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The True Meaning of Christmas

Presented by
The Nᵊtzâr•im Jews, in Ra'anana, Israel
The Original—Jewish—Followers
Of Historical Pharisee Ribi Yᵊho•shua
(© 2002, 2014 by Yi•rᵊmᵊyâhu Bën-Dâ•wid) Rainbow Rule

's Command

"Do not do like the practice of the land… in which you dwelled, and do not do like the practice of the land… to which I bring you, and do not walk in their traditions. Do My mi•shᵊpât•im and watchguard My khuq•im to walk in them." (wa-Yi•qᵊr•â 18.3; see also Dᵊvâr•im 18.9 – "Don't learn to do like the to•eiv•ot of the goy•im"; 13.1; Yᵊho•shua 23.6-8 & Yi•rᵊmᵊyâhu 10).

Rainbow Rule

"According to Ta•na"kh—the only Scripture recognized by historical Ribi Yᵊho•shua, it is â•sur to adopt or emulate any idolatrous practices (Dᵊvâr•im 12:30-31; 18:9 & 20:18; wa-Yi•qᵊr•â 20:23). Similar origins underlie Easter (the festival to the idol-[goddess Ishtar]), the change from to [Sun-god-day], additions (see Dᵊvâr•im 13.1) of other saints' days (such as Silvester on 01.01), etc.

This merely scratches the surface. It was centuries after the death of Ribi Yᵊho•shua that Roman gentiles "changed the times and seasons," fulfilling the prophecy about the Antichrist in Dân•iy•eil 7.25 by extirpating the Nᵊtzâr•im under Constantine in 333 C.E., introducing Christmas, changing Sha•bât to the idolatrous Sun-god-day, changing Pësakh to the idolatrous festival for Ashtoret (Ishtar = Easter) and many others. Almost any encyclopedia will confirm these basics for you.

Rainbow Rule

First Nativity

Egyptian Rock Art Cave Nativity Scene ca. B.C.E. 3,000!!!

The First Nativity: Pre-Christian Egyptian Idolatry
Earliest Nativity: Egyptian ca BCE 3000
Nativity Scene: Egyptian cave rock art ca. B.C.E. 3000 (Geologist Marco Morelli, Director of the Museum of Planetary Sciences in Prato, near Florence, Italy, Seeker.com, Discovery Communications)

"Italian researchers have discovered what might be the oldest nativity scene ever found — 5,000-year-old rock art that depicts a star in the east, a newborn between parents and two animals.

"The scene, painted in reddish-brown ochre, was found on the ceiling of a small cavity in the Egyptian Sahara desert, during an expedition to sites between the Nile valley and the Gilf Kebir Plateau." 


First Christmas –

3 centuries after death of Ribi Yᵊho•shua!!!

"Before posing a date that differs from Christian tradition, it is first necessary to evaluate Christmas as the claimed birth date. There is no record until 354 C.E. of any connection between Christmas and Jesus (cf. note 1.21.1). So the first Christmas was more than 3 centuries after the death of Ribi Yᵊho•shua.

Other scholars cite an even later date for actual church documentation: the annual calendar published by Dionysius XIX Exiguous whose calendar was first published in 527 C.E., first establishing 03.25 as the official "Annunciation" and 12.25 as the "Nativity" ("Dionysius [19]," William Smith and Henry Wace, eds., "A Dictionary of Christian Biography," (Millwood: Kraus Reprint, 1974), I:853). Readers should compare and contrast the following analysis with the findings of Ernest L. Martin and others. See also "Easter" and The Nᵊtzârim Reconstruction of Hebrew Matitᵊyâhu (NHM, in English) note 2.2.1.

Rainbow Rule

Christmas Contradicts Historical Birth Date

Christmas also contradicts the actual date, fixed by a number of dovetailing details that others have missed, of the birth of the historical Jew— Yᵊho•shua Bën-Yo•seiph Bën-Dâ•wid (and Aramaic Yᵊshua Bar-Yo•seiph)—born in Beit Lëkhëm.

Historical Background

"The American People's Encyclopedia, under the heading "Christmas" reads, "The [Saturnalia] of the Romans and the winter festival of the heathen Britons were both celebrated about Dec. 25,th as was the later Roman festival in honor of the sun[god Mithra], which gave it the name natalis solis invicti ("birth of the unconquered sun"). This name was given a symbolic interpretation after the festival was adopted by the Christian church in the 4th century… Many customs associated with the Christmas season have pagan origins."

All major encyclopedias, and particularly the late Oxford historian (and ordained Christian minister) James Parkes (The Conflict of the Church and the Synagogue, A Study in the Origins of Anti-Semitism), corroborate that even the earliest Christian Church historians conceded that Christmas and other Christian holidays (e.g. Easter and Sun-[god]-day worship) weren't adopted into Christianity until five centuries after the death of the historical Pᵊrush•i Ribi Yᵊho•shua of Nâ•tzᵊr•at!

Rainbow Rule

The Magi

"These Chaldeans were probably Iraqis (as was Av•râ•hâm originally) or, perhaps, Iranians. 'The twelve-fold division of the zodiac was first developed by the Chaldean astronomers' (cf. Yi•rᵊmᵊyâhu 10:2 and Ma•sëkët Shab•ât 156a.) There is no reference that the astrologers were three in number. The belief that there were three was assumed based on the three kinds of gifts: gold, frankincense and myrrh." (NHM note 2.1.3)

"Concerning the 'Magi,' they were a "priestly caste in ancient Persia. They are thought ot have been followers of Zoroaster, the Persian teacher and prophet…. Gradually, the religion of the magi incorporated Babylonian elements, including astrology, demonology, and magic. (The word magic is derived from the word magi.) By the 1st century [C.E.], the magi were identified with wise men and soothsayers." Darius I (B.C.E. 522-486) was "probably the first Persian king to recognize the religion proposed by Zoroaster." Akhashveirosh (B.C.E. 486-465; also called Xerxes I, son of Darius I) of Dân•iy•eil 9.1 and the book of Ës•teir was probably a Zoroastrian by religion. Artakhshast (B.C.E. 465-425), also called Artaxerxes I, synthesized polytheistic idolatry with Zoroastrianism. Artakhshast II (B.C.E. 404-359), also called Artaxerxes II, to whom "a growing number of scholars date Ëzᵊr•â's mission in the seventh year of his reign,"20 venerated several gods, and subsequently (from B.C.E. 312 into the common era) "cults of foreign gods flourished along with Zoroastrianism." (NHM note 2.2.1).

NHM note 2.1.3 (commenting "magos"): ", μαγος, …astrologers… The Greek follows the earliest extant source texts. The Hebrew is reconstructed by correspondence via LXX 𝕸 (q.v. Dân•iy•eil 1:20; 2:2, 10, 27; 4:4; 5:7, 11, 15). However, the context of this chapter supports the reading in EB: (khoz•im ba-ko•khav•im, lit. seers in stars), which is linked to angelology.1.20.1

In 2.7, EB reads (qo•sᵊm•im, magicians)."

Astrology was practiced by idolaters such as these magicians, however, and there is but a small distinction in Greek between αστηρ and αστρον (the latter not found in Hebrew Ma•titᵊyâhu; cf. NHM note 2.2.1).

