews" is even more inaccurate than anti-Semitism.

Wake up! It all comes down to acceptance or rejection (hatred) of the Bible (Ta•na"kh)—the Tor•âh of --! Misojudaics hate the Bible because it is the defining reason that a people-nation of Jews and Israel exists! Those who hate Jews and Israel insidiously hate its cause – the Bible, making them enemies of its Author—--! more


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Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2006.04.27]

Mis•rad ha-Khutz; Office of the Exterior (i.e., Foreign Ministry, Ministry of Foreign Affairs)


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Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2006.04.27]

merkaz qlitah Raanana
Livingroom-bedroom, Merkaz Qlitah Raanana Entire Kitchen (note fridge behind Karen), Merkaz Qlitah Raanana Bathroom, Merkaz Qlitah Raanana No-stall, open shower area (bathroom), Merkaz Qlitah Raanana
Spartan conditions – Më•rᵊkâz ha-Qᵊlit•âh (Absorption Center) Ra•a•nanâ(h) (Our first home in Yi•sᵊrâ•eil)

Mis•rad ha-Qlit•âh; Office of Absorption (i.e., Absorption Ministry, Ministry of Reception)


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Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2012.12.19]

Mi•tzᵊr•ayim; "a pair of " (first Yo•seiph sold into bondage, later the enslavement of the entire am Yi•sᵊr•â•eil). This etymology predates the contra-historic, silly misojudaic Arabic claim of Quran by more than a millennium.

Khwt-ka-Ptakh (house-temple of the ka of xPtakh)
Khwt-ka-Ptakh, house-temple of the ka of Ptakh.

In the times of the Hellenist Greeks, the land was called "Khwt-ka-Ptakh" – the name of the temple of Ptakh, in Memphis, Egypt. The Hellenist Greeks translated this as Αἴγυπτος; which morphed to Latin Aegyptus to French Egypte and English Egypt.

Adj. (masc. sing.) (Mi•tzᵊr•i; Egyptian).


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Pronunciation Table Hear it! [Updated: 2006.04.27]

Mi•tzᵊwâh, pl. (mi•tzᵊwot); a directive or military-style order, pop. de-Judaized (Hellenized) to "commandment," specifically of Tor•âh.

derives from the verb (tzi•wâh; he commanded as a Mi•tzᵊwâh), with its various conjugations.

A Bar Mi•tzᵊwâh (son of the Mi•tzᵊwâh) is a young male Jew who has reached the religious age of majority (12), becoming responsible and accountable in his own right for keeping Tor•âh.


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Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2011.04.05]

View of Har Zeitim fm approx Mizbeiakh ha-Qetoret on Har ha-Bayit
Har ha-•Bayit: view of Har ha-Zeit•im from ancient site of the Mi•zᵊbeiakh ha-Qᵊtorët

Mi•zᵊbeiakh; altar.

  • , also called

  • , also called

Among all ancient peoples, their was the dining table of their deity—and all other altars were dining tables of rival demons. A diner's religion and nëphësh was determined by which his or her table identified – to which they offered blessings.more


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Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2009.09.29]

Mi•zᵊrâkh; East, lit. "from the shining," referring to the rising sun . (See also Âd•ot.)

Also adjective m.s. (Miz•râkhi), m.p. (Miz•râkhi•yim); easterner(s); Eastern (i.e., "Middle Eastern" or "Oriental").


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4Q MMT [Updated: 2008.02.10]

Discoveries in the Judaean Desert X Qumran Cave 4 V Miqsat Maase Ha-Torah

Pronunciation Table
(Mi•qᵊtzât Ma•as•ëh ha-Tor•âh; "some Ma•as•ëh of Tor•âh.") conventionally abbreviated to MMT; ca. B.C.E. 156).

Familiarity with MMT is essential to the understanding of 1st-century Judaism (Ya•a•qov Sussmann in Qim•ron, p. 185.).

MMT is probably the original plea from Yᵊkhon•yâh Bën-Shim•on II Bᵊn-Tzâ•doq (the last true Ko•hein ha-Jâ•dol, who subsequently became the Moreih Tzëdëq; see also Kha•sid•im) to his rabidly Hellenist brother, Yᵊho•shua Bën-Shim•on II Bën-Tzâ•doq, who became the first Ko•hein hâ-Rësha (in a resulting succession). more


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Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2006.04.27]

Amaleiq
Click to enlargeMap: Israel ca. B.C.E. 1000

Mo•âv ("from father"); nation east of the southern half of Yâm ha-Mëlakh.