Astronomy Predicts A Great King

"Martin posits that the Magi derived from a priestly group of the Medes and Persians [i.e. the Zoroastrians] and that Dân•iy•eil became the chief Magi during the reign of King Nᵊvu-khad-nëtz•ar (based on Dân•iy•eil 5.11). "Perhaps the fraternization of Dân•iy•eil with the early Magi helps to explain why they expected a king of the Jews to arrive near the end of the first century." (Martin, p. 164)

The Star of 'Bethlehem'

A has made way from Ya•a•qov, and a has risen from Yi•sᵊr•â•eil

(bᵊ-Mi•dᵊbar 24.17)

"And you, Beit Lëkhëm, Ëphᵊrât-ward, a youth being Yᵊhud•âh, from you for Me, to be in Yi•sᵊr•â•eil; are , from days of o•lam."

(Mikhâh 5.2)

The term for "star" used in NHM (and the Christian Διαθηκη Καινη (NT)) is αστηρ. While this is conventionally translated as "star," the ancients didn't know of any difference between a star, a planet or a comet. αστηρ simply meant a celestial-body or celestial-phenomenon, which could be a comet, an eclipse – or, most frequently, a conjunction of planets thought to be symbolically-indicative).

A Star In The East?

Israel and the Jews are west of Iran / Iraq, from whence the astrologers came. Look at a globe! The ancient Iranian (Persian) astrologers ("magi"; astronomers and scientists of their era) didn't start out from America heading east toward Israel. Originating in Iran or Iraq (Persia), had they "followed a star in the east" they would have wound up on the east shore of Shanghai, China standing on the beach of the East China Sea looking out toward Okinawa, South Korea and southern Japan—not Yᵊru•shâ•layim! This cannot have been "a star in the east" leading them.

From The East

"The reference in Yᵊsha•yâhu to 'Who aroused from the East, whom he will he call ;' (41.2)."

[ (here described as a future offspring descending from Av•râ•hâm, the "from the East"; i.e., Iraq), is universally accepted by the Sages as a metonym for the Mâ•shiakh.] "This text in Yᵊsha•yâhu was accepted in Judaic circles as having messianic overtones because the Mâ•shiakh was also destined to come from [his conjunction in?] the East (Yᵊkhë•zᵊq•eil 43.1,2; NHM 24.27).

Dân•iy•eil Prophesies Mâ•shiakh To Die In 30 C.E.

"Concerning 1st century messianic expectations, one should recall the 483 years (69 of the 70 "weeks" / sevens of years; 69 x 7 = 483) prophesied by Dân•iy•eil from the command to build Yᵊru•shâ•layim by the king of Ba•vël in B.C.E. 445 until the execution of the Mâ•shiakh (Dân•iy•eil 8.24-27).21

"Though many point out that the typical year on the Judaic calendar has about 5 less days than the secular calendar, these self-proclaimed prophets who fail the criteria of Dᵊvâr•im 13.2-6 are unaware that the calendar is also on a cycle which includes leap-years and corrections. Thus, this prophecy points to a window 483 years after the year B.C.E. 453—c. 30 C.E.—as the approximate time at which Dân•iy•eil prophesied explicitly the Mâ•shiakh would be "cut off from among the living." Since he would be expected to be a man of perhaps 25-40 at the time of his execution, the Israeli Nᵊviy•im needed only to extrapolate from 30 C.E. back to the calculated time of his birth—a window beginning in approximately 3751-2 (B.C.E. 10) but probably before 3766-7 (5 C.E.).

Astronomy Astrology αστηρ αστρον

In the Hellenist (Greek) mss., αστηρ is used here rather than αστρον. Both Hellenist terms are rendered, via LXX, from the single Hebrew term , meaning either "star" (celestial body) or "celestial phenomenon" (sign). Hence, any distinction in the Hellenist Greek (and later Latin, Syriac-Aramaic and English) renderings are moot in the original Judaic Hebrew. Cf. instances in Ta•na"kh of in a Hebrew concordance.

"Both terms parallel, via LXX, the Hebrew , with the ancient scientists having no inkling of any difference between stars and planets. The distinction between αστηρ and αστρον, then, exists exclusively in the Greek. Since the LXX prefers αστηρ, not αστρον, this originally Greek (and Hellenist) preference cannot be regarded as an extra-Judaic redaction. This verse points out the recognition by the greater, extra-Judaic (Hellenist), world that this was widely regarded as a momentous αστηρnot a new and different αστρον (cf. Yᵊsha•yâhu 60:6 & Tᵊhil•im 72:10). For the same reason (being an originally Greek-Hellenist work), this implicit endorsement of astrology in the Hellenist Greek LXX stands in contradiction to , which explicitly and clearly forbids the practice (cf. Dᵊvâr•im 18:9-14; Yᵊsha•yâhu 47:12-14).

NHM note 2.2.1 (commenting "asteir"): , αστηρ, …celestial phenomenon… The Greek follows the earliest extant source texts. The Hebrew is reconstructed by correspondence via LXX 𝕸.

Like most people usually do today (even though they really know better now), the ancients didn't differentiate between stars and planets. EB reads , at NHM 2.2. Based on a secondary ms. of EB (26964), Prof. George Howard renders .

"In ancient times, there was little distinction between astronomy and astrology (the latter is â•sur16.19.3 [prohibited] in ). Not knowing the physics involved, it was perhaps difficult to distinguish between "celestial bodies" demarcating the months, seasons, rains and the like versus "celestial phenomena," both lumped together as governing human affairs. Yet, the former is ordained in while the latter is â•sur.

The Magis: Saturn, and ιε-Ζευς Roman Iuppiter)

"Astrologers believed that Saturn influenced the destiny of the Jews since the Jews observed [Saturn-day], the seventh day of the week, as Shab•ât. [ιε-Ζευς  Roman Iuppiter] was reckoned 'the Planet of the Messiah.' Rav Roy A. Rosenberg showed that Israeli sages long ago recognized that the Hellenists associated the planet ιε-Ζευς  Iuppiter with the Hebrew name , as corroborated in Ta•lᵊmud. Throughout the period of the Beit ha-Mi•qᵊdâsh ha-Shein•i and later, became a synonym for the Mâ•shiakh. Indeed, the messianic significance of the word went back as early as the sixth century B.C.E. Epithets derived from the root are applied to the Mâ•shiakh in Judaic tradition ever since Yi•rᵊmᵊyâhu 23.5f and 33.15f called him "‑‑ " (NHM note 2.2.1).

"Abrabanel (1437-1508 [C.E.]) commenting on the Book of Dân•iy•eil, said that a conjunction of [Saturn] and [ιε-Ζευς  Iuppiter] occurring within the constellation of [Pisces] had messianic significance."

The Jews looked upon the Mâ•shiakh as the royal offspring of Dâ•wid (Yi•rᵊmᵊyâhu 23.5 and the Qum•rân scrolls). More than that, the word was associated with the word to form the name -. This too was a messianic personage.

When the Iranian astrologers referred to "his αστηρ" they used two standard planetary references regarded widely throughout the ancient Middle East as standard symbols indicating "his" (1. kingship, 2. Jews):

  1. the ancient planet-god, Iuppiter – kingship (i.e., Judaic messiahship): in Hebrew, the planet , associated with the Mâ•shiakh-King, called ιε-Ζευς by the Greeks (later Iuppiter, i.e., Zeu patær (father Zeus) by the Romans). Hence, the gentile Roman Hellenists saw a connection between the portent of the planet they knew as ιε-Ζευς and the name they expected to be the Jewish Christ-king, Iæsous.

  2. the ancient Roman planet-god, Saturn – the Jews: in Hebrew, the planet , Latin Saturnus – origin of SaturDay – hence the connection to and, thereby, the Jews. (Note that the daylight-sky god, Day, derives from the cognate Indo-European god Dyeus, from which Zeus derived). This is the same god known in ancient Persia as کـيوان, transliterated into Hebrew as (Âmos 5.26).

12: Tribes, Zodiac
Constellations Leo (Lion / King) and Regulus

"While excluding representations of living creatures (the zodiac), recognition of the 12 months as annual divisions signaled by 12 divisions in the heavens was evident, according to Josephus anyway, in the 12 loaves of Display Bread as well as upon the outer veil of the Beit ha-Mi•qᵊdâsh ha-Shein•i. Thus, while adhering to the admonition of Yi•rᵊmᵊyâhu ha-Nâ•vi (10.2), the 12 tribes were associated with these 12 heavenly divisions and may be related to the blessings given by Yi•sᵊr•â•eil to his 12 sons (bᵊ-Reish•it 49). Whether blessing Yᵊhud•âh as the "lion" is in any way associated with the fifth constellation [Leo], etc. has not been persuasively shown. Yet, there is no reason to suppose that the Jews were unaware of the image associations of the zodiac among the [goy•im]. Martin also notes that Yo•seiph dreamed that "the Sun represented his father, the Moon (being feminine [in Hebrew]) his mother, and his eleven brothers were the eleven constellations of the zodiac." (NHM note 2.2.1).

The notion that the constellation Leo has "always been associated with the Jews," as some have asserted, has little merit by itself since most constellations can, in some way or another, be associated with nearly anything or anyone. This was not a primary or major association.

"Having identified αστηρ as a celestial phenomenon (such as a conjunction, occultation, retrogression, progression, solstice, etc.) rather than a celestial body (star or planet), NHM provides a key to unlocking the mystery of when Ribi Yᵊho•shua was born.

The signs in the heavens may be associated with remarks of the patriarchs and the history of the Jews. Martin asserts that the star Regulus, the diminutive of Rex, meaning king, and related to "regal" lies "directly between the feet of the Lion," (the constellation) and relates it to bᵊ-Reish•it 49.10 and bᵊ-Mi•dᵊbar 24.17.

Rainbow Rule

135 C.E.

Capitoline: ιε-Ζευς ( Iuppiter) Temple Hill in Rome
Ælius Hadrian Changed Yᵊru•shâ•layim to Ælia Capitolina
Expelled Jews (including Nᵊtzâr•im 15th Pâ•qid Yᵊhud•âh) –
And Forced Inhabitants To Worship The Idol ιε-Ζευς
(Morphed to Iæsous, Anglicized to Jesus and Christianity)

"The association between the Mâ•shiakh, the arrogation and Romanization of the concept, and [ιε-Ζευς  Iuppiter as icons of kingship certainly] influenced Hadrian's choice of [ιε-Ζευς (Iuppiter)] as the [idolatrous Hellenist] shrine erected over the site of the destroyed Beit ha-Mi•qᵊdâsh ha-Shein•i in the Hellenized city that the [Hellenist] Roman occupiers [dedicated to ιε-Ζευς and] renamed Ælia Capitolinaإلياء being a pejorative name still sometimes used by Arabs (along with their synonym القدس‎), as Arabs (and all Muslims) are loath to acknowledge its ancient, Judaic, connection to Dâ•wid ha-Mëlëkh – even by using its ancient, pre-Israel, Canaanite name: أُورُشَلِيمَ.

Celebrating Christmas is irredeemably pagan, through and through; having nothing whatsoever to do with any Jew from Nâ•tzᵊr•at. Celebrate Khanukh•âh instead… but be careful not to mix the holy theme with the idolatrous theme (which the Bible prohibits).

The most serious violation is to support the Arab occupation of Beit Lëkhëm by visiting Beit Lëkhëm during the Christians' idolatrous celebrations in the days leading up to and including Dec. 25th. Do not celebrate Xmas and do not support the Arab occupation of Beit Lëkhëm by your visit.

Rainbow Rule

Introductory Christian History

Shepherds in fields

During the cold rainy winter months here in Israel, shepherds have never remained out in the Judean hills with with their flocks as described in the Διαθηκη Καινη (NT). To the contrary, the Διαθηκη Καινη (NT) description of the scene contradicts a Dec. 25th Christmas. Even the Διαθηκη Καινη (NT) description proves that the birth could only be between spring and fall.

"The Dec. 25 dating is contradicted in the earliest extant source documents underlying the Διαθηκη Καινη (NT). Lu. 2:8 reported shepherds camped-out with their flocks at the time of the birth of Ribi Yᵊho•shua. Yet, ancient records document that it was in the spring that shepherds led their flocks out into the hills for a months-long nomadic pasturing trek that concluded in autumn, when they brought the flocks into the folds to shelter them from the winter rains, hail and occasional snow flurries.

The shepherds moved their campsites a few hills along every few days to permit pasturing on new hills, radiating out each day from the campsite, and moving their campsite every few days as available pasturage required. This nomadic trek ends in late autumn of each year when the flocks and shepherds work their way back to their homes for the winter.

"I have observed this practice while doing mi•lu•im (reserve duty) with the Tzah"l. During this period (late spring through early autumn), there is almost never any rain in Israel. The flocks are brought out in spring after the winter rains have ceased. The shepherds and flocks come home in autumn for shelter before the coming of the winter rains—around Suk•ot… The night winter winds are sometimes bitter cold in the hills around Beit Lëkhëm—as anyone who has pulled reserve duty in the area during the winter can attest. Long before Dec. 25, there were no shepherds still out in the hills with their flocks in the bitter cold winter rains.

"The time of year indicated by shepherds tending their flocks in the field (cf. Lu. 2:8) contradicts Dec. 25, and indeed the entire winter season, as a viable date. Ta•lᵊmud indicates that the flocks in those days were turned out to pasture in the fields in (the Hebrew calendar month equating to) spring and brought back in for the winter in late autumn of each year—fixing the season for the birth between spring and autumn, definitely not in winter."

The Proto-Christmas Tree

Earliest Origins

In , we find in Shᵊm•ot 34.13 and Dᵊvâr•im 7.5; 12.3 and 16.21.

The Christmas tree traces back to the Hebrew term , instantiated 40 times in the Bible where Christian translators have glossed over its meaning by translating the KJ/V as "grove(s)."

In the Nᵊviy•im, Yᵊsha•yâhu (17.8 and 27.9) equates the to idols of the sun-god—and, therefore, with the winter solstice in late Dec., introducing the two related Dec. 25th festivals: natalis solis invicti (the Roman "birth of the unconquered sun") and the birthday of Mithras, the Iranian (Persian) "Sun of Righteousness," whose worship was popular with Roman soldiers). Yi•rᵊmᵊyâhu refers to them in 17.2 and Mikhâh in 5.13 (Christians, looking in their Hellenized counterfeit book, will have the wrong verse – get an Artscroll Stone Edition Hebrew-English Ta•na"kh).