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Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2008.08.21]

Soft MatzahOmer (barley or wheat) - ShavuotBen-David family's Sukah
Khag ha-Matz•ot (Pësakh)Khag ha-Shâvu•otKhag ha-Suk•ot

Mo•eid; appointed). Plural is (mo•adim; appointeds), usually referring to the appointed (i.e. Tor•âh-ordained) festivals. most often refers to the 1st & 7th "Appointed" days of Khag ha-Matz•ot and the 1st & 8th "Appointed" days of Suk•ot.

(khol ha-mo•eid; profane of the appointed) refers to the intermediate "profane" days between the 1st & 7th "Appointed" days of Khag ha-Matz•ot and between the 1st & 8th "Appointed" days of Suk•ot.

(mo•ad•im lᵊ-si•mᵊkh•âh; appointeds for rejoicing), the greeting for Khaj•im, refers to the appointed Khaj•im being days "appointed" specifically and explicitly "appointed" for rejoicing.

(Ohël Mo•eid; Tent of Appointment) demonstrates that (appointed) can refer to an appointed place as well as an appointed time or event.

(Seidër Mo•eid—Order: Appointed, i.e. festivals), 2nd order of the Mishᵊnâh (i.e., Tal•mud)


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Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2013.12.30]

moheil; halakhic circumciser (PBH)


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/Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2008.02.26]

mor/mor•â (pronounced mâr/mârâ by Ash•kᵊnazim); instructor or master (used in the same sense as "master" in martial arts; i.e. a master of Tor•âh, not the student's master); found in the Tar•jum of bᵊ-Reish•it 37.19 and Mi•shᵊl•ei Shᵊlom•oh 23.2. These terms derive from the same root as Tor•âh (Instruction). Thus, whenever found in a religious context, Tor•âh is the implied Instruction.

, or , (mori; my [Tor•âh] instructor or master); the Tor•âh-reading instructor in a Tei•mân•i Beit ha-Kᵊnësët.

(Mori Tzëdëq) and later Hebrew: (Morëh Tzëdëq); [the] Just [Tor•âh]-Instructor, corrupted to "Righteous Teacher") of the Qum•rân Tzᵊdoq•im (see Kha•nuk•âh).

Fem. (mâr•tâh; instructress or mistress), Aramaic (Mâr), origin of the name Martha, found in the Tar•jum of Mᵊlâkh•im Âlëph 17.17 and Yᵊsha•yâhu 24.2. (mâr•âh; instructress or mistress) is another fem. form according to Klein's Etymological Dictionary of the Hebrew Language for Readers of English (p. 383). However, the claim that this form is supported by the ossuary found on Har ha-Zeit•im is in error as that ossuary reads , not .

, Mârâ, as a contraction of Mâr (L.Y. Rahmani, Catalogue of Jewish Ossuaries, nos. 701-709, comm. 3), would continue the connotation of Mârtâ—an instructress.

See also a•don•i and rabbi.


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Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2006.04.27]

Mo•rëshët Âv•ot; (Legacy of the Patriarchs)

Name of the largest Beit ha-Kᵊnësët ha-Tei•mân•i (Orthodox) in Ra•a•nana, perhaps in the world.


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Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2006.04.27]

Har ha-Mor•i•yâh; the Mount Mori + Yâh (a Name of ha-Sheim).

Some translate this as "the Mount of Myrrh." However, this name more likely derives because it is from this same mount (also symbolizing a principal, leader or power in the Bible) that Av•râ•hâm and Yi•tzᵊkhâq Âv•inu were yâr•âh concerning the A•qeid•âh—the paradigm for the mor•ëh (instructor) in every generation, the Bible promises, binding Yi•sᵊr•â•eil to Tor•âh, causing Tor•âh to go forth (Yᵊsha•yâhu 2.3; Mikh•âh 4.2).


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Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2010.10.05]

mo•shav; settlement (pl. mo•shav•im; settlements).


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[Updated: 2017.07.04]

Cartouche: ''Moses'' (in original Egyptian)
Hover over glyph for xlit & xlatn
3 jackal pelts = ''M▫s'' (as in MOS[es] and [Ra]MES[es], properly Ra-Moses) door-bolt = ''z''

M▫s▫z

Even scholar-historians of academia fail to adequately appreciate that (Shᵊm•ōt 2) "Moses" was adopted into Egypt's Royal Pharaonic family as a little brother to Egypt's Royal Princess only 12 years older than him. Thus, "Moses" grew up as an adopted Egyptian Royal Prince in the Egyptian capital of Ankh-Tawi (Hellenized to Thebes, modern Luxor) – speaking Egyptian as his first language (learning "halting" Hebrew later in life), being educated, dressing, grooming and behaving as an Egyptian Royal Prince of the Palace – and known by his Egyptian name!