An account of the history of the can be traced through Sho•phᵊt•im 3.7; 6.25, 26, 28 & 30; Mᵊlâkh•im Âlëph 14.15, 23; 15.13; 16.33 & 18.19; Mᵊlâkh•im Beit 13.6; 17.10, 16; 18.4; 21.3, 7; 23.4, 6, 7, 14 & 15; Di•vᵊr•ei-ha-Yâm•im Beit 14.2; 15.16; 17.6; 19.3; 24.18; 31.1; 33.3, 19; 34.3, 4 & 7.

Rainbow Rule

'History Channel' On:

The Christmas Tree

Ancient Egyptian Idolatry Related to Birth of Jew?

"The ancient Egyptians worshipped a god called Ra—their sun-god who had the head of a hawk and wore the sun as a blazing disk in his crown. At the solstice, when Ra began to recover from its illness (as they perceived winter to be), the Egyptians filled their homes with green palm rushes which symbolized for them the triumph of life over death." (HistoryChannel.com; [HC])

Ancient Rome

"Early Romans marked the solstice with a feast called the Saturnalia in honor of Saturn, the god of agriculture. The Romans knew that the solstice meant that soon farms and orchards would be green and fruitful. To mark the occasion, they decorated their homes and temples with evergreen boughs.

"In Northern Europe the mysterious Druids, the priests of the ancient Celts, also decorated their temples with evergreen boughs as a symbol of everlasting life. The fierce Vikings in Scandinavia thought that evergreens were the special plant of the sun god, Balder." (HistCh)

Rainbow Rule

Christianity Adopts
Birthday of Persian Sun-God:
The First Christmas –
No Earlier Than 354 C.E.!!!

Christianity Today Discusses Dec. 25

According to Christianity Today, long before Christ, Dec. 25th was widely celebrated among the idolatrous, sun-worshiping, gentiles of the Roman Empire as Natalis Invicti Solis the birthday of Hellenist Mithra (Roman Helios or Sol), the "Unconquered Sun" god:

"To [Western Christians], Christmas and December are inseparable. But for the first three centuries of Christianity, Christmas wasn't in December—or on the calendar anywhere.… December 25 already hosted two other related festivals: natalis solis invicti (the Roman "birth of the unconquered sun"), and the birthday of Mithras, the Iranian "Sun of Righteousness" whose worship was popular with Roman soldiers [the pool from within which Christianity was spawned by Paul and hatched with Constantine]. The winter solstice, another celebration of the sun, fell just a few days earlier. Seeing that pagans were already exalting deities with some parallels to the true deity, church leaders decided to commandeer the date and introduce a new festival… Western Christians first celebrated Christmas on December 25 in 336 [C.E.]…" (ChristianityToday.com).

The earliest mention of Dec. 25 as Jesus birthday comes from a mid-fourth-century Roman almanac-calendar of Filocalus, dating to 354 C.E., which lists the death dates of various Christian bishops and martyrs and indicates that the festival was observed by the church in Rome by the year 336 C.E., during the time of the the first Christian Roman Emperor, Constantine. The first date listed, Dec. 25, is marked: natus Christus in Betleem Judeae ("Christ was born in Bethlehem of Judea"). It was a few years even later than that when Pope Julius I officially declared that the birth of Jesus would be celebrated on the 25th December (Encyclopedia Britannica).

Rainbow Rule Christmas C.E.

Ribi Yᵊho•shua never endorsed permitting idolatry, which traces its origins back into ancient Egypt. Christians, more than anyone else, ought to be capable of distinguishing between the authentic historical teachings of Ribi Yᵊho•shua and the idolatry of the Egyptian, Hellenist and Roman idolaters. Instead, Christians mindlessly (refusing to study the history) insist on "putting [a 4th-century Hellenized idol] Christ back into [an idolatrous] Christmas" when, in fact, your "salvation" depends upon putting the first-century Pᵊrush•i Jew, Ribi Yᵊho•shua (in the context of his historical first-century Jewish community described in (4Q) MMT), into your education! (That's what our web site teaches you how to do, BTW.)

Rainbow Rule
Why NHM is
the only authority about the Nᵊtzâr•im

The Nᵊtzâr•im have reconstructed Hebrew Ma•titᵊyâhu from all of the earliest extant source mss. up through the fourth century C.E., meticulously documenting and filtering out Hellenist, often anti-Judaic, Displacement Theology redactions, and from all of the extant Hebrew source documents up through the Ëvën Bo•khan (EB; 1380 C.E.).

Speaking of the original—Jewish, Nᵊtzâr•im—followers of historical Ribi Yᵊho•shua of Nâ•tzᵊr•at, the earliest Church historian, Eusebius (c. 260—340 C.E.) declared: "They thought the letters of the Apostle Paul ought to be wholly rejected and called him an apostate from []. They used only their own Hebrew Ma•titᵊyâhu and made little account of the rest" (Ecclesiastical History, III.xxvii.4).

Rainbow Rule
135 C.E. Apostasy
Hellenization = Syncretism = Ecumenism = Extensive Redactions
Producing Gentile Roman (Hellenist) Christianity
(Which Spawned (Hellenist) Protestants)

These Christian holidays were all idolatrous celebrations syncretized into the gentile Roman-Hellenist belief system in the centuries that followed the Roman crushing of the Bar Kokhva Rebellion, in 135 C.E. It's no coincidence that 135 C.E. was the year in which the Romans exiled all Jews from Yᵊru•shâ•layim, thereby forcibly ousting the Nᵊtzâr•im Pâ•qid. Nor is it a coincidence that 135 C.E. was the year in which the Roman gentiles filled the resulting vacuum with their own first gentile "bishop"—smack in the middle of the Roman paganization of Yᵊru•shâ•layim into "Ælia Capitolina," dedicated to the Hellenist ιε-Ζευς cum Roman Iuppiter!

Rainbow Rule
Ribi Yᵊho•shua and his Pre-Paul" Nᵊtzâr•im Jews
vs lᵊ-ha•vᵊdil
Gentile (Roman) Hellenist Idolatry

333 C.E. – Christian Genocide of the Nᵊtzâr•im

Neither Ribi Yᵊho•shua nor his original Nᵊtzâr•im Jewish followers ever made this transformation to Hellenist (Roman) idolatry and Christmas. In fact, in 333 C.E. the last remnants of the Nᵊtzâr•im were extirpated by the Church for refusing—upon pain of death—to attend Church on Easter (abandoning synagogue and Pësakh) where they were to be forced to eat pork on their way out (Eutychius, Patrologia Graeca—Migne 111, 11012-13 in Franciscan Catholic priest Bellarmino Bagatti, The Church from the Circumcision, p. 14.)

Rainbow Rule
The Face of Jesus: ιε-Ζευς (and Alexander the Great)

Contrary to Christmas stories, history records that the earliest images of Jesus, kept today in the Vatican—the same face reflected in crucifix idols, paintings and stained glass windows of churches across the world today—depict him as Helios, the sun deity (always identified by the sun rays emanating from his head… like the Statue of Liberty)! This proves that the earliest Roman gentile Christians understood Jesus not as a Jew but, rather, a minor revision to their sun-god! It also explains the origin of the 5th-century change to worship on sun-god-day and the adoption of the birthday of their sun-god—Dec. 25th… and the origin of the belief in the divinity of Jesus, by then completely divorced from the original Jewish belief of a Mâ•shiakh.