In his ancient Egyptian Pharaonic Royal family, each member had at least 2 names – a birth, or secular, name and a divine, religious, name. (The Par•oh also obtained a 3rd, throne name.) The only Pharaonic Royal family name in this era ending in the divine suffix -incarnate (-M▫s▫z, namely, "Son of God [Hōrus, Isis, Ra, Tut, et al].) was Tut-M▫s▫z.

At 8 days old, his Hebrew parents, Amᵊrâm and Yō•khëvëd, named him at his Bᵊrit Mil•âh, but that name is never mentioned. Shown above that the Pharaonic name was Tut-M▫s▫z, it is, a priori, nearly certain that this famous Pharaonic Princes was (later Queen) Khât-​shepset. As it is also known that Egyptian Royal families married only siblings (to keep the royal blood pure), it then becomes likely that the known paramour – i.e., eligible sibling – of Queen Khât-​shepset, the architect who built her mortuary temple on the same pattern as the future Beit ha-Mi•qᵊdâsh would eventually be built, was named Sen-en-Mut. Interestingly, like Queen Khât-​shepset herself, Sen-en-Mut was blotted from Egyptian history by her (their?) own son and successor. Ergo, the likely name of "Moses," later Hebraized to his native culture as , was Egyptian Royal Pharaonic Prince Sen-en-Mut Tut-M▫s▫z, little brother of famed Egyptian Queen-Par•oh Khât-​shepset!

Transliterated into Hebrew, this name was thereafter adopted from the ancient Egyptian and associated with a different, new, meaning (being drawn from water):
Pronunciation Table Hear it!

Still later, the (adopted Egyptian) Hebrew name became Hellenized, in LXX, as Μωσης, which was finally Anglicized to "Moses."

The verb, , back-developed from the name. more


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Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2006.04.27]

Mo•tzi sheim râ; actively defame or slander, disclosing defamation of character or slander to others (lit. "Issuing a bad name"). See also the lesser transgression of defamation— Lᵊshon hâ-Râ


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𝕸 or MT [Updated: 2012.06.10]

Masoretic Text; the vowelized version of the Hebrew text of Ta•na"kh.

MT was primarily compiled, edited and distributed by a group of Jews known as the Masoretes, derived from (mâ•sor•âh′ ), between the 7th-10th centuries C.E. (though the consonants differ little from the text generally accepted in the early 2nd century C.E.). By contrast, MT differs often from LXX, sometimes significantly.

Klein holds that, contrary to popular misconception, is "A secondary form of [mâ•sorët]. The word is prob. contracted from and is formed with instr. suff. ❏ from (= to bind). Later, however, the word was explained as the summary of traditions concerning the correct writing and reading of the Bible and, accordingly, was regarded as a derivitave of the verb (= to hand down, hand over)." (Ernest Klein. A Comprehensive Etymological Dictionary of the Hebrew Language For Readers of English. Jerusalem & Haifa: Carta & Univ. of Haifa, 1987. p. 360). more


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Rainbow Rule

Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2007.09.02]

mul; to circumcise; secondary form (mâ•hal), from which (mo•heil; circumciser) derives.


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Rainbow Rule

Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2006.06.20]

mum (rhymes with "broom," not "dumb"); point, spot, dot, defect; popularly "blemish."


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Rainbow Rule

Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2007.07.30]

mu•qᵊtz•ëh; cut off, remove, set apart—especially an item forbidden to be used on Shab•ât. An item that is mu•qᵊtz•ëh shouldn't even be left out where it can be seen on Shab•ât and remind one of profane weekday matters, much less be handled or touched on Shab•ât.


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Rainbow Rule

Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2006.04.27]

Mu•sâph; additional, refers to the "Additional" sacrifice (and, therefore, liturgy) on Shab•ât and holy days in the Beit ha-Kᵊnësët, paralleling the Mu•sâph services of the Beit ha-Mi•qᵊdâsh. The Mu•sâph service follows the Sha•khar•it service. In modern liturgy, there is little discernible break, making Sha•khar•it and Mu•sâph services seem, to the uninitiated, to merge into one service.


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Rainbow Rule
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