It gets even worse. Archeologist-historian John Romer demonstrated in a Discovery Channel documentary that the face that Christianity recognizes as Christ is actually based on the face of the great idol of ιε-Ζευς—which was sculpted from an idealized face of Alexander the Great!!! ("The Seven Wonders of the World, Part I: Jesus' Face") So anyone who worships Jesus, in addition to practicing idolatry of worshiping Isis and ιε-Ζευς, is worshiping Alexander the Great—not any Pharisee Ribi Jew from Nazareth—as a man-god!!!

Rainbow Rule
The Name of Jesus

Contrary to Christmas stories and carols, if the Hebrew name of the historical Jew, , had been transliterated into Greek like all of the other Hebrew names, the result would have been Ιοσου—anglicized to "Josou" (from which "Joshua" derived), NOT "Jesus"! Unlike any other Hebrew name ending in the Hebrew letter □ (aiyin), however, was—inexplicably—given a unique ending in Greek that molded the resulting name into a form reminiscent of a portmanteau, or morph, of the Egyptian Isis, which had evolved, in Roman Hellenism, into "ιε-Ζευς", producing Iæsous. This all seems to have been incorporated in ιε-Ζευς, a contraction, in Greek, meaning "holy ιε-Ζευς"! And the English name, Jesus, has derived from the Greek ιε-Ζευς, as found in LXX.

Thus, the post-135 C.E. Christian = Hellenist-Roman image of Jesus is the arch-antithesis (i.e., what Christians refer to as "the Antichrist") of historical Ribi Yᵊho•shua of Nâ•tzᵊr•at. The rise of the Hellenized (gentilized and Christianized) Christ is the prophesied apostasy described in "Revelation"!!!

Rainbow Rule

Yule Log—Back to the Sun-god

"Norway is the birthplace of the Yule log. The ancient Norse used the Yule log in their celebration of the return of the sun at winter solstice. "Yule" came from the Norse word hweol, meaning wheel. The Norse believed that the sun was a great wheel of fire that rolled towards and then away from the earth. Ever wonder why the family fireplace is such a central part of the typical Christmas scene? This tradition dates back to the Norse Yule log. It is probably also responsible for the popularity of log-shaped cheese, cakes, and desserts during the holidays." (HistCh)

Rainbow Rule

16th Century Christmas Tree

"Germany is credited with starting the Christmas tree tradition as we now know it in the 16th century when devout Christians brought decorated trees into their homes." (HC)

Rainbow Rule

17th Century

Russians Adopt Xmas Tree From Europe

In the former Soviet Union, the tradition to install and decorate the "Yolka" (fir tree) was brought back from Europe in the 17th century by Peter the Great—from Europe's Christmas tree tradition. Thus, although this "New Year's Tree" was "secularized" in the former Soviet Union; nevertheless, it was the adoption of the same idolatrous celebration—which is prohibited by wa-Yi•qᵊr•â 18.3; Dᵊvâr•im 13.1; 18.9; Yᵊho•shua 23.6-8; Yi•rᵊmᵊyâhu 10.

The Turkish "New Year's Tree" is of similar origin.

Rainbow Rule

19th Century England

Origin of the American Christmas Tree

"In 1846, the popular royals, Queen Victoria and her German Prince, Albert, were sketched in the Illustrated London News standing with their children around a Christmas tree. Unlike the previous royal family, Victoria was very popular with her subjects, and what was done at court immediately became fashionable—not only in Britain, but with fashion-conscious East Coast American Society. The Christmas tree had arrived." (HistCh)

"Christmas as we know it today is a Victorian invention of the 1860s… Caroling also began in England." (HC)

Rainbow Rule

History Channel On Christmas

I'm concerned when propaganda displaces fact in duping Americans to a false way. The most vociferous voices about Christmas in America these days have never even looked at American history (beyond what they can find in support of their propaganda). Here's what the History Channel says about Christmas in early America:

It is not surprising that, like many other festive Christmas customs, the tree was adopted so late in America. To the New England Puritans, Christmas was sacred. The pilgrims' second governor, William Bradford, wrote that he tried hard to stamp out "pagan mockery" of the observance, penalizing any frivolity. The influential Oliver Cromwell preached against "the heathen traditions" of Christmas carols, decorated trees, and any joyful expression that desecrated "that sacred event." In 1659, the General Court of Massachusetts enacted a law making any observance of December 25 (other than a church service) a penal offense; people were fined for hanging decorations. That stern solemnity continued until the 19th century, when the influx of German and Irish immigrants undermined the Puritan legacy." (HistCh)

"Most 19th-century Americans found Christmas trees an oddity. The first record of one being on display was in the 1830s by the German settlers of Pennsylvania, although trees had been a tradition in many German homes much earlier. The Pennsylvania German settlements had community trees as early as 1747. But, as late as the 1840s Christmas trees were seen as idolatrous symbols and not accepted by most Americans." (HistCh)

Rainbow Rule

19th Century America

Christmas Tree – Still Pagan

"As late as the 1840s Christmas trees were seen as idolatrous symbols and not accepted by most Americans." (HC)

I can remember when TV hosts or news anchors used to sign off by thanking their viewers "for inviting us into your home." Whatever happened to that America? Neither radio nor TV has any right to intrude into the home, under the guise of false pretenses, with unwanted and unsolicited material, whether religious, obscene, violent, immoral in the opinion of the viewer, etc. I don't object to these things being broadcast providing they are clearly marked products with the appropriate warning labels. I'm appalled to turn on a game I've always loved and find myself and my family exposed to an adulterous whore in a towel jumping on a football player. If NFL wants to marry such immorality to their game that's their prerogative… as long as they don't use deception to bring it into living rooms. TV & radio have no right to enter a living room under false pretenses and then "desensitize" the family to adultery, homosexuality, violence and a hedonistic and materialistic Hollywood view of life. How is that indoctrination methodology so different from the indoctrination of Muslim Madrassas in Saudi Arabia and Gaza? (The indoctrination methodology is the same, only the product is different.)

Rainbow Rule

Christmas in 21st Century America

I'm an American from way back. The Holland Society in New York City documents that my family, ne Van Nest (namely, Pieter Pieterse Van Nest), settled in New Amsterdam—before New York City was—in 1647. I'm also an Orthodox Jew (in good standing in the local Orthodox synagogue here in Ra'anana, Israel) who is appalled at Jews who hypocritically argue that the Kha•nuk•iyâh (which is different than a Mᵊnor•âh) should be allowed on public property while Christian displays shouldn't. I condemn those Jewish hypocrites unequivocally. Worse, their assertion that the Mᵊnor•âh (or Kha•nuk•iyâh) isn't a religious symbol is blasphemous, a profanation of the Name of the Almighty of Israel! Of course, the Mᵊnor•âh and Kha•nuk•iyâh are religious symbols!

Furthermore, the mi•tzᵊw•âh of Ha•vᵊdâl•âh commands that symbols of not be displayed on par with symbols of other religions.

"Freedom of Religion"

Freedom of religion in America means that every home and every place of worship must be guaranteed the right to practice their religion. Religious symbols and displays must be a guaranteed right on the property of every religious place of worship and every private home—in full public view. That right must be granted to every American and respected by every American; and the laws against vandalizing such expressions must be rigidly enforced.

Whatever is decided about religious symbols on public property, all religious symbols must be treated the same in America (NOT in Israel; Israel is a Jewish state, not an American state). The idea of permitting Jewish or Muslim symbols as "secular" while prohibiting Christian symbols is bald discrimination that cannot be tolerated in America. It IS a breach of the rights of American Christians! This Orthodox Jew doesn't equivocate about it.

Freedom from Religious Coercion

Conversely, however, America was founded on the principle of freedom from religious coercion. No one should be able to put unwanted religion "in your face." Placing religious symbols in public places—from parks to malls to government buildings to public schools to TV and radio—dictates that you either accept the religious coercion—from which the American Constitution is supposed to protect you—or you have to unplug your TV and radio and stay home from before Thanksgiving until after the secular New Year. That isn't freedom from religious coercion. No religious displays—not Jewish, not Christian, not Muslim, not any other—belong in the public arena. Let every church and every Christian home display all of the Christian symbols they like in full public view… as long as it's on their private property. That is the guaranteed American right to practice religion. By contrast, imposing your religion in my face, unwanted and uninvited, isn't the right of any American.

"In Your Face" Christianity All Christmas Season & Easter

It is no less an imposition of unwanted and uninvited religious coercion "in my face" when viewers tune in the news—not a Christian or Christmas program—on Fox News Channel and are bombarded by Christians insisting on bringing their Christmas and news of their 4th-century Roman "savior" into viewers' living rooms. Discussion of Christmas has a place in social discourse; but only when the product is properly labeled. Christmas doesn't routinely belong in every social discourse. "Fair & Balanced"? What a laugher! Despite Constitutional protections against religious coercion, Americans can't escape it anywhere they go, they can't escape it if they shop, children can't escape it at school, Americans can't even escape it in their own home!

The Constitution: The State Cannot Promote Any Religion Public Square: Add Kha•nuk•iyâh? Or Eliminate All Religious Symbols?

Christians scream when some thoughtless Jews seek parity, or priority, by placing Mᵊnor•ot and (or, but not) Christmas displays on public property which is, indeed, wrong. They ask where Jewish voices against this injustice are. Here is one. Now where are the Christian voices against the injustice of Christians having the right to hand out tracts, stage school-wide Christmas displays, shows and carol singing in which everyone is expected to participate or be ostracized? Where are the Christian voices insisting that Jews—including us, the Nᵊtzâr•im—be given this same right to place Nᵊtzâr•im literature from here in Ra'anana in the public schools so children can be educated in the historical and legitimate Judaic framework of Ribi Yᵊho•shua? Where are the Christian voices insisting that the same rights of Muslims, Hindus and others be equally protected? Are American schools places of learning or places of indoctrination like the Muslim Madrassas? Hypocrites! Get the beam out of your own eye and maybe you can see better to get a speck out of your neighbor's eye.

FNC: FOX Newfotainment Christianity

If Fox Newfotainment wants to become an affiliate of the Christian Broadcasting Network, fine. CBN can broadcast Christmas and Christian witnessing to their hearts' content. It's honestly labeled and, therefore, it's CBN's right under the Constitution. It ISN'T Fox's right when they purport to be a news broadcasting cable channel. That's false advertising and bringing their religion into living rooms through deception, no better than NFL springing a promo for a TV show about adulteresses or a "family" sit-com springing on its unsuspecting viewers a desensitization indoctrination of a homosexual interfacing with the cast as an acceptable lifestyle. "Queer Eye," while I don't watch such an abomination, has the right to broadcast because it's properly labeled. One can avoid it by simply not selecting that show. Just don't spring that crap through deception on unsuspecting viewers just because some Chevy Chase-mindset or Barbara Streisand-mindset entertainment moguls think America needs to be desensitized and indoctrinated into their brainless hedonistic and materialistic way of thinking where conflicting facts have no place.

Rainbow Rule Everything Unique To Christmas Originated in Idolatry, Not Tor•âh

All of the trappings of Christmas—from the calendar date to the tree to the Yule log—have clear origins in idolatry. By stark contrast, there is no precedence for any of these in the practiced and taught by historical Ribi Yᵊho•shua of Nâ•tzᵊr•at and his first-century Nᵊtzâr•im.

Christmas traditions are documented to be idolatrous, predating and having nothing whatsoever to do with the first century Pharisee Jew from Nâ•tzᵊr•at. Would Christians be offended if store clerks, radio & TV announcers and every store, mall, school and government office were wishing them, inescapably and everywhere they went, "Happy Zeus' Day," or "Happy Saturnalia"? I think not. (On the other hand, there's Halloween… oy!)

Rainbow Rule

Astronomy Fixes True Birthdate

Three conjunctions

"Similarly, we need only examine this same window. In the years 3754-5 (B.C.E. 7), [Saturn] and [Ζευς  Iuppiter] were in conjunction three times in the pre-dawn sky. There are several dates given for these conjunctions in various texts because there are three methods of defining "conjunction":

  1. celestial longitude,

  2. right ascension, and

  3. least apparent angular separation.22

Thus, Tuckerman indicates the conjunctions according to celestial longitude as:

  1. B.C.E. 0007.05.27,

  2. B.C.E. 0007.10.05, and

  3. B.C.E. 0007.12.01

Sinnot gives the conjunctions according to right ascension as:

  1. B.C.E. 0007.06.02,

  2. B.C.E. 0007.09.26, and

  3. B.C.E. 0007.12.11.23

"Dr. E. Myles Standish Jr. of the Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, Ca. indicates the dates according to least apparent angular separation as (parallel dates on Judaic calendar according to rosettacalendar.com; see also NHM note 1.18.1):

  1. B.C.E. 0007.05.29 = Thirdmonth 3, 3754 – 47th day of the counting of the Omër, 3 days before Khag ha-Shâvu•ot.

  2. B.C.E. 0007.10.01 = Seventhmonth 10, 3755 (as the Hebrew calendar today reflects the modern change of year beginning with the seventhmonth) – Yom ha-Ki•pur•im

  3. B.C.E. 0007.12.05 = Tenthmonth 23, 3755 – 2 days before Khanukh•âh.

"This last method is the one which the ancient astronomer-astrologers, using their naked eyes and lacking modern instrumentation, used and is, therefore, the one adopted in NHM.

With the the celestial phenomena information in hand, we may consider the astronomical computer calculations relative to the dating of the birth of Ribi Yᵊho•shua.

"The significance of three conjunctions and their timing is interpreted as follows:

Birthdate Fixed by First Conjunction

"The first conjunction signaled the birth of Ribi Yᵊho•shua on B.C.E. 0007.05.29 / Day1, Thirdmonth (Sivan) 3rd, 3754.

"The astrologers would have made their sightings independently, analyzed their meanings and, in following days and weeks arranged meetings together to discuss the significance. Eventually, the astrologers decided to arrange a caravan and to go to Israel to investigate the matter further and ask of the "Israeli scientists" more detailed information on the meaning of this phenomenon.

"At Moah in the central A•râv•âh, "remains of the 2,000-year-old, 17-room Moah caravansary excavated by archaeologist Rudolph Cohen of the [Israel Antiquities Authority] include an elaborate bathhouse. "Caravansaries were erected by the Nabataeans about every 30 kilometers [along the Tei•mân•i-Az•âh spice route], a day's journey for a loaded camel.

"In her book The Syrian Desert, Christina P. Grant describes the organization of caravans in antiquity as complex operations requiring considerable managerial skills and discipline. "The principal financial backer would name a convoy commander—generally a Bedouin sheikh—who would have complete authority. Salt caravans crossing the Sahara today sometimes number as many as 1,000 camels and ancient caravans presumably numbered that many or more at times given the amount of goods being moved.

"The organizational stage, which could take months, involved mobilizing camels and drivers, assembling the goods to be transported, arranging for fees to be paid to tribes whose territory would be crossed, arranging business contracts and insurance.

"Once under way, a guide and advance guard rode several kilometers in front of the caravan. At the head of the main body, rode the convoy commander and his staff. Armed outriders guarded the flanks of the convoy from raiders. The camels would be tied to each other in line and [a number of] 'empty' [camels] would plod along at the rear as spares. If a sandstorm obliterated signs of the trail and orientation were completely lost, the leader would order a halt until nightfall so that he could navigate by the stars.

"Camp would be made an hour or two before sunset. The camels would be unloaded and the packs placed in a circle to provide a perimeter of defense. The travelers would sleep inside the circle while the guards took turns as sentries. At caravansaries along the route, apparently only wealthy travelers luxuriated inside the bathhouse and dining halls while the remainder made do in the caravan camp." (That Yo•seiph and Miryâm attempted to obtain space in the "inn," then, suggests that they were affluent.)

Second Conjunction: Consulting King Herod

The meetings, discussions, planning, arrangements for a caravan, stocking provisions for the journey, the journey itself, various inquiries upon their arrival in Yᵊru•shâ•layim and arranging a meeting with Herod—all of this could well take them slightly over four months—from 05.29 to 10.01. After the astrologers had obtained the information from Herod (and his advisors), upon leaving the meeting, a second conjunction (B.C.E. 0007.10.01) confirmed that they were on the right track [following Herod's input]: that they should look in Beit Lëkhëm.

"There were now five weeks until the final conjunction (though the astrologers were not aware of this in advance). They would have spent a few days replenishing their provisions, afterwards walking to Beit Lëkhëm within one day. If they took a week they still should have been there no later than 10.08.

Third Conjunction Identifies Family and Child

"They still needed to identify the right child (who was now over four months old—and definitely no longer in a manger). How would they do this? The simplest method would have been to list all of the male children in Beit Lëkhëm who were of approximately the right age and take turns setting a watch over each candidate's house—tonight over house #1, tomorrow night over house #2, etc. When they reached end of the list, they would have started over, repeating the procedure until another conjunction confirmed that "tonight's" vigil-house was the correct one.

"On the eve of 12.05 (not 12.25 as Martin suggests) calculations demonstrate that they were keeping watch at the house of Yo•seiph Bën-Dâ•wid when the third conjunction occurred, confirming that this was the child. The magi must have watched over a different house in Beit Lëkhëm for close to a month waiting for the sign. When the Magi presented their gifts, Ribi Yᵊho•shua was more than six months old. Cf. Yᵊsha•yâhu 60:3."

The recorded sightings of conjunctions of planets with Jewish and messianic significance by the Persian astrologers (popular "wise men" or magicians) enable the calculation based on computer simulations (obtained from and corroborated with NASA, the Jet Propulsion Lab and Sky & Telescope back in 1983) several astronomical dates—including the exact date of the birth of Ribi Yᵊho•shua on 29 May of the year B.C.E. 0007 (see explanation below and NHM note 2.1.4)—in spring (when shepherds are in the fields), not winter (when sheep are kept in folds for shelter from the cold winter rains, occasional hail and short, light flurries of snow).

Rainbow Rule
Herod the Great was "King"

NHM ch. 2 confirms that Herod the Great was king – still living – when Ribi Yᵊho•shua was born.

NHM note "2.0.1 … B.C.E. 7: Dating the Birth of Ribi Yᵊho•shua: According to NHM 2.1, Ribi Yᵊho•shua was born "during the days of Herod-the-Great," who lived ca. B.C.E. 0037—B.C.E. 0004. Postulations that Herod lived beyond B.C.E. 0004 are shaky at best. Few, if any, of the leading scholars concede this notion. Ribi Yᵊho•shua, therefore, could not likely have been born later than B.C.E. 0004. For a variety of reasons (viz., ancient records of Herod's taxation order in B.C.E. 0007), most scholars have placed his birth ca. B.C.E. 0007. This date is even more plausible when one considers notes 2.2.1 and 2.3.1.

"The earliest date for the birth of [Ribi] Yᵊho•shua is generally tagged to the death of Herod, who was still alive when [Ribi] Yᵊho•shua was born. [According to Josephus,] Herod died shortly after an eclipse of the moon. Martin's defense of the eclipse in B.C.E. 1, while [seeming] viable, isn't logically compelling [and, as demonstrated below, is rendered impossible by other facts]. The next earlier eclipse, in B.C.E. 4, which has been widely accepted, is the correct eclipse. Further, the celestial phenomena, which can be argued for both eclipses, is closer to the text in B.C.E. 4. (Especially readers leaning toward the B.C.E. 1 eclipse should refer to Martin's arguments.)" (NHM note 2.2.1)."

Rainbow Rule
How, Then, Did Herod Die in 4 "BC" ("Before Christ")?
B.C.E. 3 And Later Ruled Out

Since Herod the Great died in B.C.E. 4, and was "king" when Ribi Yᵊho•shua was born, Ribi Yᵊho•shua's birth had to be prior to B.C.E. 4 (ruling out B.C.E. 3 and later). A priori, census and conjunctions data indicate that Ribi Yᵊho•shua could only have born in the year B.C.E. 7

Furthermore, "In a sixth-century treatise on the calculation of Easter, Dionysius 'the Little' first proposed to count from the birth of Christ to avoid honouring the hated persecutor Diocletian. His idea was popularised in England by the Venerable Bede [673-735 C.E.], who added the notion of counting backwards for dates [B.C.] 'Before Christ'. However, it only gained universal acceptance among Christians in the 15th century [C.E.]." (BC/AD Dating: In the year of whose Lord?)

Rainbow Rule
The Census (Lu. 2.8)

"The traditional date of B.C.E. 1 for the birth of Ribi Yᵊho•shua is also in conflict with ancient records regarding the census, recorded in NHM and the source texts of the Διαθηκη Καινη (NT). Ancient historical records unearthed by archaeologists in 1920 seem[ed to some] to indicate that Herod's taxation census was in B.C.E. 0008. [Update 2014.05.11 correcting NHM: according to Josephus (Ant. xviii.ii.1), this taxation census occurred in B.C.E. 6-7. See the various scholarly arguments in Schürer.] Requiring all citizens to travel to the place of their birth, where their Yo•khas•in (cf. note 1.0.8) were located, to pay the tax would certainly have taken a year or longer to carry out. Caesar Augustus himself wrote of a census begun in B.C.E. 0008, which would still have been ongoing in the spring of B.C.E. 0007.

Historians are generally agreed that the historical records of censuses indicate that Ribi Yᵊho•shua was born in either the year B.C.E. 3 or 7, not in the Christian "zero" year. (The calendar date proceeds back in time from 1 C.E. back to B.C.E. 1. There was no "zero year".)

"The argument for B.C.E. 1 also leans heavily upon the dating of the census tax, which some scholars feel does not support the B.C.E. 4 dating. Lu. indicates (2.2) that this tax census, or registration, occurred during the rule of Cyrenius (Quirinius) of Syria, who was appointed in 6 C.E. Seemingly then, [Ribi] Yᵊho•shua had to be born prior to B.C.E. 4 [when King Herod died] but after 6 C.E. [when the B.C.E. 1 advocates date the census] – a clear impossibility [whichever census dating is applied]." (NHM note 2.2.1) The B.C.E. 1 theory is impossible!

There are however at least two solutions to this seeming intractability:

  1. "Josephus states (Ant., XVII, xiii, 5) that when Quirinius assumed office in Syria in 0006 C.E. he already "had been consul" previously. This is also reinforced by the Lapis Tiburtinus (a 1st century Latin inscription found about 20 miles east of Rome) that indicates a still-to-be-identified proconsul of Syria who had served twice. There are many "blank spots" in the historical records of the proconsulships of Syria during this time, including the spring of B.C.E. 7. It is, therefore, quite plausible that Quirinius was serving his first term in the spring of B.C.E. 7 (an otherwise "blank" spot in the records) and was named consul a second time [12 years later] in 6 C.E. The [verse] in Lu. would then have referred not to his second proconsulship in 6 C.E. but to his first term in the spring of B.C.E. 7." (NHM note 2.2.1)

  2. "Josephus also states that more than one ruler served simultaneously in Syria. Therefore, Quirinius may have been serving (an earlier first term)—along with one of the recorded proconsuls—during the spring of B.C.E. 7." (NHM note 2.2.1).

"We must look for celestial phenomena that satisfy these conditions. Martin's proposed date of B.C.E. 3.09.11" (Sep. 11 of B.C.E. 3) (NHM note 2.2.1) is based primarily on his mistaken claim that it coincided with Yom Tᵊru•âh. That year, however, Yom Tᵊru•âh occurred 3 days earlier, on B.C.E. 3.09.08. That assertion crashed and burned!

A priori, the only viable date is B.C.E. 7.

Ribi Yᵊho•shua's Bar-Mi•tzᵊw•âh
Birthdate Reconfirmed by Bar-Mi•tzᵊwâh Ha•phᵊtâr•âh

This exact birthdate [is also implied] in Lu. One of the high points of a young [Jew]'s Bar-Mi•tzᵊwâh is [his] reading [and explicating] of his Ha•phᵊtâr•âh selection from the Nᵊviy•im. Yet, this seems to be ignored in the account of Ribi Yᵊho•shua's Bar-Mi•tzᵊwâh in Lu. 2:42ff. In the second year of the Triennial Cycle, used back then, the Ha•phᵊtâr•âh selection for Ribi Yᵊho•shua's Bar-Mi•tzᵊwâh on the first of Thirdmonth [Sivan] [was] Yᵊsha•yâhu 60:17—61.9. In Lu. 4.16-20 he is seen delivering this very Ha•phᵊtâr•âh selection, the only one in the year that included Yᵊsha•yâhu 61.1-2!

Another consideration, not mentioned in the literature, is that Ribi Yᵊho•shua's celebration of his Bar-Mi•tzᵊw•âh, on the Sha•bât concluding the week of his twelfth birthday, was around Pësakh (another indication that Ribi Yᵊho•shua's birthday was this time of year; cf. Lu. 2:42-49). This involved his transition from elementary school to the Beit Mi•dᵊrâsh. Cf. also notes NHM 19.20.1 and 28.1.2."

Conception Month Corroborates Astronomical Birth Date

Finally, "Our dating by astronomical events (cf. 2.2.1) is confirmed in that the date of conception calculated from the birth date (Sixthmonth approx. 23, 3753 / B.C.E. 0008.08.28; see NHM 1.18), where the birth date is calculated from the astronomical conjunctions, corresponds to the month stipulated in Lu. 1.26:

And in Sixthmonth, απεσταλη the ma•lâkh, , from Ël•oh•im into a city of , the name of which is ."

This is nine months and a couple of weeks before the astronomically fixed birthdate of BCE 0007.05.29 [Sha•bât, 3753.06.04 (B.C.E. 0008.08.28)!

Rainbow Rule

The Nᵊtzâr•im

Beware of Christian/"Messianic" Plagiarists

While poseurs proliferate since I reintroduced the term Nᵊtzâr•im in the early 1970s for the first time in the modern era, as the 16th Pâ•qid, I am the sole authorized spokesman, globally, for the Nᵊtzâr•im; the only legitimately -keeping, Orthodox Jews (in good standing in a legitimate Orthodox synagogue for over a decade) who recognize the first-century Jew from Nâ•tzᵊr•at, Ribi Yᵊho•shua, as the Mâ•shiakh.

The Nᵊtzâr•im, in Raanana, Israel, are the first and only followers of historical Ribi Yᵊho•shua as Mâ•shiakh to be recognized as legitimate and in good standing in the same religious community as Ribi Yᵊho•shua and his original Nᵊtzâr•im followers—the ancient Pharisaic-cum-moderate-Orthodox-Jewish community in Israelsince 333 C.E.!!!

Oxford Historian (& Christian Minister) James Parkes' Book

For how the post-Paul, Hellenist-Roman gentile church, especially after 135 C.E., became the polar opposite of the first century Jewish followers of historical Ribi Yᵊho•shua we refer readers first to Parkes' book, The Conflict of the Church and the Synagogue, A Study in the Origins of Anti-Semitism.

Parkes is an essential read providing the necessary historical knowledge framework needed to relate to my more advanced book, which assumes you're familiar with that historical framework – Who Are The Nᵊtzarim? Live-Link (WAN).

This Website & My Books

If you're serious about following historical Ribi Yᵊho•shua in truth, you'll follow, exhaustively, the complete tour in our web site to discover—free—a myriad of truths that have been concealed from the gentile church for millennia, uncomfortable truths no pastor will ever teach you in Sunday School or from any church pulpit. Our Kha•vᵊr•utâ (on-line Distance Learning) opens new vistas that shatter countless popular myths and take you to an entirely new level – to begin following the authentic, historical Ribi Yᵊho•shua in truth.

Once you've fully digested and understood WAN Live-Link Technology, you can move on to Atonement In the Biblical 'New Covenant' Live-Link (ABNC) and then NHM.

Why would any Christian continue following the antinomian Displacement Theology of Roman idolaters instead of the authentic teachings of historical Ribi Yᵊho•shua??? If you believe that Ribi Yᵊho•shua is the Mâ•shiakh, as the Nᵊtzâr•im do, then follow historically-accurate Ribi Yᵊho•shua, NOT his alter-ego, arch-antihesis Antichrist. The promise of salvation from the Antichrist is an empty promise that may give you a "warm and fuzzy" feeling but brings no salvation from the Ël•oh•im of Israel and the Bible. If you want to find salvation that carries Biblical authority, you must learn and follow the only Bible taught by historical Ribi Yᵊho•shua of Nâ•tzᵊr•at, the Hebrew Ta•na"kh. Continuing to follow his Roman Hellenist (Greek) idolatrous alter-ego and arch-anthesis—the Antichrist and his Greek "Bible"—can never save you.

Discover how the 135 C.E. Roman apostasy continues even today to misdirect millions astray from salvation into ancient Roman idolatry. Just click on our olive-trees & mᵊnor•âh logo (see Zᵊkhar•yâh 4) to the only legitimate Nᵊtzâr•im web site and follow our village tour signs (at the bottom of major web pages)… and learn more than you ever imagined about (popularly, "Judaism") and Christianity from the time of Ribi Yᵊho•shua through the fourth century C.E. Your salvation depends upon knowing the historical truth. (If you have any technical difficulties, always come to www.netzarim.co.il., the only legitimate Nᵊtzâr•im web site.)

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